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American Realism, Naturalism and Regionalism (Local Color)

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American Realism, Naturalism and Regionalism (Local Color) The History Rapid industrial growth Westward expansion America changing from a farming culture to an urban ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: American Realism, Naturalism and Regionalism (Local Color)


1
American Realism, Naturalism and
Regionalism(Local Color)
2
The History
  • Rapid industrial growth
  • Westward expansion
  • America changing from a farming culture to an
    urban existence (Farming ? Factories)

3
Problems
  • urban poverty/slums
  • farm struggles
  • labor unrest
  • conflicts in the West
  • the horrors of the Civil War led to uncertainty
    about the future
  • struggle for freedom (especially immigrants,
    women, African-Americans

4
The Roots of American Realism
  • The experience of war- little interest in
    imaginative / romantic literature
  • Frontier life (conflicts with Native Americans,
    the hardships of pioneer life)
  • The urban experience (cities with poverty, slums,
    crime)

5
Literary Realism
  • driven by scientific and technological changes
    (see it ? believe it)
  • The camera captured reality (i.e. Matthew Bradys
    Civil War photographs)

6
Literary Realism (continued)
  • American writers felt the need to observe and
    describe their settings and characters with as
    much accuracy as possible
  • accurate depictions of setting, customs, manners
    and speech

7
The Literature
  • reflected the diversity of the nation
  • the promise and problems of America
  • portrayed ordinary life, characters and events in
    an objective, almost factual way, free from
    subjective prejudice, idealism, or romantic color

8
Objective
  • (1) expressing or dealing with facts or
    conditions as perceived without distortion by
    personal feelings, prejudices, or interpretations
  • Definition from http//www.merriam-webster.com/dic
    tionary

9
Subjective
  • (1) peculiar to a particular individual
     personal
  • 2) modified or affected by personal views,
    experience, or background

10
Naturalism (a type of realism)
  • Suggests that lives and events are decided by
    forces beyond our control
  • Man is controlled by his instincts or passions,
    his social and economic circumstances,
    environment, and /or heredity

11
Naturalism (a type of realism)
  • Humans have no free will
  • Pessimistic
  • Individual people are not important
  • Nature is not hostile, but indifferent
  • Darwinism survival of the fittest (biological
    determinism)

12
Naturalism
  • Examples
  • Stephen Crane The Open Boat, Maggie a Girl
    of the Streets
  • Jack London White Fang, Call of the Wild, To
    Build a Fire

13
Regionalism or Local Color
  • Regional writers documented the unique ways of
    life in the rural communities of the nation
  • Distinct dialects, landscapes and communities
    were shown
  • Tried to capture the what it was REALLY like to
    live in the different regions of the growing
    country

14
Regionalism or Local Color
  • Kate Chopins stories set in the Louisiana Bayou
  • Bret Hartes stories set in the American West
  • Jack Londons tales of the frozen Yukon territory
  • Mark Twains stories set along the Mississippi
    River
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