Women in Western Religions Today By: Janel Alimboyoguen, Gwyneth Calipjo, Julia Conley, Elly Guadarrama - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Women in Western Religions Today By: Janel Alimboyoguen, Gwyneth Calipjo, Julia Conley, Elly Guadarrama

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Women in Western Religions Today By: Janel Alimboyoguen, Gwyneth Calipjo, Julia Conley, Elly Guadarrama Overview Women in Judaism today (Orthodox vs. Liberal) Women ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Women in Western Religions Today By: Janel Alimboyoguen, Gwyneth Calipjo, Julia Conley, Elly Guadarrama


1
Women in Western Religions Today By Janel
Alimboyoguen, Gwyneth Calipjo, Julia Conley, Elly
Guadarrama
2
Overview
  • Women in Judaism today (Orthodox vs. Liberal)
  • Women in Christianity today (Catholic vs.
    Protestant vs. Orthodox)
  • Women in Islam (Theocracy vs. Democracy)

3
Women In Orthodox Judaism
  • Study Torah or ordained as a Rabbi or Cantor?
  • Covered Hair
  • Kosher Kitchen
  • Separation
  • Touching Other Men

4
Liberal Judaism
  • Study the Torah
  • Rabbis
  • Bat Mitzvah
  • Separation?
  • High Office Positions

Rabbi Pauline Bebe
5
Women in the Hebrew Bible
  • God as a Mother Caring for her Child
  • - Isaiah 4914-18
  • - Isaiah 6610-13

6
Worksheet Question 1
  • According to Proverbs, how is the ideal wife
    expected to behave and how does it compare or
    contrast with the view of the ideal wife today?
  • Puts family first, kind, giving, worthy of
    praise, smart, strong, more than a pretty face,
    never idle, always working for the good of the
    household, fears God.

7
Women in the Catholic Church
  • Priests?
  • Nuns
  • Separation?
  • Have a Role in Every Aspect of Society
  • Most perfect human being was a woman Mary

8
Protestant Women
  • (Baptist Lutheran) ordained first woman in
    1929 1992
  • Priest and Preachers
  • Conservative Protestants
  • Separation?

9
Women in Orthodox Christianity
  • Access to Altar
  • Gospel Reading
  • Baptismal
  • Religious Education
  • Choir
  • Priesthood

10
Women in the New Testament
  • Women and Men are Equal
  • - Galatians 323-29
  • - 1 Corinthians 113-16
  • Women Must Remain Quiet
  • - 1 Corinthians 1426-40
  • - 1 Timothy 2 1-15

11
Worksheet Question 2
  • Do you feel that the role of women today is in
    line with the selected readings in the NT?
     Explain you answer.
  • In most aspects, women are fairly equal to men.
    However, in some branches the is still exclusion
    from the clergy.

12
Women In Islam (Theocratic Govts)
  • Theocracy Afghanistan (Taliban), Iran, Iraq,
    Saudi Arabia (Islamism)
  • Beating
  • Hijab
  • Iran Cracks Down on Womens Day

13
Women in Islam (Democratic Govts)
  • Democracy USA, Indonesia, India, E. Europe
  • Separation?
  • Dress
  • Duties
  • Dowry
  • Political Power
  • Active Participants

14
Women in Islam
  • Difference between Islamic Beliefs and Cultural
    Beliefs
  • - Mistreatment
  • Quran story of Adam and Eve
  • Surah 65 1-11
  • Women are independent individuals and accountable
    for their own actions on the Day of Judgement.

15
Women in Power
Clergy and Religious Scholars - Education -
Official Position in a Masjid (Mosque) -
Imam? National leaders - Muhammad - Islamic
Law - Aisha Example of historical role models
for Muslim women as leaders - Razia Sultana
short-lived third major independent Muslim
ruler of the Sultanate of Delhi in India -
Mamluk Queen Shaiarat ad-Dur ruled for a few
years in Egypt.
16
Worksheet Question 3
  • What is the basis for the hijab in the Qur'an?
  • Surah 2431 (modesty)

17
Leading Women in Western Religions Today
18
Judaism Tova Hartman
  • Professor of Education at the Hebrew University
    of Jerusalem, specializing in Gender Studies
  • Founder of Kehillat Shira Hadasha in 2001

19
Shira Hadasha
  • Embraces womens commitment to halakha (Jewish
    religious law, customs, and traditions), tefillah
    (prayer), and feminisn
  • Response to the role of women in the synagogue.
  • First Partnership Minyan
  • Controversy

20
Christianity Barbara Harris
  • First woman ordained a bishop in the Anglican
    Communion
  • Noted for her liberal views and her outspokennes.
  • Ordained a deacon in 1979 and a priest in 1980.
  • Ordained Bishop Suffragan of the Episcopal
    Diocese of Massachusetts on February 11, 1989.
  • Currently serves as Assisting Bishop in the
    Episcopal Diocese of Washington, DC and publishes
    The Witness magazine as president of the
    Episcopal Church Publishing Company.

21
Islam Ingrid Mattson
  • Earned her Ph.D. in Islamic Studies from the
    University of Chicago in 1999. Her research is
    focused on Islamic law and society.
  • Activist
  • Current President of the Islamic Society of North
    America (ISNA)
  • Raised as a Catholic then abandoned Religion

22
Summary
  • Study
  • - Judaism
  • - Christianity
  • - Islam
  • Ordination
  • - Judaism
  • - Christianity
  • - Islam
  • Separation
  • - Judaism
  • - Christianity
  • - Islam
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