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The Great Depression

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The Great Depression November 18, 2013 After World War I When World War I ended in 1918, a _____ against the social and moral reforms happened in the U.S. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Great Depression


1
The Great Depression
  • November 18, 2013

2
After World War I
  • When World War I ended in 1918, a _________
    against the social and moral reforms happened in
    the U.S.
  • The 1920s was a decade of huge ______ changes
  • It was a struggle between _____ and _____ America
  • A more _______________ culture battled against
    the old __________________ culture

3
The Roaring Twenties
  • The popular image of the 1920s is of prosperity,
    bootleggers and gangsters, jazz, and dancers
  • However, the 20s were also a period of deep
    social unrest
  • ____________ (Italians, Irish, etc.) were
    discriminated against
  • _______ tensions ran high between blacks and
    whites
  • ___________ tensions increased with the debate
    over ___________

4
Georgia in the 1920s
  • For many Georgians, the 1920s was ____ a time for
    _____________
  • The _____________, a type of beetle, was
    destroying the cotton crop
  • It destroyed 1000s of acres of Georgias cotton
    fields
  • __________ also hit in 1924, which ruined many of
    Georgias other crops
  • Many farms _______ and farm-related businesses
    _________, which caused many farm workers to
    _______ Georgia
  • This caused Georgias ___________ to sink into a
    depression

5
Causes of the Great Depression
  • There were many, many factors that led up to the
    Great Depression
  • People had borrowed _______ money than they could
    repay
  • _____________ had produced more goods than they
    could sell
  • Farmers had ______________ their crops
  • People had been buying and selling in the Stock
    Market, making the stocks ________ then what they
    were worth

6
The Stock Market Crashes
  • On a Thursday in October 1929, a huge wave of
    sell orders shook the Stock Exchange
  • Stock prices ___________, but things recovered
    and got back on track
  • The next week, prices started falling again on
    Monday
  • On Tuesday, _________________, there was a mad
    rush to _____ as many stocks as possible causing
    the worst crash in the Stock Markets history
  • Because people had borrowed money from ______ to
    buy stock, when the market crashed, they lost
    their money and could not repay the banks
  • Banks ________, people lost ______ because
    businesses closed, then lost their _________
    because they could not pay their mortgage

7
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • In 1932, 3 years after the Depression started,
    _____________________ was elected U.S. President
  • During his campaign, he had promised a new deal
    for the American people
  • After taking office, he worked to keep that
    promise by urging Congress to pass a series of
    laws known as the ___________ that were aimed at
    bringing ____________ recovery, relieving
    suffering of the _____________, reforming the
    economy, and improving ________

8
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
  • The CCC was a New Deal program that provided
    _____ for young single men
  • They built forest trails, planted trees, and
    built parks
  • The CCC was popular in Georgia because it built
    many of the facilities at our _____________
    (Kennesaw Mountain, Pine Mountain)
  • Other CCC projects in Georgia included a seawall
    at _____________, an airport in Macon, and
    improving __________________ in Atlanta

9
Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)
  • The AAA paid farmers _____ to plant crops on part
    of their land
  • By ___________ production, prices would go ____
    based on the principle of supply and demand
  • This helped Georgia recover from low ________
    prices
  • The drawback was that the payments went to the
    _______________, not the ________________, and
    many lost their jobs because of decreased
    production

10
Rural Electrification Authority (REA)
  • In the 1920s, power companies had very ____ power
    lines running to rural areas
  • The ones that did run there were ____________ to
    maintain, making power bills _________ in the
    _______ areas
  • The REA loaned over 300 million so power lines
    could be ____________ in rural areas
  • This made farm life _________ with the use of
    electric water pumps, lights, milking machines,
    and appliances

11
Social Security
  • The Social Security Act, passed in 1935, was
    designed to provide ____________ and
    _________________ insurance from ______ paid by
    workers and their employers
  • It helped reach the people who could not work,
    like children, the disabled, widows with
    children, and the elderly
  • One drawback is that farm workers were not
    covered by Social Security

12
Government in Georgia
  • In 1933, Georgians elected a new governor
    ___________________
  • He was a ________________ white supremacist who
    did _____ like federal government intervention or
    government debts
  • He really disliked the ______________ programs
  • Instead of using federal money to help the
    unemployed, he would build new roads or highways

13
Talmadges Second Term
  • He was _____________ in 1934
  • He fired officials who ____________ with him
  • He ___________ to follow New Deal regulations and
    the federal government stepped in and ran the
    programs in Georgia
  • Because the Georgia constitution does not allow a
    governor to serve more than 2 consecutive terms,
    he ran for U.S. Senate in 1936, but lost

14
Talmadge Returns
  • In 1940, Talmadge ran for governor again and was
    elected
  • He had softened his stance on the New Deal and
    the economy started __________
  • Talmadge left with a _____ legacy when he
    _________ to allow Georgias colleges to
    ____________ (allow all races to attend)
  • Georgia was cast in a bad light around the
    country
  • Talmadge was ____ re-elected in 1942

15
Questions
  • 1) What struggle was represented in the 1920s?
  • 2) What types of social unrest were present in
    the Roaring Twenties?
  • 3) What destroyed the cotton crop in 1920s
    Georgia?
  • 4) What came in 1924 that destroyed many of
    Georgias farms?
  • 5) What were 4 causes that led up to the Great
    Depression?
  • 6) What ultimately caused the Great Depression in
    1929?
  • 7) What was the term for Roosevelts series of
    laws that were designed to help the economy?
  • 8) What was the purpose of the CCC?
  • 9) What were some CCC projects in Georgia?
  • 10) What did the AAA do?
  • 11) How did the AAA help Georgia?
  • 12) What was a drawback of the AAA?
  • 13) What did the REA do?
  • 14) What was the Social Security Act designed to
    do?

16
More Questions
  • 15) What group was not covered by Social
    Security?
  • 16) Who was elected as Georgias governor in
    1933?
  • 17) How did Talmadge feel about New Deal
    programs?
  • 18) What caused Talmadge to leave office with a
    bad legacy?

17
Questions
  • 1) What struggle was represented in the 1920s?
  • 2) What types of social unrest were present in
    the Roaring Twenties?
  • 3) What destroyed the cotton crop in 1920s
    Georgia?
  • 4) What came in 1924 that destroyed many of
    Georgias farms?
  • 5) What were 4 causes that led up to the Great
    Depression?
  • 6) What ultimately caused the Great Depression in
    1929?
  • 7) What was the term for Roosevelts series of
    laws that were designed to help the economy?
  • 8) What was the purpose of the CCC?
  • 9) What were some CCC projects in Georgia?
  • 10) What did the AAA do?
  • 11) How did the AAA help Georgia?
  • 12) What was a drawback of the AAA?
  • 13) What did the REA do?
  • 14) What was the Social Security Act designed to
    do?

18
More Questions
  • 15) What group was not covered by Social
    Security?
  • 16) Who was elected as Georgias governor in
    1933?
  • 17) How did Talmadge feel about New Deal
    programs?
  • 18) What caused Talmadge to leave office with a
    bad legacy?

19
Questions
  • 1) What struggle was represented in the 1920s?
  • 2) What types of social unrest were present in
    the Roaring Twenties?
  • 3) What destroyed the cotton crop in 1920s
    Georgia?
  • 4) What came in 1924 that destroyed many of
    Georgias farms?
  • 5) What were 4 causes that led up to the Great
    Depression?
  • 6) What ultimately caused the Great Depression in
    1929?
  • 7) What was the term for Roosevelts series of
    laws that were designed to help the economy?
  • 8) What was the purpose of the CCC?
  • 9) What were some CCC projects in Georgia?
  • 10) What did the AAA do?
  • 11) How did the AAA help Georgia?
  • 12) What was a drawback of the AAA?
  • 13) What did the REA do?
  • 14) What was the Social Security Act designed to
    do?

20
More Questions
  • 15) What group was not covered by Social
    Security?
  • 16) Who was elected as Georgias governor in
    1933?
  • 17) How did Talmadge feel about New Deal
    programs?
  • 18) What caused Talmadge to leave office with a
    bad legacy?

21
Questions
  • 1) What struggle was represented in the 1920s?
  • 2) What types of social unrest were present in
    the Roaring Twenties?
  • 3) What destroyed the cotton crop in 1920s
    Georgia?
  • 4) What came in 1924 that destroyed many of
    Georgias farms?
  • 5) What were 4 causes that led up to the Great
    Depression?
  • 6) What ultimately caused the Great Depression in
    1929?
  • 7) What was the term for Roosevelts series of
    laws that were designed to help the economy?
  • 8) What was the purpose of the CCC?
  • 9) What were some CCC projects in Georgia?
  • 10) What did the AAA do?
  • 11) How did the AAA help Georgia?
  • 12) What was a drawback of the AAA?
  • 13) What did the REA do?
  • 14) What was the Social Security Act designed to
    do?

22
More Questions
  • 15) What group was not covered by Social
    Security?
  • 16) Who was elected as Georgias governor in
    1933?
  • 17) How did Talmadge feel about New Deal
    programs?
  • 18) What caused Talmadge to leave office with a
    bad legacy?

23
Questions
  • 1) What struggle was represented in the 1920s?
  • 2) What types of social unrest were present in
    the Roaring Twenties?
  • 3) What destroyed the cotton crop in 1920s
    Georgia?
  • 4) What came in 1924 that destroyed many of
    Georgias farms?
  • 5) What were 4 causes that led up to the Great
    Depression?
  • 6) What ultimately caused the Great Depression in
    1929?
  • 7) What was the term for Roosevelts series of
    laws that were designed to help the economy?
  • 8) What was the purpose of the CCC?
  • 9) What were some CCC projects in Georgia?
  • 10) What did the AAA do?
  • 11) How did the AAA help Georgia?
  • 12) What was a drawback of the AAA?
  • 13) What did the REA do?
  • 14) What was the Social Security Act designed to
    do?

24
More Questions
  • 15) What group was not covered by Social
    Security?
  • 16) Who was elected as Georgias governor in
    1933?
  • 17) How did Talmadge feel about New Deal
    programs?
  • 18) What caused Talmadge to leave office with a
    bad legacy?

25
Questions
  • 1) What struggle was represented in the 1920s?
  • 2) What types of social unrest were present in
    the Roaring Twenties?
  • 3) What destroyed the cotton crop in 1920s
    Georgia?
  • 4) What came in 1924 that destroyed many of
    Georgias farms?
  • 5) What were 4 causes that led up to the Great
    Depression?
  • 6) What ultimately caused the Great Depression in
    1929?
  • 7) What was the term for Roosevelts series of
    laws that were designed to help the economy?
  • 8) What was the purpose of the CCC?
  • 9) What were some CCC projects in Georgia?
  • 10) What did the AAA do?
  • 11) How did the AAA help Georgia?
  • 12) What was a drawback of the AAA?
  • 13) What did the REA do?
  • 14) What was the Social Security Act designed to
    do?

26
More Questions
  • 15) What group was not covered by Social
    Security?
  • 16) Who was elected as Georgias governor in
    1933?
  • 17) How did Talmadge feel about New Deal
    programs?
  • 18) What caused Talmadge to leave office with a
    bad legacy?
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