A musician must make music, an artist must paint, a poet must write, if he is to be ultimately at peace with himself. What a man can be, he must be. -Abraham Maslow - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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A musician must make music, an artist must paint, a poet must write, if he is to be ultimately at peace with himself. What a man can be, he must be. -Abraham Maslow

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A musician must make music, an artist must paint, a poet must write, if he is to be ultimately at peace with himself. What a man can be, he must be. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A musician must make music, an artist must paint, a poet must write, if he is to be ultimately at peace with himself. What a man can be, he must be. -Abraham Maslow


1
A musician must make music, an artist must paint,
a poet must write, if he is to be ultimately at
peace with himself.What a man can be, he must
be.-Abraham Maslow
Can you tell me what Maslow is describing?
Self-actualization!
2
Theories of Emotion
  • Does your heart pound because you are afraid...
    or are you afraid because you feel your heart
    pounding?

3
3 Major Theories of Emotion
  • James-Lange
  • Cannon-Bard
  • Schacter 2 Factor (also referred to as
    Schacter-Singer)

4
James-Lange Theory of Emotion
  • A Physiological Response causes the Emotion

5
Support for James-Lange
  • Subjects report feeling more sad when viewing
    scenes of war, sickness, and starvation if their
    sad face muscles are activated.
  • They also find comic strips funnier if their
    happy face muscles are activated.

This is called the facial feedback effect
6
Criticism of James-Lange
7
Cannon-BardTheory of Emotion
  • The Physiological Response and the Emotion are
    experienced at the SAME TIME

8
Think Two cannons firing at the same time.
Physiological change (heart rate, breathing)
Emotion
9
Schachters Two Factor Theory of Emotion
  • We experience the Physiological Response and
    give it a Cognitive Label and this produces our
    emotions

10
If you are in a falling vehicle heading toward
the ground at 60 mph, your autonomic reaction
would include heart racing and screaming. But if
your cognitive appraisal says you are on a
rollercoaster, then you have the emotion of fun.
11
Reviewing the three theories
Emotion occurs at the same time as arousal
Cannon-Bard
Emotion follows (lags behind) arousal
James-Lange
Arousal Cognitive label ? Emotion
Schachters Two Factor
12
  • Giving the Finger, the Psychology and History
    Thereof By William Weir on February 13, 2009
  • For the study, 54 right-handed subjects read a
    story about a person whose behavior could be
    interpreted as either assertive or hostile. One
    group extended their forefinger while reading,
    another group extended their middle finger. The
    latter group tended to assert that person in the
    essay was hostile, rather than assertive.
  • Which theory is supported by this scenario?

13
Experiencing Emotion
  • Does money buy happiness?

14
Experiencing Emotion
  • Adaptation-Level Phenomenon
  • tendency to form judgments relative to a
    neutral level
  • brightness of lights
  • volume of sound
  • level of income
  • defined by our prior experience
  • This is why winning the lottery would only make
    us happy for a short while. Once the novelty of
    having all that money wears off, we adapt to this
    new level of wealth (or achievement, etc.)
  • Relative Deprivation pony example
  • perception that one is worse off relative to
    those with whom one compares oneself

15
Happiness is...
16
The Concept of Happiness
  • Feel-Good, Do-Good Phenomenon you will be
    helpful more often if you are in a good mood.
  • Subjective Well Being most common measurement
    of happiness, satisfaction, and quality of life.
    Looks at physical as well as economic indicators.

17
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18
Emotion Application
  • Christine is holding her 8 month-old baby when a
    fierce dog appears out of nowhere and, with teeth
    bared, leaps for the babys face. Christine
    immediately ducks for cover to protect the baby,
    screams at the dog, and notices that her heart is
    banging and that shes broken out in a cold
    sweat.
  • How would the James-Lange, Cannon-Bard, and
    Two-Factor Theories explain Christines reaction?
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