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THE AMPLE SCHOOL FUNDING PROJECT

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THE AMPLE SCHOOL FUNDING PROJECT Washington Education Research Network Forum May 12, 2004 THE PROBLEMS. . . PER PUPIL EXPENDITURES WASHINGTON STATE CONSTITUTION DORAN ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE AMPLE SCHOOL FUNDING PROJECT


1
THE AMPLE SCHOOL FUNDING PROJECT
Washington Education Research Network Forum May
12, 2004
2
THE PROBLEMS. . .
  • The state is not currently meeting its
    constitutional obligation to fully fund basic
    education.
  • In addition, the state has added new performance
    standards without the necessary resources to
    accomplish them.

3
PER PUPIL EXPENDITURES
Washingtons per pupil expenditures from all
sources compared to national average, 1959-2000
National standing on K-12 per pupil support
4
WASHINGTON STATE CONSTITUTION
  • Article IX, Section 1 It is the paramount duty
    of the state to make ample provision for the
    education of all students
  • (paramount chief in importance supreme
    preeminent)
  • (ample more than enough enough to fulfill the
    needs or purpose)
  • Websters New World Dictionary

5
DORAN SCHOOL FUNDING CASES FUNDING PRINCIPLES
  • Washingtons current finance system is a
    legislative response to three court decisions in
    interpreting the paramount duty clause of the
    state constitution.
  • The court decisions in 1977,1983 and 1988
    described the states duty under Article IX,
    section 1 of the Washington State Constitution.
    These cases established the following principles
    of school funding
  • Education is the paramount duty of the state
    and takes precedence over all other state
    financial obligations.
  • The Legislature must define basic education and
    provide adequate funding for those programs.

6
FUNDING PRINCIPLES (cont.)
  • Programs considered basic education are
  • Regular Apportionment
  • Vocational Education
  • Special Education
  • Most of Pupil Transportation
  • Transitional Bilingual Education
  • Learning Assistance
  • The funding formula is not cast in concrete it
    is the continuing obligation of the Legislature
    to review the formula as the education system
    evolves and changes.

7
K-12 Finance Studies Were Completed in 2002, 2003
2004
  • The Realities of Education Funding in Washington
    State study showed the long-term decline in
    state support for public schools and increasing
    reliance on special levies. (League of Education
    Voters, December 2002)
  • The What Will It Take study identified a 31
    gap in the funding needed for all students to
    achieve the States education reform standards.
    (Rainier Institute, March 2003)
  • The Washington State School Finances Does Every
    Child Count documented worrisome funding gaps
    especially among our most needy school districts.
    (Washington State PTA, March 2004)

8
Recent K-12 Finance Study Results and Requests
For A State Finance Study Did Not Bear Fruit
  • Various recent studies made it evident that a
    number of problems exist with the current K-12
    funding system.
  • The Governor, the OSPI and many legislators
    called for a state K-12 finance study in 2003.
    The 2003 Legislature chose not to fund a study.
  • In 2004 legislators were asked but did not
    support funding for a COMPREHENSIVE K-12 Finance
    Study. (OSPIs 2004Supplemental Budget Request,
    WASA, WSSDA,WEA.)

9
Why Did WASA Undertake the Ample School Funding
Project?
  • Since the State has elected not to initiate a
    comprehensive funding study, the Washington
    Association of School Administrators has begun a
    two phase project to
  • Substantiate that current state funding levels
    are inadequate to fund Basic Education as
    required, and
  • Continue and initiate studies to establish what
    additional resources are needed to reach the
    states new performance standards.

10
PROJECT TASKS
?
  • Hired a consultant to coordinate and perform the
    first phase of the project.
  • Created a technical analysis advisory panel
    consisting of a core group of experienced fiscal
    and policy analysts committed to assisting the
    project.

?
  • Create an oversight committee for the Project
    with members to be appointed from WASAs K-12
    Finance Study Workgroups and other associations.

11
PROJECT TASKS (cont.)
?
  • Established an Ample School Funding Project Web
    site (www.wasa-oly.org/asfp.htm) to share results
    of the studies.
  • Build a Larger Constituency Group to work
    together as much as possible
  • - WSLFA, AWSP, WSPTA, WSSDA, WEA, SBE,WASC,
    WSASCD, etc.
  • - ESDs and OSPI
  • - Regions (i.e. Puget Sounds SAVE Project)
  • - Local School Districts.

12
THE PROCESS
  • Prepare analysis of the adequacy of funding in
    each of the current basic education programs
    based on the decisions made in School Funding I,
    II, and III and Legislative responses.
  • Identify funding and formula changes needed to
    meet todays Basic Education requirements.
  • Calculate a GAP analysis based on Washington
    States new standards and goals.
  • Propose remedies and solutions to the current
    system to provide ample funds to schools in an
    equitable manner.

13
CURRENT PROJECT STATUS
  • A draft Pupil Transportation Study is available
    on our website documenting problems with the
    states funding formula and resulting
    underfunding in a large number of school
    districts.
  • A draft paper is underway on the Special
    Education Program. Early indications are that
    the state is requiring the use of special excess
    levies to fund this program, something
    specifically prohibited by various school funding
    decisions.
  • The next paper will address the main Basic
    Education program, Apportionment. We expect a
    draft to be available by July or August.

14
EXPECTED USES OF FIRST PHASE OF PROJECT
  • As information is gathered it will be shared with
    legislators, other associations and school
    districts.
  • It may be used to solve one program at a time, or
    may become part of a comprehensive solution.
  • It may increase funding in different ways as part
    of a larger solution.

15
PROJECT TIMELINE
  • May-Dec. 2004 Transportation
  • In-depth 3 district summary
  • Formula adjustment process
  • Finish paper
  • Special Education
  • Complete research
  • Finish paper
  • Apportionment
  • Complete research
  • NERC Survey
  • Formula Adjustment Process
  • Finish Paper
  • Outreach/Collaboration

16
WHY WE CANT WAIT
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