ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS AND OTHER VOLUNTARY INITIATIVES FOR THE ICT INDUSTRY Presented by Melanie Hutchinson on behalf of UNEP - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS AND OTHER VOLUNTARY INITIATIVES FOR THE ICT INDUSTRY Presented by Melanie Hutchinson on behalf of UNEP

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ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS AND OTHER VOLUNTARY INITIATIVES FOR THE ICT INDUSTRY Presented by Melanie Hutchinson on behalf of UNEP s Regional Office for West Asia – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS AND OTHER VOLUNTARY INITIATIVES FOR THE ICT INDUSTRY Presented by Melanie Hutchinson on behalf of UNEP


1
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS AND OTHER
VOLUNTARY INITIATIVES FOR THE ICT
INDUSTRYPresented byMelanie Hutchinsonon
behalf ofUNEPs Regional Office for West
AsiaTo the Regional Seminar on The Role of
ICR in Protecting Man and Environment How to
Limit the Impact of its UseCairo, Egypt, 4-7
October 2004
2
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Development that meets the needs of the present
without compromising the ability of future
generations to meet their own needs World
Commission on Environment and Development, 1987
its not just desirable for business to get
involved in the quest for sustainability, it is
essential. UNEP Executive Director, Dr. Klaus
Toepfer
Global e-Sustainability (GeSI) report to WSSD,
part of Industry as a Partner series
3
THE ROLE OF ICT IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
  • Decoupling communication from resource use e.g.
    telephones, data through e-mail etc.
  • In US in 2002, estimated over 540,000 tonnes of
    CO2 emissions avoided through tele- and
    video-conferencing
  • For UNEP ICT has enabled
  • Online measuring and monitoring for environmental
    assessment
  • Rapid response to environmental emergencies
  • Video- and e-conferencing of expert groups
  • More rapid and resource efficient dissemination
    of information

4
POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF ICT
  • Look inwards to impacts of own activities
  • Energy use
  • Fuel and oil use
  • Impacts of cable laying on landscape and
    biodiversity
  • Transport
  • Ozone depleting substances
  • Waste (process and end-of-life)

5
VOLUNTARY INITIATIVES FOR CONSIDERATION
  • Cleaner Production
  • Environmental Management Systems
  • Awareness and Preparedness for Emergencies at the
    Local Level
  • Global Reporting Initiative
  • Global Compact

6
CLEANER PRODUCTION TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES
7
CLEANER PRODUCTION
  • A new and creative way of thinking about
    products and processes by the continuous
    application of strategies to minimise the
    generation of wastes and emissions
  • A mechanism of innovation and technological
    development for reducing the negative impacts on
    the environment and for increasing profitability

8
CLEANER PRODUCTION
  • Prevention of Pollution

Recycling/ Treatment
Processes
Avoid Pollution
Process Change/ Control Mechanism
Practices
Reduce Pollution
Materials
Efficient Use of Resources
Control Pollution
Products
Material Substitution
9
CLEANER PRODUCTION
  • The Waste Management Hierarchy

REDUCE RE-USE RECOVER PREVENTION RECYCLE RENDE
R HARMLESS CURE DISPOSE
Internal External
10
CLEANER PRODUCTION
  • Life Cycle Assessment

CRADLE
GRAVE
11
CLEANER PRODUCTION
  • Design for the Environment (DfE)

ECONOMIC TECHNICAL ENVIRONMENTAL
Marketable Competitive Cheap to operate Functional Reliable Durable Minimises water and energy Risk reduction Recyclable
12
EXAMPLE FOR ICT
  • Life Cycle of Mobile Telephones and Batteries
  • Initiative for a Sustainable Partnership on
    Environmentally Sound Management of End of Life
    Mobile Phones
  • Emanating form work of Secretariat of Basel
    Convention and UNEP
  • Programme of Work developed, including guidance
    document

13
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
14
THE CONTINUAL IMPROVEMENT LOOP
Planning- Environmental aspects- Legal and
other requirements- Environmental Policy-
Objectives and targets- Environmental Management
Programme
Management Review
Checking and Corrective Action- Monitoring and
measuring- Corrective action- Environmental
management system audit
Implementation and Operation - Structure and
responsibility- Training and awareness-
Communication- EMS documentation- Document and
operational control- Emergency preparedness and
response
15
INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW
  • Once top management commitment confirmed, require
    a baseline review
  • Information to collect will include- what
    environmental management is currently in place?-
    what are the environmental aspects of each part
    of the operation?- what are the inputs,
    throughputs and discharges?- what do we
    currently monitor?
  • Formation of Environment Team, led by
    Environmental Coordinator

16
PLANNINGAspects and Legal Issues
  • Key questions
  • What do we use?
  • What do we lose?
  • What do we waste?
  • What could we harm?
  • What are the risks?
  • What are the laws?

17
THE ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
The policy must include - Top level commitment-
Regulatory compliance- Continual improvement-
Pollution prevention It must be-
Communicated- Publicly available
18
OBJECTIVES AND TARGETS
What we want and when we want it by.
19
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROGRAMMES
  • Must have
  • Clear objectives and targets
  • Clear deadlines
  • Clear ownership
  • Monitoring strategies
  • Adequate resourcing (time and financial)
  • Everyone must understand the role they have to
    play

20
COMMUNICATION AND TRAINING
  • Effective communication is a key part of EMS.
  • Communication should be 2 way and
  • Communication should be both internal and
    external.
  • Types of training include
  • Induction
  • Specific teams
  • Departments/Sections
  • Whole organisation

21
SYSTEM DOCUMENTATION
  • ISO14001 requires
  • An EMS manual
  • Registers of aspects and regulations
  • Environmental procedures for each activity
  • Process and operating instructions
  • Emergency preparedness procedures
  • Training and machine manuals
  • Analytical and monitoring methods

22
DOCUMENT CONTROL
We dont need these old results anymore
I know I put that paper somewhere
23
OPERATIONAL CONTROL
What procedures and work instructions are needed
to make sure that the environmental aspects are
managed?
24
EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS
What accidents and emergencies could occur?
How can we minimise the environmental impacts
25
CHECKING AND CORRECTIVE ACTION
An EMS requires you toMonitor it.Record
it.Check it..and if something is
wrongCorrect or prevent it! EMS Audit
26
TOP MANAGEMENT REVIEW
Weve achieved most of our targets
But how can we improve to achieve all of them
next year?
27
INTRODUCTION TO APELL
  • APELL AWARENESS AND PREPAREDNESS FOR
    EMERGENCIES AT THE LOCAL LEVEL
  • A tool developed and promoted by UNEP to improve
    preparedness and response to environmental
    emergencies

28
DISASTERS DO OCCUR!
Earthquake
Explosion
Transport accident
Flooding
Threatening- Lives- Health- Environment-
Property
Fire
Landslide
Emissions from power/nuclear plants
Oil spill
Storm/ hurricane
Dam failure
Forest fire
29
AN EXAMPLE THE NETHERLANDS
A normal city in the Netherlands, until 12 May
2000
30
(No Transcript)
31
THE APELL PROCESS
INTEGRATED COMMUNITY EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN
APELL Process
32
Initiate APELL
Review needs for training and resources
Conduct APELL Workshop
Test
Create/revise emergency response plan
Assess
Set up APELL Coordinating Group
Hazard identification/ evaluation
Review existing plans
33
  • Joint venture between UNEP and the Coalition for
    Environmentally Responsible Economies (CERES) to
    establish a common framework for sustainability
    reporting
  • Established in 1997
  • Long-term, multi-stakeholder, international
    undertaking whose mission is to develop and
    disseminate globally applicable sustainability
    reporting guidelines for voluntary use by
    organisations reporting on the economic,
    environmental and social dimensions of their
    activities, products and services.

34
GLOBAL REPORTING INITIATIVE
  • GRI Objective is to help organisations report
    information in a way that
  • Presents a clear picture of the human and
    ecological impacts of business to facilitate
    informed decisions about investments, purchases
    and partnerships
  • Provides stakeholders with reliable information
    that is relevant to their needs and interests and
    that invites further stakeholder dialogue and
    enquiry
  • Provides a management tool to help the reporting
    organisation evaluate and continuously improve
    its performance and progress
  • Complements, not replaces, other reporting
    standards, including financial
  • Emphasises the relationship among the
    threelinked elements of sustainability

35
GLOBAL COMPACT
  • A vision of the UN Secretary General, Kofi Annan,
    introduced in a speech to the World Economic
    Forum in 1999, and formally launched in July
    2000.
  • A multi-stakeholder network bringing business
    together with UN, governments, labour, NGOs and
    others to advance responsible corporate
    citizenship.
  • Based on internationally accepted principles
  • Universal Declaration on Human Rights
  • ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and
    Rights at Work
  • Rio Declaration on Environment and Development

36
GLOBAL COMPACT
  • Based on 9 principles
  • Support and respect the protection of
    international human rights within their sphere of
    influence
  • Ensure their own corporations are not complicit
    in human rights abuses
  • Uphold the freedom of association and the
    effective recognition of the right to collective
    bargaining
  • Elimination of all forms of forced and compulsory
    labour
  • Effective abolition of child labour
  • Elimination of discrimination in respect of
    employment and occupation
  • Support the precautionary approach to
    environmental challenges
  • Undertake initiatives to promote greater
    environmental responsibility
  • Encourage the development and diffusion of
    environmentally friendly technologies.

37
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
  • Application of voluntary initiatives is a win-win
    situation
  • Reduced costs of production
  • Pollution prevention approach
  • Conservation of energy
  • Reduced waste and emissions
  • Improved relationship with stakeholders
  • Recommendations
  • Participate in the Initiative for a Sustainable
    Partnership on Environmentally Sound Management
    of End of Life Mobile Phones
  • Implementation of recommendations of GeSI report
  • Measuring and publicly reporting environmental
    performance
  • Enhancing product stewardship to minimize energy
    and resource use
  • Building engagement with stakeholders
  • Consider enrolment in the Global Compact
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