The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League

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Title: Slide 1 Author: ravoashley Last modified by: ravoashley Created Date: 11/5/2008 12:32:50 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Company – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League


1
The All-American Girls Professional Baseball
League
  • By Ashley Ravo

2
Why was the league started?
During the year 1942, many men had been going to
fight in World War II. Many baseball players had
felt it was their duty as Americans to fight for
our country, so there were many men that left
their teams to fight in the war. A lot of minor
league teams had disbanded because of the lack of
players, and people feared that this would happen
in the major leagues. Philip Wrigley, owner of
the Chicago Cubs at the time, decided something
needed to be done to help save baseball fields
from collapsing. With the help of Ken Sells, the
assistant manager of the Cubs, the idea of
creating a girls baseball league had been born.
3
How did the league get started?
  • Wrigley provided the financial support needed to
    start the league.
  • Ken Sells was named president of the league.
  • The league allowed 10 players on the field, the
    same base running rules as the MLB, and a smaller
    size field then MLB players used but it was also
    larger than a softball field.
  • Jim Hamilton was put in charge of recruiting
    members to play in the league. Several cities
    had tryouts, but only 280 women made the cut to
    go to the final tryouts. Final tryouts reduced
    the amount of players to 60 before the first
    season started.

4
How were the teams formed?
  • Teams had 15 players, a manager, a business
    manager, and a woman chaperone.
  • Managers were mostly former major league players
  • Players earned 45 to 85 a week.
  • When teams were put together, league officials
    tried to balance the talent of each team to make
    the league more competitive.
  • Trades were made mid-season sometimes in order to
    maintain the balance of teams and keep the
    competitive aspect of the league.
  • The 1940s icon Rosie the Riveter was an
    inspiration to women and made them feel
    comfortable taking a mans position while they
    were at war. This icon was part of the reason
    why women felt they could try out for the league.

5
Uniforms
  • Uniforms were short skirted dresses that had the
    team symbol embroidered on the chest.
  • Satin shorts were worn under the dresses.
  • Knee socks and a hat were also worn.
  • The uniforms were designed by Mrs. Wrigley,
    Wrigleys Art Designer, Otis Shepard, and Ann
    Harnett.

6
Charm School
  • Before women joined the league, they were given a
    pamphlet that explained their beauty routines
    they had to complete every day.
  • The league wanted to model the All-American
    Girl so they made sure the ladies took good care
    of themselves and looked nice when they were in
    public or playing in a game.
  • Charm School also included teaching the girls
    proper behavior in public.

7
Chaperones
  • Each team in the league was assigned a female
    chaperone.
  • Players had to have the places they stayed and
    ate at during the season approved by the team
    chaperone.
  • Players could go to chaperones with personal
    problems they wanted to talk about.

8
1943 First Year of League Play
  • Only four teams played in 1943.
  • A total of 108 games were played.
  • 176,612 people came to the games in the first
    year of play. Gasoline and other staple items
    were rationed during the war forcing people to
    spend time close to home.
  • Women were inspired by the players taking what is
    usually a mans job. the league encouraged
    women to get jobs that supported the war.
  • The league also promoted patriotism during the
    war.

9
1944 Expanding the League
  • The 1944 season brought two new teams into the
    league the Milwaukee Chicks and the Minneapolis
    Millerettes.
  • These teams lasted for only one season because
    Wrigley didnt have the skilled businessmen in
    these cities that he needed to support and
    promote the teams.
  • In the beginning of the 1944 season, Wrigley
    realized that the MLB teams would not have to
    disband because of the war, so he sold the league
    to Arthur Meyerhoff .

10
1945 The Addition of Two New Teams
1945 Grand Rapid Chicks
  • In 1945, the Fort Wayne Daisies and the Grand
    Rapid Chicks were added to the league and
    remained in the league until it officially
    disbanded.
  • Junior leagues were organized by the AAGPL for
    girls over 14 looking to play baseball.
  • Attendance had increased from Meyerhoffs strong
    advertising.

11
1946-1954
  • Two more teams were added to the league in 1946
    the Muskegon Lassies and the Peoria Redwings.
  • In 1948, the league added two more teams to the
    league. The league had ten teams, the most it
    ever had, in 1948 and again in 1950.
  • After the 1950 season, the league dropped two
    teams, and then two more teams in 1953.
  • The league officially disbanded in 1954.

12
Why did the league disband in 1954?
  • World War II ended in 1945, so men had been
    returning home and the famous MLB players that
    had left the league to fight were returning home
    bringing baseball fans back to the major league
    parks.
  • Television was beginning to become popular and
    MLB games were aired on TV.
  • AAGPBL games were not aired on TV, making
    competition between the leagues almost
    impossible.

13
A League of Their Own
  • The AAGPBL was the idea portrayed in the movie
    A League of Their Own.
  • The movie was written by Kelly Candaele. His
    mother and aunt played in the league, but they
    did not pitch or catch like the main characters
    in the movie did.
  • All of the characters in the movie were
    fictional, but the movie did give an accurate
    idea of what the league was like.
  • In the movie, the characters did flashy things
    when they were on the field. In real life
    players never did these stunts.

14
How did the league have an economic affect on
society?
  • During the depression and World War II, women
    were only responsible for taking care of their
    homes and children rather then having a job.
  • The league offered its players social mobility
    and good incomes that improved their life chances
    and provided and opportunity to get a better
    education.
  • The AAGPBL did not have to play in the Major
    League parks to help them financially, but they
    did help make money for the towns where the games
    were held.

15
How did the league change societys view on women?
  • Before World War II, women had a certain role at
    home that included cleaning, cooking, and taking
    care of the children a typical housewife.
  • When the league started, it was realized that
    women can do more than just their duties at home.
  • The league inspired the womens professional golf
    league to start which still exists today.
  • Women now have jobs other than their jobs at home
    that back before WWII they would leave for a man
    to have.

16
Thank you for listening!
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