Cole crop are mainly grown in cold weather during winter season in India. Cole crops are grown by transplanting seedlings grown in nurseries. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Cole crop are mainly grown in cold weather during winter season in India. Cole crops are grown by transplanting seedlings grown in nurseries.

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Broccoli Nursery Management. Broccoli seeds are sown or dibbled on seed bed. Nursery management practices are similar to other Cole crops. Seed Rate: 500 gram /ha . – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Cole crop are mainly grown in cold weather during winter season in India. Cole crops are grown by transplanting seedlings grown in nurseries.


1
Introduction
  • Cole crop are mainly grown in cold weather
    during winter season in India. Cole crops are
    grown by transplanting seedlings grown in
    nurseries.
  • Major Cole crop vegetables are
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Knol-khol
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels sprout

2
Some Cole Vegetables
Broccoli Brussels sprout Cabbage
Cauliflower Collard greens
Knol-khol
3
Cabbage Nursery Management
  • Cabbage seeds are sown on seed beds and 4-6 weeks
    old seedlings are transplanted into field.
    Production of seedlings for early plantation
    requires protective structures while mid or late
    plantation do not.
  • Soil Nursery soil should be in good tilth, free
    from diseases, pest and weed. The seed beds are
    disinfected by drenching or sterilization.
  • Seed Rate 200-500 g seed /ha. 1 g seeds 100
    seeds .
  • Nursery Area 200-300 sq m for one ha plantation.
  • Sowing Seed should be sow in rows at 1.5-2.0 cm
    depth.

4
Cabbage Nursery Management
  • Nutrients FYM _at_ 500 kg, nitrogen _at_1-2 kg,
    phosphorus _at_ 2- 3 kg and potash 6- 8 kg applied
    for 300 square meter nursery area.
  • Irrigation Optimum irrigation helps rapid and
    effective germination.
  • Mulching Mulching of seed beds with straw or
    polythene or gunny bags would help to retain
    moisture, prevent growth of weeds and avoid
    washing away of seed with water. Mulching
    material should be removed just before the
    emergence of the seedlings.
  • Optimum Temperatures 15-200C.

5
Cabbage
6
Cauliflower
Cauliflower Nursery Management
  • Cauliflower is grown from seed. Nursery bed
    preparation and raising of seedling depend on
    climatic factor.
  • Sowing Time and Seed Rate
  • Seed Rate 600gm/ha. 1 gram 170 seeds
  • Seed Treatment Soaking of seeds in water for 4-5
    hours improves germination.

Locality Type of Variety Time of sowing
Hilly Area Early April
Plains Mid Middle of June
Plains Late Middle of September
7
Cauliflower Nursery Management
  • Raising Seedling Seedling are raised on formalin
    sterilized raised beds of size 120 cm long X 60
    cm wide X15 cm height. Seed are thinly sown 1.5
    to 2 cm deep in lines with 5-7 cm apart.
    Seedlings are ready for transplanting in 3-4
    weeks. Seed beds are mulched with dry leaves and
    removed after germination.
  • Seed Treatment Seeds dipped in HgCl2 1 gm/lit/kg
    seeds for control soft rot and black rot diseases.

8
Brussels Sprouts Nursery Management
  • Brussels Sprouts are propagated by seed sown in
    nursery beds.
  • Season of Sowing
  • Early August to September
  • Late November to January
  • Spacing 5X5 cm
  • Seed Rate 300-400 gram. (1 gram 100 seeds)
  • Nursery seedlings are grown similar to other Cole
    crops.

9
Knol-khol Nursery Management
  • Knol-khol is propagated by seed on nursery beds.
    5-6 weeks old seedling are transplanted to main
    field. Nursery management is similar to other
    Cole crops
  • Season of Sowing
  • Early March-April in Northern Hills
  • Late September - October in North India
  • Seed rate 2.20 to 2.80 kg/ha.

10
Broccoli Nursery Management
  • Broccoli seeds are sown or dibbled on seed bed.
    Nursery management practices are similar to
    other Cole crops
  • Seed Rate 500 gram /ha
  • Sowing time October to November
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