How to Write a Winning Research Proposal - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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How to Write a Winning Research Proposal


How to Write a Winning Research Proposal Principal Components of Research Proposals Properly fit with sponsorship view points Represented by examiners (refer the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: How to Write a Winning Research Proposal

How to Write a Winning Research Proposal
Principal Components of Research Proposals
  • Properly fit with sponsorship view points
  • Represented by examiners (refer the winning

Weaknesses in Research Proposals
  • Research Problem
  • Unfocused Research Theme (difficult to evaluate)
  • Problem Statement too complex
  • Unimportant Methods (see reference)
  • Limited relevance, benefits
  • Not properly fit with sponsorship
  • Represented by examiners (refer the winning

Weaknesses in Research Proposals
  • Research Design
  • Unfocused Research Design (difficult to evaluate)
  • Inappropriate design, produce impossible data
  • Inappropriate procedures for problem
  • Lacking controls
  • Not properly fit with sponsorship
  • Represented by examiners (refer the winning

Proposal Characteristics
  • Straightforward document
  • No extraneous or irreverent material
  • The first words are the most important
  • Not a literary production
  • Clear, sharp and precise
  • economy of words no rambling sentences
  • Clearly organized
  • Structurally outline your thinking (heading etc)

Components of the Research Proposal
  • Second Part
  • Deliverables
  • Schedule
  • Facilities and Special Resources
  • References
  • Budget Appendix
  • First Part
  • Research Problem Description
  • Research Objectives
  • Literature Review
  • Importance/Benefits of the Study
  • Research Design

1. Problem Statement
  • What is the Current Status of Problem
  • Current Problem, Current Methods, Current
  • Scope of your focus on Current Status of
    Problem (nationally, internationally)
  • Why change the current status and how
  • What the dilemma behind (current methods,
  • Why we like to change (current methods, analysis)
  • How we change the Current Status
  • Brief explanation, explain thoroughly in methods

Tricks on Writing Problem Statement
  • Reread and adjust your proposal to the need of
    the problem of the sponsor
  • Convince the sponsor to continue reading your
  • Your method self explanatory about your
    ability to solve the problem

Purpose of the Problem Statement
  • Clearly write your own angle on the problem
  • Clearly state the reason behind your proposal
  • Specifies the condition(s) you want to change
  • Supported by evidence (prior research by you)
  • Show your prior research on the topic (results,
    publish paper)
  • Even if the problem is obvious, your reviewers
    want to know how clearly you can state it

2. Research Objectives
  • How you like to change current status
  • state your hypotheses clearly
  • give the reviewer a concrete, achievable goal
  • Verify the consistency of the proposal
  • checking to see that each objective is discussed
    in the research design, data analysis and results

Tricks on Research Objectives
  • Flows naturally from Problem Statement to
    Research Objectives
  • Focus, concise and logically explained
  • Consistent with your ability in the real problem
    (track record, publish paper etc)
  • Take a look at the winning proposal for each
    sponsorship reflecting their way of thinking
  • Scope of the Sponsor about those ideas (your idea
    and ability must be properly match)

Purpose of the Research Objectives Section
  • Specify the outcome of your project, the end
  • Keep you objectives
  • Specific indicate precisely what you intend to
    change through your project
  • Measurable what you accept as proof of project
  • Logical how each objective contributes to
    systematically to achieving your overall goal

Writing Tips for Objectives Section
  • Dont confuse your objectives (ends) with you
    methods (means).
  • A good objective emphasizes what will be done,
    whereas a method will explain why or how it will
    be done.
  • Include goals (ultimate) and objectives

3. Literature Review
  • Recent or historically significant research
  • Always refer to the original source
  • Discuss how the literature applies, show the
    weaknesses in the design, discuss how you would
    avoid similar problems
  • Where is your position on this issue
  • How is your idea different/better?

Write down what you already gain in the first
session of this workshop
4. Importance/Benefits of the Study
  • Importance of the doing the study
  • Time and Place, Facilities
  • What are the potential impact on
  • Research community
  • Applications community
  • If you find this difficult to write, then most
    likely you have not understood the problem

5. Research Design
  • What you are going to do in technical terms.
  • May contain many subsections
  • Be specific about what research methodology you
    will use and why
  • Provide details of your proposed solutions to the
    problem and sub-problems
  • Provide information for tasks such as sample
    selection, data collection, instrumentation,
    validation, procedures etc

Purpose of the Research Design
  • Describes your project activities in detail
  • Indicates how your objective will be accomplished
  • Description should include the sequence, flow,
    and interrelationship of activities
  • It should discuss the risks of your method, and
    indicate why your success is probable
  • Relate what is unique about your approach.

Writing Tips for Research Design
  • Begin with your objectives
  • Describe the precise steps you will follow to
    carry out each objective, including what will be
    done, and who will do it.
  • Keep asking and answering the Whats next?
  • Once you have determined the sequence of events,
    derive into a time-and-task chart

5. References
  • Up-to-date
  • Highly relevant with the problem
  • Original source
  • First Order Journal Publications and Books
  • Second Order Proceeding Publications
  • Third Order Technical Report
  • Dont include private communications
  • Dont cite support for common knowledge
    (weakening yourself)

Reference and Citation
  • Carefully relate your new work to existing work,
    show how your work builds on previous knowledge,
    and how it differs from other relevant results.
  • References demonstrate the claims of new,
    knowledge of the research area, pointers to
    background reading

6. Schedule
  • Include the major phases of the project
  • exploratory studies, data analysis, report

7. Deliverables
  • Measurement instruments
  • Algorithms
  • Computer programs / prototypes
  • Comparative evaluation
  • Other technical reports

8. Budget and Resources
  • Access to special systems or computers
  • specialized computer algorithms
  • Itemized Budget
  • Budget Narrative
  • This part is usually an appendix.

Suggested Organization
  • Title, Abstract, Keywords
  • Introduction and Overview
  • Background information problem statement
  • Hypotheses and objectives
  • Assumptions and delimitations
  • Importance and benefits
  • Related Work/Literature Review
  • Research Design and Methodology
  • Plan of Work and Outcomes
  • Conclusions and Future Work
  • References
  • Budget (appendix)

Strengthening Your Proposal
  • Review checklist for features of proposal
  • Peer Review before submit

Guide to Writing the Research Proposal
5 Key Questions to Answer in Your Problem
  • Does your problem statement
  • Demonstrate a precise understanding of the
    problem you are attempting to solve?
  • Clearly convey the focus of your project early in
    the narrative?
  • Indicate the relationship of your project to a
    larger set of problems and justify why your
    particular focus has been chosen?
  • Demonstrate that your problem is feasible to
  • Make others what to read it further?

5 Key Questions to Answer for Purpose and
  • Does this section
  • Clearly describe your projects objective,
    hypotheses and/or research question?
  • Bury them in a morass of narrative?
  • Demonstrate that your objectives are important,
    significant and timely?
  • Include objectives that comprehensively describe
    the intended outcomes of the project?
  • State objectives, hypothesis or questions in a
    way they can be evaluated or tested later

Key Questions to Answer for Research Design/Data
  • Does the research design and data analysis
  • Describe why analysis is needed in the project?
  • Clearly identify the purpose of your analysis?
  • Demonstrate that an appropriate analysis
    procedure is included for each project objective
  • Provide a general organizational plan or model?
  • Demonstrate what information will be needed to
    complete the analysis, the potential sources and
    the instruments that will be used to collect it.

Additional Considerations
Scientific Writing
  • Prosaic (ordinary and not showing any
  • Clear, accurate, but not dull (membosankan)
  • To the point but not over condensing
  • Ego less you are writing for the readers not

Scientific Tone
  • Objective and accurate
  • To inform not entertain
  • Do not over qualify modify every claim with
    caveats and cautions
  • Use examples if they aid in clarification
  • Use to contrast a new idea with some impossibly
    bad alternative, to put the new idea in a
    favorable light

Scientific Motivation
  • Brief summaries at the beginning and end of each
  • The connection between one paragraph and the next
    should be obvious
  • Make sure your reader has sufficient knowledge to
    understand what follows

Citation Style
  • References should not be anonymous
  • Other work 6 -gt Marsden 6 has
  • In self-references, readers should know that you
    are using yourself to support your argument not
    independent authorities
  • Avoid unnecessary discussion of references,
    Several authors ., we cite

Citation style
  • Ordinal-number style, name-and-date style,
    superscripted ordinal numbers, and strings.
  • Use anyone, but use one!
  • Entries ordered
  • By appearance of citation
  • alphabetically

  • Anyone who made a contribution
  • Advice, proofreading, technical support, funding
  • Dont list your family, unless they really
    contributed to the scientific contents

  • Dont
  • Present opinions as fact
  • Distort truths
  • Plagiarize
  • Imply that previously published results are
  • Papers available on the internet authors put
    out an informal publication and becomes accepted
    as a formal. It is expected that the informal
    version will be removed
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