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Theology of Sacred Scripture: Understanding the Bible and It

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Title: Theology of Sacred Scripture: Understanding the Bible and It


1
Theology of Sacred ScriptureUnderstanding the
Bibleand Its Message
2
Chapter 1Preparing for the Journey
3
Homework
  • (due Weds., 9 /4)
  • Watch tutorial for Learning Futures Initiative
    online course, and complete all the steps (login,
    etc.) http//www.youtube.com/watch?vCIuMltcvBNo
    featureyoutu.be
  • Read know What is the LFI? under
    Introduction to the LFI on your JVLA course
    page.

4
Homework
  • (due Thurs., 9 /5)
  • Under Intro to LFI, do Students Say Hello to
    each other!
  • Under Project One, complete the Official
    Survey.
  • In notebook, write 3 questions about the Bible
    about which you are curious/interested

5
Homework
  • (due Fri., 9 /6)
  • Print out NOTES Ch. 1 Preparing for the Journey
  • Read highlight pp. 14-17 RQs, p.17 (in
    notebook)
  • Acquire all necessary items under Resources
    Needed on our Course Description sheet.

6
Homework
  • (due Mon., 9 /9)
  • Write out 3 arguments for and 3 against the
    existence of God prepare to debate.
  • (due Tues., 9/10)
  • Print, read annotate article on existence of
    God, acc. to your opinions http//www.existence-o
    f-god.com/existence-of-god.html
  • (Optional Read links to dig deeper!)

7
Homework
  • (due Weds., 9/11)
  • Final preps for God trial, acc. to your role
  • (due Thurs., 9/12)
  • RH (read and highlight) pp. 17-21 RQs p. 21

8
Homework
  • (due Fri., 9/13)
  • RH pp. 22-29 RQs pp. 26 29
  • (due Mon., 9/16)
  • Study for Test Review on
  • Ch. 1 of text
  • PPt notes
  • Online article on Existence of God
  • (due Tues., 9/17)
  • TEST on above

9
Homework
  • (due Weds., 9/18)
  • RH article on Lectio Divina
  • Choose 1 of the passages at end of article or
    from Life and Faith Issues (last page) and
    practice steps of lectio divina write your
    reflection in notebook.

10
Bible Defined
  • All books of OT NT approved by authority of
    Church
  • Bible the Books ( ta biblia,in Gk.)
  • Bible Gods Word revealed in human words

11
Testament?
  • pact, agreement, covenant
  • OT made thru Moses gt Jews
  • NT Jesus gt All Peoples

12
Canon of the Bible
  • Canon official list of inspired books of the
    Bible
  • Canonicity issue of how books are determined as
    canonical

13
Canon of the Bible
  • When? 393 A.D. Council of Hippo (other Councils
    affirmed same)
  • Which?
  • OT 46
  • NT 27
  • Bible 73

14
Canon of the Bible
  • Who ?
  • Church authority, given by Christ, inspired by
    H.Sp.
  • Why?
  • Apostolic origin
  • Widespread acceptance
  • Conformity to the rule of faith

15
Deutero-canonical books
  • Deutero-canonical Books 7 Books accepted by
    Catholic ChurchWhy?
  • from Alexandrian Canon
  • The AC based on Septuagint, Greek OT
  • Jesus apostles knew, read accepted
    Septuagint.
  • These books not found in versions of Bible based
    on older Hebrew canon

16
Deutero-canonical books
  • Tobit
  • Judith
  • Wisdom
  • Sirach
  • Baruch
  • 1 Maccabees
  • 2 Maccabees
  • (also parts of Esther Daniel)

17
Coming to Know God
  • The desire for God is written in the human heart
    because man is created by God and for God.
  • -CCC,27

18
We can know God through
  • Human reason
  • Our discovery of God
  • Divine Revelation
  • God manifesting (showing) Himself to us

19
Proofs for God?
  • Proofs tests
  • Probare (Latin) to test, probe
  • Evidence to be put to the test of reason

20
1. Cosmological Argument
  • God Unmoved Mover or First Cause of
    everything
  • There must be a source from which all else exists

21
2. Ontological Argument
  • God Ultimate Perfect Being
  • There must be that than which nothing greater
    can be thought, a.k.a. God

22
3. Teleological Argument
  • Argument from design
  • The universe has an order or design there must
    be a designer, a.k.a. God

23
4. Moral Argument
  • Morality exists objectively, ie. apart from our
    opinions
  • Where did we get this sense of right wrong?
  • God Creator of the Moral Law

24
We can know God through
  • Human reason
  • Our discovery of God
  • Divine Revelation
  • God manifesting (showing) Himself to us

25
Divine Revelation
  • God is known by human reason, but
  • God took first step/initiative in revealing
    Himself to man so
  • God makes Himself known and we are able to know
    Him

26
Divine Rev. Why Necessary?
  • Need for God to show what reason cant arrive at
    on its own (eg. Miracles)
  • Need for God to give certitude about things
    reason can arrive at (eg. that killing is wrong)

27
Divine Rev. What is it?
  • God communicates Himself to man, making known His
    plan
  • Story of it (in Scripture) Salvation History
  • Fullness of it Jesus Christ, God Himself
    revealed in the flesh

28
Magisterium interprets
  • Depositum Fidei (Deposit of Faith) 2 places
    where Gods revelation (what He has done said)
    is deposited
  • Sacred Tradition (traditio pass on)
  • Sacred Scripture (Bible)

29
Interpreting the Bible
  • 3 Rules of Catholic interpretation
  • Content unity of whole Scripture
  • w/in living Tradition of Church
  • Attention to analogy of faith, ie. how truths
    of faith fit together as a whole

30
The two senses of Scripture
  • Literal sense
  • Actual meaning of words
  • Spiritual sense
  • Deeper meaning
  • Allegorical
  • Moral
  • Anagogical

31
Skills for Biblical Scholarship
  • Biblical languages
  • Other ancient writings (pseudepigrapha)
  • Archaeology

32
Dead Sea Scrolls
What was found? 800 documentsmostly fragments 200 biblical
When were they found? Between 1947 and 1956
Where were they found? 11 caves at Qumran (near the Dead Sea)
Why are they important? Closer to originals by 1,000 yrs., giving clearer picture of biblical times
33
Biblical Inspiration defined
  • Principle Author God (Holy Spirit)
  • H. Sp. guided human authors to write, in their
    own style, words, etc. the truth He was revealing
    to them
  • How?

34
Theories of Inspiration
  • Divine Dictation Writer robot
  • Negative Assistance Spirit watchdog
  • Positive Assistance Spirit writer team

35
Extent of Inspiration
  • Pope Leo XIII in P.D. Bible in all its parts is
    inspired (not just faith morals)
  • Whole Bible Word of God but
  • Inspired truth not literal truth

36
Inerrancy of Scripture
  • Scientific errors?
  • Creation/evolution
  • Historical errors?
  • Dates

Since it is inspired, the Bible is free from
error in matters of salvation, that is, our
eternal relationship with God
37
Bible divided into


38
Bible divided into
Old Testament

39
Bible divided into
Old Testament
New Testament
40
Jewish Classification of OT
  • Torah (Law)
  • Neviim (Prophets)
  • Ktuviim (Writings)

41
O.T. divided into
NT (27) NT (27) NT (27) NT (27)
OT
42
O.T. divided into
NT (27) NT (27) NT (27) NT (27)
Torah (5) OT
43
O.T. divided into
NT (27) NT (27) NT (27) NT (27)
Torah (5) OT Historical (18)
44
O.T. divided into
NT (27) NT (27) NT (27) NT (27)
Torah (5) OT Historical (18) Prophetic (16)
45
O.T. divided into
NT (27) NT (27) NT (27) NT (27)
Torah (5) OT Historical (18) (46) Prophetic (16) Wisdom (7)
46
N.T. divided into
NT
OT OT OT OT
47
N.T. divided into
Gospels (4) NT
OT OT OT OT
48
N.T. divided into
Gospels (4) Acts (1) NT
OT OT OT OT
49
N.T. divided into
Gospels (4) Acts (1) NT Letters (21)
OT OT OT OT
50
N.T. divided into
Gospels (4) Acts (1) NT Letters (21) (27) Revelation (1)
OT OT OT OT
51
Complete Structure of Bible
Gospels (4) Acts (1) NT Letters (21) (27) Revelation (1)
Torah (5) OT Historical (18) (46) Prophetic (16) Wisdom (7)
52
Interpreting the Bible
  • Critical reading
  • Context of the text?
  • History
  • Culture
  • Language
  • Literary form/style
  • Lectio Divina
  • sacred reading
  • Deep, personal
  • Praying the Scriptures

53
Lectio Divina
  • Lectio (slow, attentive reading
  • Meditatio (thinking, reflecting on text
  • Oratio ( thoughts gt conversation w/ God)
  • Contemplatio ( wordsgt silence )
  • Resolution decide to act on your lectio
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