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Security and Emergency Preparedness for Small Water and Wastewater Systems

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Security and Emergency Preparedness for Small Water and Wastewater Systems Rural Community Assistance Partnership (RCAP) RCAP s Approach Link vulnerability ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Security and Emergency Preparedness for Small Water and Wastewater Systems


1
Security and Emergency Preparedness for Small
Water and Wastewater Systems
  • Rural Community Assistance Partnership (RCAP)

2
RCAPs Approach
  • Link vulnerability assessment, risk reduction,
    and emergency preparedness measures to ongoing
    tasks of system management and operation.
  • Emphasis is on training elected officials serving
    on Boards and Councils.

3
Sanitary Surveys Vulnerability Assessments
A Comparison
  • The EPA/State Joint Guidance on Sanitary Surveys
    (December 1995) outlines eight elements as
    integral components of a sanitary survey.
  • The 2002 Bioterrorism Act requires the VA to
    include a review of six areas.

4
The EPA/State Joint Guidance on Sanitary Surveys
(December 1995)
  • Water source
  • Treatment
  • Distribution system
  • Finished water storage
  • Pumps, pump facilities, and controls
  • Monitoring, reporting, and data verification
  • Water system management and operations and
  • Operator compliance with State requirements.

5
Required areas to review in a VA based on the
2002 Bioterrorism Act
  • Electronic, computer, or other automated systems
    that are utilized by the public water system
  • The use, storage, or handling of various
    chemicals and
  • The operation and maintenance of that system.
  • Pipes and constructed conveyances
  • Physical barriers
  • Water collection, pre- treatment, treatment,
    storage, and distribution facilities

6
  • Vulnerability Assessment Process
  • Inventory critical system components.
  • Identify vulnerabilities.
  • Identify actions to address vulnerabilities.
  • Prioritize actions.
  • from ASDWA/NRWA tool
  • Asset Management Process
  • Take inventory.
  • Prioritize assets.
  • Develop an asset management plan.
  • Implement the plan.
  • Review and revise plan.
  • from Asset Management A Handbook for Small Water
    Systems, EPA 816-R-03-016

7
(No Transcript)
8
What happens if the system or source water is
contaminated?
  • Who will respond to the emergency?
  • Who will alert community members in order to
    prevent further illness and death?

9
  • What if there is no available water to fight
    fires?
  • What if the main pumping station and all access
    roads fail?
  • Who would you call?

10
  • What if a disgruntled employee or vandal taps
    into the distribution line?
  • Do town employees know how to isolate the line,
    and who to notify?
  • Who is responsible for notifying police,
    emergency crews, and the public if there is an
    emergency?
  • Who is responsible for returning water service to
    normal operations? What will it cost? Where will
    the money come from?

11
Emergency Response Plan Core Elements
  • System-Specific Information
  • CWS Roles and Responsibilities
  • Communication Procedures
  • Personnel Safety
  • Identification of Alternate Water Sources
  • Replacement Equipment and Chemical Supplies
  • Property Protection
  • Water Sampling and Monitoring
  • From EPAs Emergency Response Plan Guidance for
    Small and Medium Community Water Systems

12
1. System-Specific Information
  • System ID or discharge , population served and
    service connections
  • Sanitary survey (if a water system)
  • Standard operating procedures and system
    description
  • Distribution map with pressure zones, or
    collection map with lift stations, and flow
    diagrams
  • Site plans and facility as-built engineering
    drawings
  • Communications system operation
  • Chemical handling and/or storage facilities
  • Site Staffing Rosters and Employees Duties and
    Responsibilities

13
2. Community Water System Roles and
Responsibilities
  • Hierarchy of decision-makers
  • Emergency Response Leader
  • Alternate Emergency Response Leader
  • Incident Command System (ICS)

14
3. Communication Procedures
  • Who are the first-responders and how can they be
    contacted?
  • Internal notification list
  • External non-CWS notification list
  • Public notification and instruction
  • Mitigation

15
4. Personnel Safety
  • Protective equipment
  • Evacuation plans
  • Communication channels with emergency personnel

16
5. Identification of Alternate Water Sources
  • Estimation of needed quantities
  • Agreements with neighboring systems
  • Bottled water or bulk water provided by a
    certified water hauler
  • Funds to purchase bottled water

17
6. Replacement Equipment and Chemical Supplies
  • Relative priority of equipment and supplies
  • Funds available to have sufficient replacements
    on hand
  • Shelf life or periodic inspections of
    replacements
  • Policies to acquire and maintain

18
7. Property Protection
  • Nature of threat ? nature of protective response
  • Access control procedures
  • Securing buildings against forced entry, and
    other property protection procedures and measures
  • Policies and training on protection

19
8. Water Sampling and Monitoring
  • Water sampling skills
  • Water sampling supplies and equipment
  • Location of, and communication with analytical
    laboratories
  • Personnel and training on above

20
RCAPs eBulletin A Resource for Small System
Decision-Makers
  • Electronic news bulletin and technical assistance
    tool for small water and wastewater systems.
  • Published every three weeks.
  • Subscription is free. Funding is from U.S. Dept.
    of Health and Human Services, Office of Community
    Services.
  • Subscription list is not shared and subscribers
    can unsubscribe at any time.
  • Free technical assistance is available through
    the eBulletin.

21
Where to find the eBulletin and how to subscribe
  • www.watertrust.org

22
(No Transcript)
23
A Sample of eBulletin Topics
  • What Can You Do to Secure Your System? Top Ten
    Ways to Protect Your Water Supply System
  • Financial Checkup - How are you doing
    financially?
  • Steps to Strategic Planning
  • Cryptosporidium Deciphering the LT2
  • Practical Information for the Rate-Setting
    Process

24
A Sample of eBulletin Topics (contd.)
  • Successful CCR's from Across the Nation
  • How Sanitary is Your Survey?
  • What to Do When Customers Don't Pay
  • Water Loss The Silent Bandit
  • Straight Talk on Cross Connections

25
Resources
  • Security Vulnerability Self-Assessment Guide for
    Small Drinking Water Systems (ASDWA/NRWA)
    www.asdwa.org
  • Emergency Response Plan Guidance for Small and
    Medium Community Water Systems, EPA 816-R-04-002
    www.epa.gov/safewater/security
  • RCAPs Safe Drinking Water Trust eBulletin
    www.watertrust.org
  • Protecting Your Communitys Assets A Guide for
    Small Wastewater Systems, National Env. Training
    Center for Small Communities www.netc.wvu.edu
  • Asset Management A Handbook for Small Water
    Systems, EPA 816-R-03-016

26
Resources
  • RCAP Security and Emergency Response Planning
    Toolbox for Small Water and Wastewater Systems
    www.rcap.org
  • RCAP Vulnerability Assessment and Emergency
    Response Guides and Templates
  • Security Vulnerability Self-Assessment Guide for
    Water Systems
  • Emergency Response Planning Guide for Public
    Drinking Water Systems
  • Emergency Response Planning Template for Public
    Drinking Water Systems
  • Emergency Response Planning Guide for Public
    Wastewater Systems
  • Emergency Response Planning Template for Public
    Wastewater Systems
  • www.rcap.org

27
For more information
  • Rural Community Assistance Partnership (RCAP)
  • (888) 321-7227 www.rcap.org
  • Jbarrett_at_rcap.org
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