WILLIAM GOLDING AND LORD OF THE FLIES BACKGROUND NOTES - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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WILLIAM GOLDING AND LORD OF THE FLIES BACKGROUND NOTES

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WILLIAM GOLDING AND LORD OF THE FLIES BACKGROUND NOTES I. William Golding Basics A. Full Name: William Gerald Golding B. Born: September 19, 1911 C. Born in Cornwall ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: WILLIAM GOLDING AND LORD OF THE FLIES BACKGROUND NOTES


1
WILLIAM GOLDING AND LORD OF THE FLIES
BACKGROUND NOTES
2
I. William Golding Basics
  • A. Full Name William Gerald Golding
  • B. Born September 19, 1911
  • C. Born in Cornwall, England

3
I. William Golding Basics Continued
  • D. Father Alec worked as a science teacher He
    had strong political and scientific notions
  • E. Mother Mildred worked on the suffragist
    movement
  • F. Died June 19, 1993 of heart failure

4
II. Goldings Education
  • A. Went to the grammar school his father taught
    at
  • B. Began study at Oxford (Brasenose College) in
    1930
  • C. Original field of study was in the natural
    sciences
  • D. In 1932, he changed his field of study to
    English Literature.
  • E. Later in 1937, Golding returns to Oxford for a
    Diploma in Education

5
III. Influences on Goldings Work
  • A. Teaching
  • 1. taught English and philosophy at a number of
    grammar schools
  • 2. where he met his wife Ann
  • 3. studied how young children interacted with one
    another

6
  • B. World War II
  • 1. Joined the Royal Navy
  • 2. Helped sink Germanys Bismarck
  • 3. Was part of D-Day in France
  • 4. Changed his view of man came to believe that
    everyone had an evil side

7
  • C. Literary Influences
  • 1. Classical literature
  • 2. Mythology
  • 3. Christian symbolism

8
IV. Lord of the Flies Background
  • A. Started from an idea he had while reading The
    Coral Island to his kids
  • 1. Golding believed that this idyllic
    setting/plot was anything but realistic
  • B. Began working on it in 1952
  • C. Originally called Strangers from Within

9
  • D. In 1953, he begins sending it to publishers,
    where it was turned down by more than 20 of them
  • 1. sensitive subject matter
  • 2. no one wanted something so pessimistic to be
    published
  • E. Finally accepted after changes to the text,
    and it was published in 1954 as The Lord of the
    Flies

10
V. Other Life Events
  • A. 1962 resigned from teaching and focused on
    writing full time
  • B. 1963 Brooks film Lord of the Flies was
    shown at Cannes
  • C. 1983 Awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature
  • D. 1988 knighted

11
THEMES IN LORD OF THE FLIES
  1. Man is inherently evil Each person has within
    himself both good and evil. The evil will
    override the good unless it is contained by the
    laws of society. When man has no laws to go by,
    he will revert to savage behavior.
  2. The need for civilization Humans need
    civilization to keep them in line. When laws,
    rules, police, and schools are not in place,
    humans revert to a more primitive part of their
    nature. You can only cover up inner savagery so
    long before it breaks out, given the right
    situation.
  3. Innocence and the loss of it Golding implies
    that the loss of innocence has little to do with
    age but is related to a persons understanding of
    human nature. It can happen at any age or not at
    all.

12
THEMES IN LORD OF THE FLIES
  • The loss of identity When civilization slips
    away man reverts to his more primitive nature,
    his identity disintegrates. The boys use masks to
    cover their identity, and this allows them to do
    things they wouldnt normally do.
  • Power Democratic power is demonstrated when
    choices and decisions are shared among many.
    Authoritarian power allows one person to rule by
    threatening and terrifying others. People will
    abuse power when it's not earned. When given a
    chance, people often single out another to
    degrade to improve their own security.
  • Fear of the unknown The fear of the unknown can
    be a powerful force, which can turn you to either
    insight or hysteria. Fear of the unknown on the
    island revolves around the boys terror of the
    beast.
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