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Home Care and Preparedness for Influenza Pandemic

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Title: Home Care and Preparedness for Influenza Pandemic


1
Home Care and Preparedness for Influenza
Pandemic
American Red Cross St. Louis Area Chapter
2
American Red CrossPreparing for an Influenza
Pandemic
Masks were distributed by the American Red Cross
to the 39th Regiment marching through the
streets of Seattle in 1918.
3
Influenza PandemicPublic Education and
Information Goals
4
Education and Information Goals
General Public Internal Audiences
  • To increase awareness and knowledge, including
    facts about transmission and prevention and
    healthy practices to adopt to reduce spread of
    pandemic flu.

5
Education and Information Goals
General Public Internal Audiences
  • To increase the sense of responsibility to
    understand the threat of an influenza pandemic
    and to help decrease the risk of transmission.

6
Education and Information Goals
General Public Internal Audiences
  • To provide information about care and comfort to
    oneself and others who have pandemic flu.

7
Education and Information Goals
  • To ensure consistent education messages
    throughout the community.

8
Education and Information Goals
  • To educate to be effective leaders for public
    education and information related to pandemic flu
    in their various environments.

9
Education and Information Goals
  • To continue effective dialogue with and among
    federal agencies and non-governmental
    organizations to ensure consistent messages to
    the public regardless of the source.

10
Red Cross Public Education Role
  • Public Information Education
  • Provide Home Care Brochures
  • Provide Preparedness Presentations
  • Provide Information at Community Events
  • Provide Updates as Needed

11
Influenza Signs and Symptoms Influenza Pandemic
12
True or False?MOST common signs of flu include
fever, cough, runny nose and muscle pain?
13
  • TRUE!
  • Other symptoms that can be present are diarrhea,
    extreme tiredness, headache and sore throat.

14
  • True or False?
  • DURING a pandemic you should call your
    health-care provider at the first sign of flu?

15
  • TRUE!
  • During a Pandemic, you SHOULD call your health
    care provider at the first signs of the flu.

16
  • True or False?
  • WASH your hands at least three times per day when
    caring for someone with the flu?

17
  • FALSE
  • You should wash your hands often.

18
  • True or False?
  • IF someone shows signs of flu they can continue
    their normal routine for about three days?

19
  • FALSE
  • They should stay home.

20
  • True or False?
  • FAMILIES should make a Pandemic Flu Plan?

21
  • TRUE!
  • Similar to the way you make a Family Disaster
    Plan.

22
Differences Between Seasonal and Pandemic Flu
23
  • SEASONAL FLU
  • Caused by influenza viruses similar to those
    already affecting people.
  • Symptoms include fever, cough, runny nose, and
    muscle pain. Deaths can occur from
    complications.
  • Those at risk are the very young, elderly, or
    those with underlying health conditions.
  • Modest impact on society.

24
  • PANDEMIC FLU
  • New influenza virus that is likely to be more
    severe and affect more people.
  • Symptoms similar to the common flu but may be
    more severe and complications more serious.
  • Healthy adults may be at increased risk for
    serious complications.
  • A severe pandemic could change patterns of daily
    life for some time.
  • Currently, there is no pandemic flu

25
World Health Organization (WHO) Pandemic
Phases
Low risk of human cases
1
Higher risk of human cases
2
No or very limited human-to-human transmission
3
Evidence of increased human-to-human transmission
4
Evidence of significant human-to-human
transmission
5
Efficient and sustained human-to-human
transmission
6



26
Preventing the Spread of Flu
27
How You Get the Flu Virus?
  • Typical incubation 2 days Range 1 - 4 days
  • Virus cycle
  • Can begin 1 day before symptom onset
  • Peak in first 3 days of illness
  • Correlates with temperature
  • Subsides after 5 days in adults, can be 10 days
    in children

Transmission is predominately droplet spread
28
  • Healthy habits help with prevention..
  • Clean your hands often.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you
    cough or sneeze.
  • Keep your hands away from your eyes, nose and
    mouth.
  • If you have signs or symptoms of the flu STAY
    HOME.
  • Consider wearing a surgical mask.

29
  • When a household member is sick..
  • The most important thing for those who are not
    sick is to wash their hands often.
  • Caregivers should wash before and immediately
    after contact with the person who is sick.
  • Follow the steps for proper hand washing.

30
  • When a household member is sick..
  • Take appropriate steps to wash away germs in the
    home when someone has the flu.
  • Keep everyones personal items separate.
  • Designate one person as the caregiver.

31
Monitor One Who has the Pandemic Flu
32
  • Monitoring a sick household member..
  • Call your health-care professional at the first
    signs or symptoms.
  • Keep a care log. Check signs and symptoms at
    least every four hours and make annotations.
  • Have your care log handy when talking with your
    doctor.
  • Follow up with doctor if symptoms worsen.

33
Caring for One who has the Pandemic Flu
34
  • Caring for a sick household member..
  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Drink plenty of liquids to prevent dehydration.
  • Avoid alcohol and tobacco.

35
  • Caring for a sick household member..
  • Take medications to reduce fever and relieve flu
    symptoms.
  • Provide fluids with electrolytes when fever,
    diarrhea or vomiting is present.
  • In some cases health-care professionals will
    prescribe certain antiviral drugs.

36
Prepare for a Flu Pandemic
37
  • How to prepare for a Flu Pandemic...
  • Make a plan for a flu pandemic.
  • Keep extra supplies at home.
  • Make a plan how your family will cope with school
    closings, if you cant go to work, and how to
    replenish home supplies.

38
  • How to prepare for a Flu Pandemic...
  • You need to be prepared to sustain your family
    for at least two weeks.
  • Take home and complete the Flu Pandemic Planning
    Worksheet.

39
Family Preparedness Checklist
  • Water
  • Non-perishable foods
  • Flashlights / Batteries
  • Battery or Crank Radio
  • Medications (Rx and OTC)
  • Thermometer
  • Household Cleaning Products, etc.
  • Alcohol-based Hand Sanitizers

40
Caring for Someone at Home
  • Plan for home care
  • Supplies and Materials
  • Proper Hand Hygiene
  • ID one caregiver
  • Isolate in home
  • Monitor
  • Disinfect frequently
  • Take care of yourself

41
In Conclusion
  • The information presented today is not intended
    as a substitute for professional medical care or
    current public health advice.
  • Further information can be found by visiting the
    official web sites of Health Human Services
    (HHS), Centers of Disease Control (CDC), and
    World Health Organization (WHO).
  • Visit www.pandemicflu.gov.

42
In Conclusion
  • Your participation today was a step on the way of
    being informed.
  • You can contact the St. Louis Area Chapter for
    Preparedness information at (314) 516-2753 or log
    on at www.redcrossstl.org.
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