The Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS): Policy and Technical Perspectives Multi Temp 2005 | Biloxi, MS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS): Policy and Technical Perspectives Multi Temp 2005 | Biloxi, MS PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 4f0712-MjE0Y



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS): Policy and Technical Perspectives Multi Temp 2005 | Biloxi, MS

Description:

The Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS): Policy and Technical Perspectives Multi Temp 2005 | Biloxi, MS VADM Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Jr. US Navy (Ret.) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:511
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 27
Provided by: csullivan
Learn more at: http://www.pco.noaa.gov
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS): Policy and Technical Perspectives Multi Temp 2005 | Biloxi, MS


1
The Global Earth Observation System of Systems
(GEOSS)Policy and Technical PerspectivesMulti
Temp 2005 Biloxi, MS
  • VADM Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Jr. US Navy (Ret.)
  • Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and
    Atmosphere
  • Group on Earth Observations Executive Committee
    Co-Chair
  • May 16, 2005

2
Presentation Outline
  • The Global Earth Observation System of Systems
    (GEOSS) Overview
  • Policy Perspectives
  • Technical Perspectives
  • Recent Events and the Way Forward

3
SpaceThe Backbone of GEOSS
4
What is GEOSS?Technical Perspective
An end-to-end system of existing systems (both
in situ and remote sensing observation platforms)
linked with new systems
5
What is GEOSS?Policy Perspective
  • GEOSS is a distributed system of systems built on
    current international cooperation efforts among
    existing Earth observing and processing systems
  • GEOSS is
  • Comprehensiveobservations and products from all
    components
  • Coordinatedleverages contributing members
    resources
  • Sustainedby will and capacity of all members
  • GEOSS enables the collection and distribution of
    accurate, reliable Earth Observation data,
    information, products, and services to both
    suppliers and consumers worldwidethrough an
    end-to-end process

6
From Observations to Benefits
7
Why GEOSS?Social, Economic, Science Imperatives
  • The Ocean as an example
  • Better observationstide gauges, buoys,
    sensorswill allow us to forecast with more
    accuracy allowing us to get our coastal
    communities more effective warnings
  • More than half the worlds population lives
    within 60 km of the shoreline, this could rise
    to 3/4 by the year 2020
  • More than 90 of natural disaster-related deaths
    occur in developing countries
  • 25 of Earths biological productivity an
    estimated 80-90 of global commercial fish catch
    is concentrated in coastal zones
  • Worldwide agricultural benefits of better El Niño
    forecasts are conservatively estimated at
    450-550M/year

8
Presentation Outline
  • The Global Earth Observation System of Systems
    (GEOSS) Overview
  • Policy Perspectives
  • Technical Perspectives
  • Recent Events and the Way Forward

9
Policy Challenges
  • Harnessing the political will of nearly 60
    countries
  • Incorporating over 40 international organizations
    such as IOC, WMO, ISDR and UNEP
  • These organizations even different U.N.
    agencies - dont always talk to each other
  • GEO offers a mechanism for coordination

10
GEOSS Overview
EOS I
  • EOS I
  • July 31, 2003, Washington, D.C.
  • 34 Countries 20 International Organizations
  • EOS II
  • April 25, 2004, Tokyo, Japan
  • 43 Countries EC 26 International
    Organizations
  • EOS III
  • February 2005, Brussels
  • 60 Countries EC 34 International
    Organizations
  • 10-Year Implementation Plan
  • Commerce Secretary Gutierrez led the US delegation

EOS II
EOS III
11
GEO IGeneva, Switzerland
  • First meeting of new GEO at WMO headquarters on
    May 3-4
  • Iceland recognized as newest member of growing
    effort
  • GEO agreed to 12 member Executive Committee
  • Africa (2), Americas (3), Asia and Oceania (3),
    Commonwealth of Independent States (1), Europe
    (3)
  • Co-Chairs US, EC (developed) China, South
    Africa (developing)
  • Tsunami Update IOC

12
3
1
3
2
3
Americas
Europe
Africa
Asia/Oceania
Brazil Honduras USA
European Commission Italy Germany
South Africa Morocco
China Japan Thailand
Commonwealth of Independent States
GEO Executive Committee
Russia
13
GEO ExCom Initial Meeting
  • Immediately after GEO I (June, Geneva)
  • Establish Functions and Roles
  • ExCom Working Body / GEO Decision Body
  • Set Up Committee Structure
  • ST Mechanism
  • User Interface Mechanism
  • Architecture
  • Data Policy

14
U.S. Contribution to GEOSSAn Interagency Effort
15
Public Engagement is a Priority
  • Public Engagement WorkshopContinuing the
    Dialogue
  • Washington, DC, May 9-10
  • 400 attendees from all sectors
  • Discussion of Societal Benefit Areas
  • Discussion of Near Term Opportunities Integration
    Frameworks
  • Data Management
  • Improved Observations for Disaster Warnings
  • Global Land Observing System
  • Sea Level Observing System
  • National Integrated Drought Information System
  • Air Quality Assessment and Forecast System

16
Presentation Outline
  • The Global Earth Observation System of Systems
    (GEOSS) Overview
  • Policy Perspectives
  • Technical Perspectives
  • Recent Events and the Way Forward

17
Technical AdvancementsGeostationary Satellites
Much improved spatial and temporal coverage
Current GOES Sounder coverage in one hour
GOES-R New generation of current U.S.
geostationary operational environmental satellite
(GOES) series
GOES-R HES Sounder coverage in one hour
18
Technical AdvancementsPolar Satellites
  • NPOESS National Polar-Orbiting Operational
    Environmental Satellite System
  • Advanced imager offers near-constant resolution
    across scan
  • Additionally, VIIRS brings a great increase in
    multispectral channels

OLS
AVHRR
VIIRS
2
6
22
19
Bring Technical Challenges
  • Data Management Needs
  • New Systems mean 100-fold increase in data
  • Current systems already face challenges
  • Development of browser and visualization systems
    underpinned by core geospatial technologies
  • Interoperability through protocols and standards

20
Architecture Needs
  • Support for a range of implementation options
  • Addressing planned, research and operational
    systems
  • Interfaced capabilities through interoperability
    specifications
  • Inclusion of metadata and quality indicators
  • Continuity of observations, and
    instigation of new observations
  • Building on existing systems and
    historical data
  • In U.S., focus on Federal Enterprise
    Architecture Framework

21
Architecture Targets GEO
  • Within two years, GEOSS will
  • Advocate formal commitments of contributions by
    GEO Members and Participating Organizations
  • Produce a publicly accessible, network-distributed
    catalogue
  • Establish and maintain a process for reaching
    interoperability arrangements
  • Advocate use of existing Spatial Data
    Infrastructure (SDI) components as institutional
    and technical precedents
  • Develop a cost-and-benefit-sharing mechanism(s)
    for observations

22
Presentation Outline
  • The Global Earth Observation System of Systems
    (GEOSS) Overview
  • Policy Perspectives
  • Technical Perspectives
  • Recent Events and the Way Forward

23
The Indian Ocean Tragedy
Frequent Question Why did it happen?
24
Why Observations Matter
  • After-the-fact data from research altimeter shows
    tsunami as it propagated in the Indian Ocean
  • Chart shows actual observation (in black)
    compared with model (in blue)
  • Models have much room for improvement

25
To Get Involved
  • Alliance for Earth Observations
  • Serves as a communication link between the
    industrial, non-governmental, academic and
    governmental sectors
  • Encourages broad participation in the development
    of a national strategy for Earth observations
  • http//www.strategies.org/alliance
  • For more information on on the U.S. Group on
    Earth Observations
  • http//iwgeo.ssc.nasa.gov

26
Questions?
About PowerShow.com