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Title: Jeopardy Great Black Americans in honor of Black American History Month


1
JeopardyGreat Black Americansin honor ofBlack
American History Month
  • Second Grade Social Studies

2
National African American History Month
  • National African American History Month is
    observed each February as a time to recognize the
    contributions of African Americans to the culture
    at large. This celebration has its origins in
    Negro History Week, which was established in 1926
    by Dr. Carter G. Woodson.

3
Famous Black Americans
  • There are hundreds of famous black Americans, but
    there are those more famous than other we will
    study this month.
  • These famous black Americans include athletes,
    actors, musicians, scientists, inventors, former
    slaves, teachers, poets, civil rights leaders,
    politicians, and writers. These important people
    made advances for all black Americans today.

4
  • She spent her childhood in a small Southern
    community. She attended an all-black school.
    Maya moved to San Fransisco when she was a
    teenager. She studied drama, dance, and music.
    She wrote about her childhood in the South and
    became a famous author. She also wrote poetry,
    plays, and a TV series.

5
  • He hit 755 home runs during his major league
    baseball career, making him America's all-time
    home run leader for the next three decades. He
    hit number 715 on 8 April 1974, moving him past
    the record 714 career homers of Babe Ruth. Much
    like Roger Maris, he was maligned by some fans
    who thought he was somehow unfit to surpass the
    mighty Ruth. (Racism played a part he was black,
    and he passed Ruth's record only 28 years after
    Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier in major
    league baseball.) He retired after the 1976
    season, holding the all-time records for home
    runs (755) and RBIs (2297)and having played in a
    record 24 All-Star Games. He was elected to
    baseball's Hall of Fame in 1982.

6
  • He (August 4, 1901 - July 6, 1971) was a great
    jazz trumpet player, composer, and singer. He was
    nicknamed Satchmo because some people said that
    his mouth was like a satchel. He was born in New
    Orleans, Louisiana, and soon became a well-known
    cornet player in clubs and on riverboats along
    the Mississippi River. He became world famous for
    his incredible musical talent, especially his
    improvised solos. He also sang "scat," a style in
    which nonsense words are used in a song. He was
    featured in many recordings, television shows,
    and movies. He celebrated his birthday on July 4.

7
  • She was a Chicago poet, the poet laureate of
    Illinois and the first African American to win
    the Pulitzer Prize for poetry. She first
    collection of poems, A Street in Bronzeville, was
    published in 1945 to widespread critical acclaim.

8
  • He (1865?-1943) was an American scientist,
    educator, humanitarian, and former slave. He made
    scientific discoveries that helped farmers in the
    South. He taught farmers to grow peanuts,
    soybeans, and sweet potatoes. He also taught
    them to rotate crops in order to renew the soil.
    He developed hundreds of products from peanuts.

9
  • (September 23, 1930 - June 10, 2004) He was born
    in Albany, Georgia on September 23, 1930 (he
    shares a birthday with another musical icon, John
    Coltrane). He was not born blind - he lost his
    sight to undiagnosed glaucoma at age seven. He
    enrolled in the St. Augustine (Fla) School for
    the deaf and blind, where he developed his
    enormous musical gift. After his mother's death,
    he set out as a solo act, modeling himself after
    Nat "King" Cole. During a career that has spanned
    some 58 years, he starred on over 250 albums,
    many of them top sellers in a variety of musical
    genres.

10
  • She (Nov. 30, 1924 - Jan. 1, 2005) was the first
    African-American woman elected to the US
    Congress. She was born in Brooklyn, New York.
    After being a teacher and serving as a New York
    state assemblywoman, she was elected as a
    Democrat to the House of Representatives. She
    served in Congress for seven terms, from January
    3, 1969, until January 3, 1983. In 1972, she was
    the first African-American woman to run for a
    major-party presidential nomination. During her
    long political career, she fought for the rights
    of women and minorities.

11
  • She was the first black woman to win an Olympic
    gold medal, in the 1948 high jump. She was also
    the only American woman to win a track and field
    event at the Olympics that year. She would
    probably have won more medals if the 1940 and
    1944 Olympics hadn't been canceled because of
    World War II, for she dominated the high jump for
    a decade and she was also a fine sprinter. She
    won the AAU outdoor high jump championship from
    1939 through 1948, and she was indoor champion in
    1941, 1945, and 1946 there was no indoor
    competition from 1938 through 1940 or from 1942
    through 1944. She won the outdoor 50-meter dash
    from 1943 through 1947, the outdoor 100-meter in
    1942, 1945 and 1946, and the indoor 50-meter dash
    in 1945 and 1946. Representing Tuskegee
    Institute, she also ran on the national champion
    4 x 100-meter relay team in 1941 and 1942.

12
  • For a mild-mannered man whose music was always
    easy on the ear, he managed to be a figure of
    considerable controversy during his 30 years as a
    professional musician. From the late '40s to the
    mid-'60s, he was a massively successful pop
    singer who ranked with such contemporaries as
    Frank Sinatra, Perry Como, and Dean Martin. He
    shared with those peers a career that encompassed
    hit records, international touring, radio and
    television shows, and appearances in films. But
    unlike them, he had not emerged from a background
    as a band singer in the swing era.

13
  • She was both African-American and female, and she
    is remembered as an aviation pioneer for both
    groups. She grew up in Texas, moved to Chicago,
    and got interested in flying after her brothers
    returned from World War I. Failing to find anyone
    in Chicago who would teach flying to a black
    woman, she determined to go abroad to get
    training -- a daring move for that era. She moved
    to Paris, was accepted to aviation school, and on
    15 June 1921 she received her pilot's license
    from the Federation Aeronautique Internationale.
    The certificate made her the world's first
    licensed black aviator. She returned to the
    United States and began a barnstorming career,
    appearing at airshows across the country. She
    died in 1926 while flight-testing an open-cockpit
    plane her co-pilot lost control of the aircraft
    and in the ensuing dive she was tossed from the
    plane and plunged to her death.

14
  • He began as a stand-up comic and ended up as one
    of America's most beloved television stars. His
    comedy career was kick-started by a 1963
    appearance on the Tonight Show, and he won
    multiple Grammy Awards for comedy recordings
    throughout the 1960s. He was particularly known
    for routines about childhood friends like Fat
    Albert and Old Weird Harold (both of whom later
    appeared in the 1970s cartoon series Fat Albert
    and the Cosby Kids). In he starred with Robert
    Culp in the spoofy TV series I Spy, making him
    one of the few African-American stars on
    prime-time TV.

15
  • He (Feb. 7, 1817-Feb. 20, 1895) was an
    abolitionist, orator and writer who fought
    against slavery and for women's rights. He was
    the first African-American citizen appointed to
    high ranks in the U.S. government.

16
  • He (February 23, 1868 - August 27, 1963) was a
    writer, historian, leader and one of the founders
    of the NAACP (National Association for the
    Advancement of Colored People). he was born in
    Great Barrington, Massachusetts. He was a gifted
    student who became a reporter for the New York
    Globe when he was 15 years old. He later attended
    Fisk University, then transferred to Harvard
    University he was the first black to receive a
    Ph.D. from Harvard University. He became a
    teacher and later studied the state of black
    people in the USA and around the world he wrote
    many books.

17
  • He (Aug. 8, 1866 - March 9, 1955) was an American
    explorer and one of the first people to visit the
    North Pole. He was on most of Robert E. Pearys
    expeditions, including the 1909 trip to the North
    Pole.

18
  • She (October 17, 1956 - ) was the first
    African-American woman in space. She is a medical
    doctor and a surgeon, with engineering
    experience. She flew on the space shuttle
    Endeavor (STS-47, Spacelab-J) as the Mission
    Specialist the mission lifted off on September
    12, 1992 and landed on September 20, 1992.

19
  • He was the dominant basketball player in the
    world during the 1990s. He won the NBA's Most
    Valuable Player award five times, and six times
    led the Chicago Bulls to the league championship.
    He led the Bulls to his first three championships
    came in 1991, 1992 and 1993 with superb shooting
    and playmaking and a competitive killer instinct.
    In October of 1993 he stunned his fans by
    retiring from basketball and beginning a
    professional baseball career, saying that playing
    baseball had been an early dream of his. He
    played the 1994 baseball season for the minor
    league Birmingham Barons. In March of 1995 he
    ended his baseball career and returned to the
    Bulls. With him, the Bulls won three more
    championships in 1996, 1997 and 1998. He retired
    from basketball in 1999. In the year 2000 he
    became a part owner and executive for the NBA's
    Washington Wizards. In 2001 he began considering
    another comeback as an NBA player, and that fall,
    at age 38, he returned once again to play for the
    Wizards. He played for two more full seasons,
    retiring again in April of 2003.

20
  • He (1929-1968) was a great man who worked for
    racial equality in the USA. He was born on
    January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia. After
    graduating from college and getting married, he
    became a minister and moved to Alabama. During
    the 1950's, he became active in the movement for
    civil rights and racial equality. He participated
    in the Montgomery, Alabama, bus boycott and many
    other peaceful demonstrations that protested the
    unfair treatment of African-Americans. He won the
    Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. He was assassinated on
    April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee.
    Commemorating the life of a tremendously
    important leader, we celebrate him each year in
    January.

21
  • He (July 2, 1908 - Jan. 24, 1993) was the first
    African-American justice of the US Supreme Court.
    Hewas on the team of lawyers in the historic
    Supreme Court trial concerning school
    desegregation, Brown v. Board of Education
    (1954). As a result of this trial, the "separate
    but equal" doctrine in public education was
    overthrown. After a successful career as a lawyer
    and judge fighting for civil rights and women's
    rights, he was appointed to the high court in
    1967 (by President Lyndon Baines Johnson). On the
    high court, he continued his fight for human
    rights until he retired on June 27, 1991.

22
  • He was an inventor who was fascinated by steam
    engines. As a mechanic in the early 1870's he
    noticed that machines had to be stopped every
    time they needed oil, which wasted a lot of time
    and was expensive. He invented a device to oil
    the machinery while it was working. It was soon
    used on engines, train locomotives, on Great Lake
    steamships, on ocean liners and on machinery in
    factories. His invention became so popular that
    no engine or machine was considered complete
    until it had a McCoy Lubricator. The phrase "The
    Real McCoy" soon caught on as a way of saying
    that people were getting the best equipment
    available.

23
  • He was a charismatic pitching star of the Negro
    Leagues who became a major league rookie in his
    forties. He began playing professionally for the
    Negro Leagues in 1923, during the era when blacks
    were blocked from playing in baseball's major
    leagues. He played for a variety of teams in the
    southern and midwestern states, usually not
    straying for long from Kansas City. He was known
    for his hard fastball and his crowd-pleasing
    showboating, including double and triple windups
    and his famous hesitation pitch. He was often
    hired to draw crowds as much as to win games.
    Jackie Robinson broke the major league color
    barrier in 1947, and the next year he joined the
    Cleveland Indians. He was 42 or 43 years old --
    his age was never quite clear -- making him the
    oldest rookie in history.

24
  • She (February 4, 1913 - October 24, 2005) was a
    pivotal figure in the fight for civil rights. On
    December 1, 1955, a Montgomery, Alabama, bus
    driver ordered her to give up her seat to a white
    man. When she refused, she was fined and
    arrested. This incident prompted a city-wide bus
    boycott, which eventually resulted in a Supreme
    Court ruling that segregation on city buses is
    unconstitutional.

25
  • He became the first African-American Secretary of
    State in U.S. history when he took office in
    2001. He was a career soldier who fought in the
    U.S. Army during the Vietnam War. He rose through
    the ranks to become a general, then became
    national security adviser to President Ronald
    Reagan. He became chairman of the Joint Chiefs of
    Staff under George Bush the elder, directing U.S.
    forces during the first Gulf War. He retired in
    1993 and published his autobiography, My American
    Journey, in 1995. After years on the lecture
    circuit, he was chosen by George W. Bush to be
    Secretary of State in 2001.

26
  • She became U.S. Secretary of State in 2005. She
    had earlier served as National Security Advisor
    under President George W. Bush from 2001-2005. As
    a child, she was a gifted student and a prodigy
    on the piano, and she entered college at the age
    of 15 with the intention of becoming a concert
    pianist. Along the way she was influenced by
    political scientist Josef Korbel, the father of
    former U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine
    Albright. She changed her plans and studied
    international politics, and by the early 1980s
    she was teaching at Stanford University and
    becoming a prominent public voice on
    international affairs. She also worked with the
    Pentagon and with the administration of George
    Bush the elder as an expert on foreign affairs.

27
  • He (January 31, 1912 - October 24, 1972) was the
    first black man allowed to play major league
    baseball. On April 11, 1947, he played his first
    major league baseball game (he played for the New
    York Dodgers in an exhibition game against the
    New York Yankees). He played with the Dodgers for
    10 years. He played in six World Series and was
    the first African-American in the Baseball Hall
    of Fame (in 1962).

28
  • She sprinted to three gold medals at the 1960
    Summer Olympics in Rome, becoming the first woman
    from the United States to win three golds in one
    Olympics. She, an African-American, won the 100
    meter dash and the 200 meter dash and anchored
    the winning 400 meter relay team. Born to a
    large, poor family in Tennessee, she battled
    polio, scarlet fever and pneumonia as a child and
    for a few years lost the use of one leg. By the
    time she was a teenager she was 5' 11" and an
    outstanding basketball player. She began
    sprinting with a team from Tennessee State
    University when she was still in high school, and
    earned a bronze medal as a member of a relay team
    in the 1956 Olympics in Melbourne before earning
    triple gold four years later. In 1973 she was
    inducted into the Black Athletes Hall of Fame,
    and in 1974 she was named to the National Track
    and Field Hall of Fame. Her 1977 autobiography
    was titled Wilma.

29
  • She (1797?-1883) was an American preacher who
    dedicated her life to fighting for for civil and
    human rights. She was born a slave in New York
    State, but was freed in 1827. After becoming a
    preacher, she campaigned for the abolition of
    slavery and for women's rights. During the US
    Civil War, she helped black Union soldiers obtain
    supplies and also worked as a counselor for the
    National Freedon Relief Association.

30
  • She (1820 - 1913) escaped slavery in Maryland in
    1849 and traveled north. She then helped hundreds
    of other slaves flee to the north to freedom via
    the Underground Railroad. She helped John Brown
    recruit soldiers for his raid on Harpers Ferry
    (1859). She spied for the Union (in South
    Carolina) during the US Civil War. After the war,
    she lived in Auburn, New York, and founded the
    Harriet Tubman Home for Aged Negroes. She devoted
    her life to fighting slavery and championing the
    rights of women.

31
  • He (April 15?, 1856 - Nov. 15, 1915) was an
    orator, civil rights activist, professor, writer,
    and poet. He was born a slave in Virginia, but
    was freed by Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation
    (when it went into effect in the South, in 1865).
    He dedicated his life to education as a means of
    obtaining equality. He founded the Tuskegee
    Normal and Industrial Institute in Tuskegee,
    Alabama, and the National Negro Business League.

32
  • He won an Oscar as best actor for his role as a
    rogue cop in the 2001 film Training Day. It was
    his second Academy Award he also won in 1989 as
    best supporting actor for the Civil War film
    Glory. He got his early break on TV, playing Dr.
    Phillip Chandler in the television drama St.
    Elsewhere (1982-88). He received critical praise
    for his role in the movie A Soldier's Story
    (1984), and was nominated for a supporting actor
    Oscar for Cry Freedom (1987). He worked steadily
    throughout the 1990s in big-budget thrillers,
    comedies and dramas, including Philadelphia
    (1993), Crimson Tide (1995) and The Preacher's
    Wife (1996). His portrayal of boxer Ruben Carter
    earned him another Oscar nomination for the movie
    The Hurricane (1999).

33
  • He was an African American physician who made
    history by performing the first successful open
    heart surgery operation.

34
  • She is the most successful female talk show host
    in American TV history. She went into
    broadcasting in the early 1970s after anchoring
    and reporting TV news in Nashville, Tennessee and
    Baltimore, Maryland, she landed a job on the
    morning show of A.M. Chicago in 1984. The next
    year she made her movie debut in The Color Purple
    and was nominated for an Oscar. In 1986 she
    launched a TV talk show which featured celebrity
    interviews and discussions of social issues. The
    show was a smash hit and within a decade she was
    one of the richest women in the United States. A
    feature of her show highlighting new books,
    became famous for its ability to create
    bestsellers. In 2000 she launched her own
    lifestyle magazine, O.

35
  • He Woods is the winner of 13 of golf's major
    championships and is the sport's biggest
    superstar since Jack Nicklaus. Before he became a
    grown-up celeb, he was a kiddie phenomenon his
    father Earl allegedly introduced him to golf at
    age 9 months, and at age 2 the youngster made a
    now-famous appearance putting with Bob Hope on
    The Mike Douglas Show. He won three consecutive
    U.S. Amateur titles (1994-96), and in 1996 turned
    pro with a 40 million contract from Nike and a
    fame usually reserved for movie stars. At age 21,
    he became the youngest Masters champ and the
    first golfer since Jerry Pate in 1976 to win in
    the first major he played. He opened wide a door
    of society in becoming the first African
    American, as well as the first Asian American, to
    win a major.

36
  • While in prison for burglary, He adopted the
    Black Muslim faith and became a minister of the
    Nation of Islam upon his release in 1952. He was
    a charismatic advocate of black separatism who
    rejected Martin Luther King, Jr.s policies of
    non-violence. He broke with the Nation of Islam
    in 1964. That same year he made a pilgrimage to
    Mecca and shortly afterwards he embraced orthodox
    Islam and took the name El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz.
    He recanted some of his earlier more strident
    viewpoints on race, though he remained a staunch
    advocate of "black power." He was shot to death
    by a group of men while giving a speech in New
    York City in 1965
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