Marriage - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 28
About This Presentation



Bride Price Dowry: set up home Betrothal Dower rights for woman Marriage Contract: Women obey and bear sons. Sister could replace a deceased wife. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:735
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 29
Provided by: HRSB4
Tags: dowry | marriage


Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Marriage

Marriage the Family
  • The Foundation of Family Well-Being

Theories of Attraction 
  • Why are we attracted to some people and not to
    others?  In
  • theory we have the freedom of choice as to who we
  • as our partner.  In reality, our choices are
    limited by
  • Where we live
  • The people we know
  • Our socio-economic background
  • And other influences that may not be as obvious.
  • Sociologists explain many relationships based on
    theories.  We will examine 5 theories of why
    individuals are attracted to other people.

Social Homogamy Theory
  • Theory based on the idea that like attracts
  • People tend to choose a partner who is more alike
    than different from themselves.
  • Often from the same race, religion, or culture.
  • They will often enjoy doing the same kinds of
    things which is often how they meet.
  • They often have similar role expectations.

Complimentary Needs Theory
  • Theory states that people choose a partner
  • who compliments (or completes) and meets
  • their own personal needs. 
  • Each persons strengths help balance the traits
    of the other.
  • For example, a shy person may be attracted to an
    outgoing person.
  • Considered to be a Balancing motive.
  • You complete me!
  • http//

Ideal Mate Theory
  • Most people have a preconceived image of what
    their ideal partner
  • should be like. 
  • This image is based on physical appearance,
    personality characteristics or other traits.
  • It may also be based on characteristics of ones
    own parents ( a woman may look for a man who is
    like her father).
  • This image may also develop over dating
    experiences, I know what I dont want!

Social Exchange Theory
  • People may consider the qualities
  • they want in a partner and what
  • they have to offer in return. 
  • These qualities may be personal, material,
    appearance, intelligence, or services.
  • A partner is selected as someone who brings the
    best of these qualities at the smallest cost.
  • For example, a successful business man may look
    for a wife who will be attractive and keep a
    successful home and meet social requirements as
    he progresses through his career.

Propinquity Theory
People are more likely to meet and know people
who are physically nearby.
  • Same city or same college provides an opportunity
    to meet.
  • Long-distance relationships are costly and
    difficult to keep going, although with global
    travel and the Internet more accessible now,
    these relationships are becoming easier to
    establish and sustain.

  • Canada has CIVIL marriagethis means
  • that marriage is governed and controlled by
  • the federal government under the Civil
  • Marriages Act (2005).
  • The rules are made by the federal
  • government, but they are administered by
  • each province.

Marriage Law
  • The Civil Marriage Act came into effect on July
    20, 2005.
  • Canada became the fourth country to legislate
    same-sex marriage with
  • Netherlands (2001)
  • Belgium (2003)
  • Spain (2005).

Who Can Get Married?
  • Anyone over 19.
  • Anyone under 19 years with consent of both
  • Under the age of 16 years with permission of the
  • Someone who is divorces with a final proof of
  • Someone who is widowed with proof of death

Applying for a Marriage License
  • The Solemnization of Marriage Act requires that
    you obtain a marriage license before getting
    married in Nova Scotia.
  • The license does not mean that you are married,
    but that you may get married.
  • Expires one year from date of issuance.

Applying for a Marriage License
  • Only one member of the couple needs to apply for
    the license
  • You must provide a signed piece of identification
    and proof of age for both parties.
  • The fee for a marriage license is 121.78
  • There is a five day waiting period between the
    day of application for the license and the date
    of issuance.

The Marriage Ceremony
  • In Nova Scotia, couples can choose a religious or
    civil ceremony.
  • Either type of ceremony must be witnessed by two
    people who are at least 16 years of age.
  • Religious ceremonies are performed by a religious
    representative of your choice, as long as they
    are registered with Nova Scotia Vital Statistics
    under the Solemnization of Marriage Act.
  • Civil ceremonies are performed by a Justice of
    the Peace or Judge. The list of Justices of the
    Peace is available from the Department of Justice

Registering the Marriage
  • The religious representative or Justice of the
    Peace or Judge who performs the ceremony will
    also help to complete the necessary Marriage
    Registration Form.
  • Must be sent in within 48 hours by the officiant
    to Vital Statistics where the marriage is
    registered and a legal record is kept.
  • The certificate you sign during the ceremony is a
    "memento" document, and NOT legal proof of
  • An official Marriage Certificate is legal proof
    of marriage and must be requested.

Common Law Marriage
  • There is no such thing as common law marriage in
    any province in Canada. No matter how long you
    live with your common law partner, you will never
    be considered married for legal purposes.

So what is Common Law?
  • Two people, who are not married, live together in
    a 'marriage-like' relationship.
  • Every law has its own definition for what
    qualifies as a common-law relationship.
  • You cannot file an application to become
  • You do not have to go through a formal court
    process when you separate from your common-law
    partner to be considered separated.
  • You cannot get divorced.

More on Common Law
  • Common-law couples do not have the same rights
    and obligations as married couples under the law
    relating to property, debts and pensions.
  • Rights and obligations around parenting and
    supporting children are similar to those of
    married couples.

Common Law Children
  • You have the same rights and obligations toward
    your children REGARDLESS of the type of
    relationship you were in.
  • What the rights and obligations are for your
    specific situation will always depend on the

Registered Domestic Partnership
  • Formal legal relationship that is registered with
    the government.
  • Allows a couple to have some of the rights and
    obligations that married couples have pension
    benefits, property, etc.
  • This type of relationship generally gives the
    couple more rights than a common-law
    relationship, but does not have all of the rights
    of a marriage.

Pros Cons?
  • What are the Pros and Cons for Marriage vs.
    Common Law vs. Domestic Partnership?
  • Which one would you choose and why?

Chapter 6 Definitions
  • Marriage
  • Conjugical unions
  • Cohabitation
  • Polygyny
  • Polyandry
  • Betrothal
  • Bride price
  • Dowry
  • Dower Rights
  • Matrilineal

Ancient Hebrew
  • Similarities to Current Traditions
  • Exchanging of gifts.
  • Betrothal promise rings, engagements.
  • Protection of womens rights in the marriage.
  • Differences from Current Traditions
  • Not arranged
  • No dowries.
  • Sibling and spousefaux pas
  • One interesting or surprising thing
  • Sisters filling in for deceased wives.
  • Characteristics / Traditions
  • Arranged.
  • Bride Price
  • Dowry set up home
  • Betrothal
  • Dower rights for woman
  • Marriage Contract Women obey and bear sons.
  • Sister could replace a deceased wife.
  • Brother of a deceased man had to marry his wife
    to support his brothers children.
  • Primarily economic relationshipfamily wealth and
    creation of more children to contribute to the
    family economy.

Ancient Rome
  • Characteristics / Traditions
  • Patriarchalchanges over time due to warmen are
  • Economic arrangement
  • Monogamous
  • Similarities to Current Traditions
  • Monogamous
  • Divorces
  • Remarriage
  • Christianreligious
  • Married several times over a lifetime
  • Differences from Current Traditions
  • LOVE marriage
  • One interesting or surprising thing
  • Marriage a way to attain economic and political

Middle Ages
  • Characteristics / Traditions
  • Informal, loosely organized and casually
  • Begins to be regulated by Christian church.
  • Minimum age 14 (M) 12 (F).
  • Delayed marriage after betrothal to ensure both
    parties entered the marriage willingly.
  • Regulations
  • Similarities to Current Traditions
  • Engagement period of time
  • Regulations
  • Minimum ages
  • Differences from Current Traditions
  • Different minimum ages.
  • One interesting or surprising thing
  • Minimum age 14 (M) 12 (F).

Protestant Reformation
  • Characteristics / Traditions
  • Divorce becomes more liberal
  • Family being more important than chastity.
  • Increasingly love marriages
  • Free-choice
  • Similarities to Current Traditions
  • Most
  • Differences from Current Traditions
  • Husbands had power over wife
  • Rules / laws about marrying in your family.
  • Social class
  • One interesting or surprising thing
  • Incest

First Nations
  • Characteristics / Traditions
  • Matriarchal.
  • Men hunted
  • Women domestic choresgathering, etc.
  • After a child was born
  • Arranged
  • Gender Roles
  • Male Authority
  • Similarities to Current Traditions
  • Men make the baconwomen cook itsometimes.
  • Gender roles exist
  • Differences from Current Traditions
  • Matriarchal vs. Patriarchal
  • Women now work outside home
  • Marriage before child is bornOR afterchoice
  • Love
  • Gender Roles sometimes dont exist.
  • Males do not have a right to authority over their
  • One interesting or surprising thing
  • Marrying after a child is born.

European Contact
  • Characteristics / Traditions
  • Male dominated
  • Based on Christian traditions
  • Dowry
  • 20 yrs (W) 28(M)
  • Nuclear
  • Child Heir would stay at home and look after
    parents in old age.
  • Similarities to Current Traditions
  • Agesolder marriages
  • Still look after older parentsany child.
  • Differences from Current Traditions
  • Many different types of families
  • Dowry
  • One interesting or surprising thing
  • First Nations temporary marriages.

19th Century Canada
  • Characteristics / Traditions
  • Most free choice . Aka LOVE
  • Approval of parent
  • June and Fall Harvest
  • Older marriages (26-29)
  • Divorce illegal in PQ
  • Divorce with proof of adultery
  • Similarities to Current Traditions
  • LOVE
  • Popular June and Sept
  • Differences from Current Traditions
  • Dont need approvalbut is tradition and
  • One interesting or surprising thing
  • Divorce illegal in PQ
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)