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Sample Exam Three


Solomon Asch used 'line comparison' questions, among others, ... EX: car. Accommodation ... Highway patrol has a perceptual set w/ sporty red cars. Question 70 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sample Exam Three

Sample Exam Three
Question 13
  • The first stage in Elisabeth Kubler-Rosss theory
    dealing with death and grief is
  • Denial
  • Bargaining
  • Anger
  • Depression
  • Repression

Kubler-Ross theory of dealing with death
  • Denial
  • Anger
  • Bargaining
  • Depression
  • acceptance

Question 18
  • Solomon Asch used line comparison questions,
    among others, to study
  • Group Conformity
  • Compliance Techniques
  • Perceptual Inference
  • Perceptual Expectancy
  • The Size-Weight Illusion

Question 19
  • Accommodation, motion parallax, and texture
    gradient are all
  • Terms coined by developmental psychologist Jean
  • Developmental landmarks usually attained by the
    age of three
  • Illusions of apparent movement
  • Monocular depth cues
  • Gustatory functions

  • Monocular cues
  • Require only one eye
  • Binocular cues
  • Depend on the use of two eyes
  • Texture gradient
  • Objects with finer, less detailed textures are
    perceived as more distant
  • Motion Parallax
  • Apparent rate of movement of different objects
    provides info about the relative distance of
    those objects. EX car
  • Accommodation
  • Ability of the lens of your eye to change its
    shape and bend light rays so that objects are in

Question 20
  • Industrial and organizational psychologists
  • Study the impact of advertising on the psychology
    of buying
  • Study the impact of product placement on buying
  • Study issues in the workplace related to morale,
    productivity, stress, and overall staff
  • Are trained to do clinical interventions when
    staff members in a company or organization suffer
    from stress or mental disorder
  • Evaluate the role of psychology on advertising
    and, as a result, company profits

Industrial organizational psychologists
  • I-O psychology
  • concerned with the study of workplace behavior

Question 25
  • The largest percentage of a typical nights sleep
    is spent in
  • Stage one of sleep
  • Stage two of sleep
  • Stage three of sleep
  • Stage four of sleep
  • R.E.M.

Question 27
  • The somoatofoam disorder characterized by the
    patients belief that he or she is seriously ill
    despite professional diagnosis to the contrary is
  • Hypocondriasis
  • Immunosupression
  • Conversion Disorder
  • Phantom Pain
  • Psychosomatic Illness

Question 28
  • Eidetic Imagery
  • Requires priming before it can activate
  • Is essentially synonymous with photographic
  • Is highly correlated with the presence of
    tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon
  • Is related only to recall but not to recognition
  • Has been demonstrated to be very common among
    high school students

Question 29
  • Which of the following is the best description of
    Noam Chomskys nativist theory of human language
  • Humans learn language entirely by mimicking the
    language of those around them
  • Humans learn the elements of language when they
    are reinforced for appropriate usage
  • Humans are innately predisposed to learn language
  • From the first babbling sounds an infant makes,
    a listener can discern elements of the language
    the infant was born into
  • The language of a culture determines the ways of
    thinking of that culture

Chomskys Nativist Theory
  • Children are born with mental structuresbuilt
    into the brainthat make it possible to
    comprehend and produce speech
  • In Brocas Area LAD (language acquisition
    device) contains basic rulessuch as distinction
    between nouns and verbsthat make it easier for
    children to discover patterns in language

Question 31
  • David Wechslers intelligence tests (such as the
    W.I.S.C. and the W.A.I.S) were
  • Designed to include performance based tasks
    rather than relying solely on language based
  • Criticized for their inability to measure the
    intelligence of different age groups
  • The first useable assessments of intelligence
    ever designed
  • Once very commonly used but have been surpassed
    in popularity and rate of usage by then
    Stanford-Binet Test

Wechsler tests
  • Adult Intelligence Scale
  • Intelligence Scale for Children
  • Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence
  • Measure intelligence by assessing performance on
    a variety of tasks.

Question 32
  • What does the graph below represent?
  • Opponent process theory
  • An action potential
  • An E.E.G. readout
  • An E.K.G. readout
  • A positron emission tomography readout

Question 34
  • In psychological research, what is meant by
    statistical significance?
  • Scores from the control group exceed scores from
    the experimental group or groups.
  • Scores from the experimental group or group
    exceed scores from the control group.
  • Researchers cannot reject the null hypothesis.
  • That the results obtained are most likely not due
    merely to chance.
  • That the results obtained are definitely not due
    merely to chance.

Question 36
  • A psychoanalyst would most likely criticize a
    humanistic therapist on which of the following
  • Humanism is too optimistic about human nature and
    the individuals ability to help him or her self
    through the exercise of free will.
  • Humanism depends far too much on analysis of the
    irrational and maladaptive thought processes of
    the patient.
  • Humanism gives too little credit to the power of
    the patient to change.
  • Humanism focuses too much attention on
    unconscious aggression and unexpressed urges.
  • Humanism does to much work on uncovering the
    foundation of psychological problems without
    drectly addressing symptoms.

Question 37
  • Which of the following is a limitation of
    correlational research?
  • Strong positive correlations are rare.
  • Strong negative correlations are rare.
  • If two variables are found to have zero
    correlation we assume they have no relationship
    at all.
  • It is more difficult to conduct than experimental
  • Data only reflect that a relationship exists
    between two variables but does not indicate
    whether either causes the other to occur.

Question 38
  • Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that
  • Excites the transmission of pain messages
  • Inhibits the transmission of pain messages
  • Plays an important role in governing sleep,
    appetite, and mood
  • Governs voluntary muscle movement
  • Activates the fight or flight response

Question 39
  • Statistically, the most common _______ are
    repeated checking of objects or surroundings and
    excessive washing or cleaning.
  • Undifferentiated habits
  • Negative symptoms
  • Reactive symptoms
  • Obsessions
  • Compulsions

  • Obsessions
  • Compulsive preoccupation with a fixed idea or an
    unwanted feeling or emotion, often accompanied by
    symptoms of anxiety.
  • Compulsions
  • An irresistible impulse to act, regardless of the
    rationality of the motivation

Question 41
  • The fourth of Jean Piagets stages of cognitive
    development, characterized by the ability to
    consistently engage in abstract thinking is the
  • Sensorimotor stage
  • Pre-conventional stage
  • Pre-operational stage
  • Concrete operational stage
  • Formal operational stage

Piagets Stages
  • Sensorimotorbirth to 2
  • Object Permanence
  • Develops in this stage fully developed by
  • Preoperational2 to 6/7
  • Egocentrism
  • Concrete Operational7-11
  • Conservation
  • Formal Operational adolescence

Question 43
  • Which of the following is the best example of
    negative reinforcement?
  • Being spanked for failing to clean your room
  • Eating a handful of candy which reduces your
    sadness and boredom
  • Being threatened with physical punishment without
    its being carried out
  • Being made to sit quietly on a chair for exactly
    two minutes
  • Drinking a huge amount of water before competing
    in a long road race

Question 45
  • The way words are combined to form appropriate
    phrases and sentences is called
  • Morphology
  • Phonology
  • Holophrastics
  • Syntax
  • Semantics

  • Syntax
  • Set of rules that govern the formation of phrases
    and sentences in a language
  • Morpheme
  • Smallest unit of language that has meaning EX
    dog, run, -ed, -s
  • Phoneme
  • Smallest unit of sound that affects the meaning
    of speech EX a in cat and cake

Question 48
  • Which of the following are actual parenting
    styles as described by researcher Diana Baumrind?
  • Neglectful, aggressive, disdainful
  • Neglectful, aggressive, permissive
  • Aggressive, disdainful, authoritarian
  • Disdainful, authoritarian, authoritative
  • Permissive, authoritarian, authoritative

Question 49
  • Which of the following is the best example of
    holophrastic speech?
  • Potty!
  • Yesterday I goed to the fire station.
  • Me juice.
  • Mommy go out.
  • We went to the store and bought milk.

  • Babbling
  • Holophrastic speech
  • The one word stage in language acquisition
  • Two word stage
  • Telegraphic speech
  • Basic sentences

Question 52
  • According to Albert Bandura, individuals who
    believe that their efforts can be successful in
    controlling events and outcomes have a high sense
  • Insight
  • Social responsibility
  • Self monitoring
  • Self efficacy
  • Self handicapping

Question 53
  • The 16 PF and the Big Five are both components of
  • Humanism
  • Trait Theory
  • Neo-Freudian theory
  • The collective unconscious
  • Attribution theory

16 PF
  • Questionnaire that assesses 16 basic traits

Question 54
  • Research in social psychology suggests that
    individuals are likely to be attracted to those
    who are
  • Aloof and seemingly unattainable
  • Similar to themselves and in relatively close
  • Quite dissimilar from themselves but who
    complement them well
  • Often absent
  • Judged to be of higher intelligence than

Question 55
  • Which of the following is the best example of the
    defense mechanism known as sublimation?
  • Michael is concerned about the size of his ears
    and feels certain that everyone is constantly
    looking at them.
  • Karen does poorly on a biology exam and says, I
    dont want to be a biologist anyway.
  • Anne has powerful, unconscious aggressive urges
    and decides to become a surgeon.
  • Dustin is attracted to pornographic material but
    he also leas a community censorship program
    against pornography.
  • Shaunna and Ed are told that their child has a
    terminal illness but remain convinced the child
    will recover.

Defense Mechanisms
  • Rationalization
  • Giving a socially acceptable reason for actions
    they really believe to be unacceptable EX
    everyone is doing it
  • Reaction Formation
  • Exact opposition to their true feelings EX child
    w/ low self-esteem becomes a bully
  • Displacement
  • Shifting your reaction from the real source of
    your distress to a safer individual or object EX
    kicking the dog!
  • Projection
  • Attributing our own unconscious desires to other
    people or objects EX two kids in a fight blame
    the other for starting it

Question 56
  • At the start of her course, a chemistry professor
    administers an assessment designed to measure
    aptitude in the study of chemistry. At the end
    of the course she finds a strong negative
    correlation between scores on the aptitude test
    and final grades for the chemistry course. The
    result indicates the aptitude test lacks
  • Inter-rater reliability
  • Intra-rater reliability
  • Test-retest reliability
  • Construct reliability
  • Predictive reliability

Predictive Reliability
  • indicates the percentage of variability in one
    data series that can be accounted for by the
    variability in the other data series

Question 57
  • Which of the following states that there is a
    correlation between performance on a task, the
    difficulty of the task, and optimum levels of
  • Webers Law
  • Stevens Power Law
  • The Law of Effect
  • The law of Pragnaz
  • Yerkes-Dodson Law

  • Yerkes-Dodson Law
  • that performance increases with physiological or
    mental arousal, but only up to a point. When
    levels of arousal become too high, performance
    decreases. The process is often illustrated
    graphically as a curvilinear, inverted U-shaped
    curve which increases and then decreases with
    higher levels of arousal
  • Webers Law
  • The size of the JND is always large when the
    stimulus intensity is high, and small when the
    stimulus intensity is low
  • Law of Pragnanz
  • Our perceptual system prefers to see a fully
    developed shape, such as a complete circle rather
    than a broken circle
  • Law of Effect
  • Thorndike
  • Stevens Power Law
  • The relationship between the actual magnitude of
    the stimulus and its perceived magnitudemore
    accurate than Fechners law

Question 58
  • In a perfectly normal distribution a score of 100
    on a current IQ test would place you at
    approximately what percentile?
  • 3rd
  • 34th
  • 50th
  • 84th
  • 97th

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  • For a language test with a normally distributed
    scores, the mean was 70 and the SD was 10.
    Approximately what percentage of test takers
    scored 60 and above?
  • A- 16
  • B-34
  • C-68
  • D-84
  • E-95

Question 59
  • Raymond Cattell argued that there are two basic
    types of intelligence. Of those, which is most
    closely associated with reasoning, novel problem
    solving, and understanding of the relationships
    between ideas?
  • Fluid intelligence
  • Multiplicity
  • Flow
  • Crystallized intelligence
  • Primary intelligence

Raymond Cattell Gen. Intelligence can be broken
down into 2 parts
  • Crystallized intelligence
  • Knowledge a person has acquired plus the ability
    to access that knowledge
  • EX math or vocab test
  • Fluid intelligence
  • The ability to see complex relationships and
    solve problems
  • EX algorithms heuristics

Question 60
  • An alcoholic is on a program in which he takes a
    medication which, when combined with alcohol,
    induces extreme nausea and vomiting. This is an
    example of
  • Vicarious conditioning
  • Intermittent reinforcement
  • Tardive dyskinesia
  • Blocking
  • Aversive therapy

Question 64
  • Chris exhibits intense lack of trust and fear of
    abandonment along with a very low frustration
    threshold. This is accompanied by extreme
    instability of mood and behavior. Chriss
    symptoms most closely fit which of the following
    personality disorders?
  • Schizotypal
  • Anti-Social
  • Borderline
  • Passive aggressive
  • narcissistic

Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Unpredictable moods and stormy interpersonal
    relationships, often becoming upset and abusive
    in response to perceived slights. They also have
    little tolerance for frustration. Impulsivity
    may be seen in a tendency for substance abuse,
    gambling, sexual promiscuity, binge eating,
    reckless driving, self-mutilation, or suicide

Question 65
  • Anti-psychotic drugs typically
  • Stimulate the sympathetic nervous system
  • Excite norepinephrine activity
  • Inhibit dopamine activity
  • Are unsuccessful in 90 percent of cases
  • Help in 90 percent of cases

Question 66
  • An eclectic approach
  • Places its emphasis on the patients view of
    their own dysfunction
  • Focuses on what is occurring in the present
    moment, with little attention given to the past
  • Is statistically successful only in the treatment
    of personality disorders
  • Employs many different techniques, depending on
    the specific needs of individual patients
  • Denies the existence of an accessible unconscious
    mind and thus focuses only on the outward actions
    of the patient

Question 67
  • According to Fritz Heiders attribution theory, a
    student is more likely to attribute his poor
    grade of a D on an essay to
  • His teachers incompetence
  • Predictable circumstances
  • His own lack of preparation
  • His own low intelligence
  • High self efficacy

Question 68
  • A fundraiser hopes to get nearby residents to
    contribute money to a charitable endeavor.
    First, she has volunteers visit those residents,
    asking them to display a small sticker in their
    windows that states support for the cause. One
    month later, the volunteers return to ask for a
    contribution to the cause and they easily reach
    their goal. The fundraiser relied on which of
    the following persuasion techniques?
  • Reciprocity
  • Mutuality
  • The foot-in-the-door technique
  • The door-in-the-face technique
  • The self enhancement technique

Question 69
  • What we expect to see, hear, taste, or smell can
    actually influence the experience. This
    describes the influence of
  • Bottom-up processing
  • The proximal stimulus
  • Feature detection
  • Perceptual set
  • Closure

Perceptual Set
  • Readiness to detect a particular stimulus in a
    given contextas when a person who is afraid
    interprets an unfamiliar sound in the night as a
  • Highway patrol has a perceptual set w/ sporty red

Question 70
  • One researcher investigating cheating in colleges
    and universities distributes a survey on the
    topic to juniors at a local community college. A
    second researcher interested in the same topic
    interview two students recently expelled from a
    major university in a cheating scandal. Which of
    the following disadvantages is essentially
    present in both approaches?
  • Both are very limited in generalizability
  • Both contain data tainted by the very presence of
    the researcher
  • Both fail to control for confounding variables
  • Both fail to control for the placebo effect
  • Both are prone to subject mortality

Question 71
  • A completely normal distribution
  • Contains no variation between scores
  • Is asymmetrical
  • Is statistically impossible
  • Has a mean, median, and mode which are all
    exactly equal
  • Accounts for only two standard deviations from
    the mean

Question 72
  • Nobel Prize winner Roger Sperry found that when
    he instantaneously displayed images to patients
    who had recently undergone split brain surgery
  • They were able to verbally report what had been
    shown to their right eye but not what had been
    shown to their left eye
  • They were able to verbally report what had been
    shown to their left eye but not what had been
    shown to their right eye
  • They were unable to verbally report having seen
    anything at all displayed to either eye, but
    could draw what they had seen
  • They were unable to report in any way anything
    they had seen in either eye
  • Even though they had just had the surgery, they
    had learned to adapt immediately and could thus
    verbally report anything that had been displayed
    to either eye

(No Transcript)
Question 75
  • In this scenario, what are the controlled
    stimulus and the unconditioned stimulus,
  • The injection the veterinarian
  • The veterinarian the yelp of pain
  • The yelp of pain the veterinarian
  • The injection the needle
  • The needle the injection

Question 78
  • Which of the following is the best example of
    Jean Piagets concept of pre-operational
  • A three-year-old child is talking to her father
    on the phone and silently nods her head yes to
    one of his questions, seemingly unaware that he
    cannot see the nod while on the phone.
  • A nine-month-old boy searches for a ball that has
    rolled under the couch.
  • A 15-year-old believes that everyone is waiting
    for me to make a fool of myself.
  • An 8-year-old understands that the amount of clay
    she holds in her hand does not change even if she
    flattens the ball of clay with her other hand.
  • A college student believes he has a superior
    intellect to all of the students who live in his
    college dormitory.

Question 80
  • An elderly man spends the final days of his life
    in a hospice, reflecting back on events in hopes
    that he has made a worthwhile contribution and
    that his existence has some meaning. Erik
    Erikson would say that this man has reached the
    eighth stage of psychosocial development, labeled
  • Generativity vs. stagnation
  • Integrity vs. despair
  • Intimacy vs. isolation
  • Autonomy vs. shame and doubt
  • Industry vs. inferiority

  • Eriksons Stages of Psychosocial Development
  • Trust Versus Mistrust. From ages birth to one
  • Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt. Between the ages of
    one and three.
  • Initiative vs. Guilt. Around age three and
    continuing to age six.
  • Industry vs. Inferiority. From age six years to
  • Identity vs. Role Confusion. Adolescence.
  • Intimacy vs. Isolation. Young adulthood.
  • Generativity vs. Stagnation.  Middle adulthood.
  • Ego Integrity vs. Despair. Senior Citizens.

Question 82
  • The gradual unfolding of development, which
    occurs naturally with little or no environmental
    intervention, is known as
  • Linear perspective
  • Maturation
  • Continuity
  • Socialization
  • Normative growth

Question 83
  • An individual filled with unconscious hostility
    and anger frequently describes his colleagues at
    work as being violent and hostile. This is an
    example of
  • Regression
  • Projection
  • Displacement
  • Sublimation
  • Intellectualization

Defense Mechanisms
  • Rationalization
  • Giving a socially acceptable reason for actions
    they really believe to be unacceptable EX
    everyone is doing it
  • Reaction Formation
  • Exact opposition to their true feelings EX child
    w/ low self-esteem becomes a bully
  • Displacement
  • Shifting your reaction from the real source of
    your distress to a safer individual or object EX
    kicking the dog!
  • Projection
  • Attributing our own unconscious desires to other
    people or objects EX two kids in a fight blame
    the other for starting it

Question 84
  • In cases of schizophrenia, behaviors that
    indicate a loss or lack of function as compared
    to healthy people (as in absence of or extremely
    flattened emotional response) are referred to as
  • Reactive symptoms
  • Process symptoms
  • Positive symptoms
  • Negative symptoms
  • Chronic symptoms

Question 85
  • One modern attempt to uncover the roots of
    disorders such as schizophrenia emphasizes the
    interaction between genetic predispositions and
    environmental triggers of such predispositions.
    This is called the
  • Diathesis-stress model
  • Biophysiological model
  • Organic model
  • Cognitive-behavioral model
  • Socio-cultural model

Diathesis stress model
  • the diathesis stress model suggests that people
    may have a vulnerability for a disorder, but some
    kind of life stress is required for this
    potential to be triggered.
  • The higher the diathesis (predisposition) the
    less stress is needed and vice versa
  • Explanations of
  • not 100 of identical twins both get
  • why a large percent of people in traumatic
    situations (post 911, rape, etc.) never develop

Question 86
  • Edward Tolman discovered that rats that had been
    exposed to a maze first and then asked to run the
    maze to completion only demonstrated that they
    had actually learned the maze when reinforced for
    doing so. He called this
  • Trial and error learning
  • Latent learning
  • Insight learning
  • Observational learning
  • Predisposed learning

Edward Tolman
  • Challenged Behaviorism in that he showed that
    simple associations between stimuli and responses
    could not explain all behavior, specifically the
    ones showed in his experiments.
  • Let rats wonder about a maze for several hours
    w/o any reinforcement. Later those same rats
    were able to negotiate through the maze quicker
    than rats who had never seen the maze before
    (both w/ reinforcement)

Question 87
  • In regard to anti-social personality disorder,
    which of the following is best supported by
    current biological evidence?
  • It is correlated with an excess of dopamine
  • It is correlated with a deficiency in dopamine
  • It results in enlarged ventricles in the brain.
  • It is correlated with lower than normal levels of
    physiological arousal.
  • It is correlated with higher than normal levels
    of physiological arousal.

Question 88
  • Eleanor Rosch conducted research on a cultural
    group in New Guinea that used only two color
    names and a group of Americans whose language
    includes many names for different colors. Each
    group of Americans whose language includes many
    names for different colors. Each group was
    exposed to colored chips and then asked to recall
    them later. Although the group with only two
    color names was expected to do less well than the
    second group in recalling the colored chips, no
    significant difference was found between the two
    groups. This seems to challenge which of the
    following theories that suggests that a cultures
    language influences its cognitions.
  • Chomskys theory of the L.A.D.
  • The generative hypothesis
  • Thurstones theory of primary mental abilities
  • Whorfs linguistic Relativity Theory
  • Sternbergs Triarchic Theory

Whorfs Linguistic Relativity Theory
  • an individual's thoughts are influenced by the
    language(s) they have available to express them.
  • language provides "habits" of thought that
    influence cognition

Question 89
  • A psychoanalyst believes her patient has begun to
    experience and express feelings toward her that
    actually mirror the feelings the patient feels
    for her own mother. Sigmund Freud called this
  • Catharsis
  • Gestalt
  • Resistance
  • Countertransference
  • Transference

Question 90
  • Which of the following is the most abundant
    inhibitory neurotransmitter in humans, in that
    the majority of synapses respond to it?
  • Dopamine
  • G.A.B.A.
  • Epinephrine
  • Glutamate
  • Substance P

Question 92
  • In a very crowded restaurant, a man appears to be
    choking on some food but no one comes to his aid
    until a police officer on duty nearby is called
    in. After the man recovers, many at the
    restaurant say the were reluctant to intervene
    because they did not know for certain that it was
    an emergency situation. This bystander
    scenario is an illustration of which of the
    following concepts?
  • Pluralistic ignorance
  • The norm of reciprocity
  • The norm of social responsibility
  • Conformity to norms
  • Compliance

Pluralistic Ignorance
  • the majority of individuals in a group assume
    that most of their thoughts are different in some
    way, while the truth is that they are more
    similar than they realize. They thus will conform
    with supposed norms. When most people do this,
    the supposed norm becomes the norm.

Question 93
  • Which of the following refers to a test of
    absolute threshold?
  • A volunteer rates the level of his own
    physiological arousal in response to a set of
    pheromones presented by the experimenter.
  • A volunteer rates the level of his own
    physiological arousal in response to a set of
    pheromes presented by the experimenter.
  • A volunteer is tested to see if she can identify
    a small odor of perfume in a large room at least
    half of the time that the perfume is presented.
  • A volunteer is asked to rate levels of electric
    shock in terms of her ability to tolerate the
    pain caused at each level.
  • A volunteer is evaluated on the ability to
    determine whether one weight is heavier than a
    second weight.

Question 96
  • According to Carl Jungs theory of unconscious
    archetypes, animus is the
  • Public self that one allows others to see
  • Private self that one intentionally buries so
    that others cannot see it
  • Part of the personality that is considered most
    evil and therefore frightening
  • Feminine side of a mans personality
  • Masculine side of a womans personality

Question 97
  • The theory that humans identify the pitch of
    sounds according to the location of vibrations
    along the basilar membrane is called
  • Feature analysis theory
  • Place theory
  • Wave theory
  • Frequency theory
  • Oscillation theory

Question 98
  • A voter finds a political candidate personally
    appealing and plans to vote for that candidate.
    When told of proposals the politician has made
    that contradict earlier statements made by that
    politician, the voter ignores the arguments.
    This is best explained by
  • The representativeness heuristic
  • The Rosenthal Effect
  • The self serving bias
  • Confirmation bias
  • The fundamental attribution error

Confirmation Bias
  • tendency to search for or interpret new
    information in a way that confirms one's
    preconceptions and avoids information and
    interpretations which contradict prior beliefs

Question 99
  • Volunteers in a study receive injections of
    epinephrine (without knowing it as such) which
    result in elevated heart and respiration rates.
    Some of those volunteers, when placed in a
    setting with another person who pretends to be
    very angry, interpret their own physical
    sensations as representative of anger. Other
    volunteers, placed after the injection with a
    person who acts very happy and animated,
    interpret their own physical feelings as
    representative of happiness. These results are
    most supportive of which of the following?
  • James-Lange Theory
  • Cannon-Bard Theory
  • Schachter-Singer Cognitive Physiological Theory
  • Sociobiology Theory
  • Ethological Theory

Schachter-Singer Cognitive Physiological Theory
  • James Lange
  • emotion-provoking stimulus produces a physical
    response that in turn produces an emotion
  • Cannon Bard
  • Emotional feeling and the internal physical
    response occur simultaneously both the result of
    cognitive appraisal
  • Schachter-Singer (two factor theory)
  • Emotion results from cognitive appraisal of both
    physical arousal AND emotion provoking stimulus

Question 100
  • In human perception of some object, we call the
    size and shape of the object as it actually
    exists in the world
  • A frame of reference
  • A prototype
  • An oraganismic variable
  • The distal stimulus
  • The proximal stimulus

Distal Stimulus
  • Size or shape constancy
  • Proximal stimulus image that falls on the
    retina, not the actual size or shape of the
    object as it truly exists in the world

Question 101
  • Are you going to DOMINATE the AP Psych Test?
  • Yes
  • No
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