Overview of the FAO - Government of Kenya Agrobiodiversity Programme FAO - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Overview of the FAO - Government of Kenya Agrobiodiversity Programme FAO

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Collaboration for policy and strategic support for sustainable ecosystems, rural ... Drought resistant crops: sorghum varieties; green gram; pigeon pea ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Overview of the FAO - Government of Kenya Agrobiodiversity Programme FAO


1
Overview of the FAO - Government of Kenya
Agrobiodiversity Programme FAONetherlands
Partnership Programme(FNPP II - 2005 2007)
Collaboration for policy and strategic support
for sustainable ecosystems, rural livelihoods and
food security by Sally Bunning FAO-Rome and
Michael Makokha, FAO-Kenya
2
Guiding principles of Kenya strategic integrated
programme
  • People centred (gender equity)
  • Inter-sectoral process
  • Strengthen existing programme activities  
  • Policy impact in short/ medium term
  • Ecosystem approach
  • Opportunity to establish synergies
  • Integrating water

Food Security
3 Themes
Agrobiodiversity
Forestry
3
AgBio Programme framework and linkages
Policy dialogue- mainstreaming AGBD, enabling
environment Harmonisation AGBD, FS, FO
3
Feedback
Integrated land use, resources and
agrobiodiversity assessment INRA
Status /trends of plant genetic resources
Specific studies markets and seed system
2
Specific databases-invasive spp.
Training institutes - information and curricula
devt.
1b
Local community FFS action in Lake Zone district
- fishing communities
Local community FFS action in Dryland district
-agropastoral communities
Case studies and policy briefs
1a
4
AGBD Programme responds to needs identified
Habitat management (beaches, user rights,
pollination) Integrated resources
management (agro-ecological approaches river
basin management, soil, water, biological
resources) Alternative livelihoods (fishing
communities) Invasiveness (e.g. Prosopis other
woody species. learning from fisheries) Responding
to HIV/AIDS (labour saving CA approaches,
nutrition, fisher-trader links) Drought
resilience (local varieties/species, runoof
management Markets - Seeds Networks (prices,
organisation, farming as a business)
5
Agrobiodiversity Programme (1) Local level FFS
in diverse farming systems/AEZ
Identifying and adapting agro-biodiversity
management options opportunities 1) Mwingi
district, semi-arid agro-pastoral ? drought
resilient, mixed systems 2. Bondo district,
Sub-humid Lake Zone ?sustainable, productive
aquatic and terrestrial systems 3. Coastal zone
INRA pilot
Link with drylands Sudan, Eritrea, Somalia
1
2
Link across Lake Victoria basin
6
Encourage partnerships for institutional capacity
building integrated NR management.
  • Multiple Partners are identified for synergy and
    collaboration
  • Ministries of Agriculture and Livestock
  • Departments Resource survey and remote sensing
    Fisheries and forestry
  • Ministry of Environment and Education
  • technical bodies KARI, KEFRI, ICRAF,ITDG, JKU,
    ICRISAT, ILRI, KEMFRI...
  • Community level District, FFS, Extension,
  • Universities (Egerton, Moi, Jomo Kenyatta)
  • Training colleges- teacher training, agriculture
    and forestry
  • Partner organisations ICRISAT, Bioversity, ITDG,
    CIKSAP
  • Aim attention/ development of a steering
    committee at policy level

7
LEARNING BY DOING REFLECTING
Observation
Analysis
Presentation
Synthesis /discussion
8
Identified General topics for FFS process
  • Community resources management impacts
    (species, habitats, etc.)
  • Changing customs and innovations (practices,
    by-laws, diet, recipes..)
  • Local conservation strategies individual and
    communal
  • Effects of markets and market development
  • Ecological services e.g. pollination, beekeeping
    soil health, water
  • Impact of cash crops (on systems, income,
    environment, security..)
  • IPM, safe use and beneficial insect species
  • Links with other actors (nutrition, health,
    business management etc.)
  • Coast Farming, fish farming and fisheries in
    Lake Victoria basin
  • Local vegetables (income, nutrition, ..)
  • Alien species
  • 2 fisheries scenarios river (aquaculture) and
    lake (catch)
  • Upstream agric. and non-agricultural practices
    affecting aquatic area
  • Changes in aquatic area (not only fish)
  • Conservation and use e.g. products of wild
    harvested spp.such as Papyrus
  • Mwingi Drought resilient agropastoral systems
  • Genebank of local varieties
  • Communal seed systems (storage)
  • Effects of commercialised crops
  • Drought resistant crops sorghum varieties
    green gram pigeon pea
  • Resilient, productive systems (water harvesting
    etc.)

9
Expanding FFS to agro-pastoral communities?
  • Challenges
  • From individual farms to communal land
  • Community extension facilitators
  • Group experimentation
  • Curriculum

10
1a)Targets farmer groups, extension/facilitators
PRA and AGBD study Identify issues for
FFS Curriculum development FFS Conduct and
evaluation Documenting process and lessons
FFS Resource management systems, land water,
Diversification- species, habitat management
Soil health, pollination, aquaculture fishery
LInKS
11
1.b) Targets extension and technical staff
  • Curriculum development integrate AGBD in
    training
  • Training materials/ short courses
  • Livelihood approaches- HIV/AIDS, gender,
    nutrition
  • Exchange between extension and training
  • Workshops with colleges
  • Development of Case studies and Policy briefs

FFS in Kenya
12
Example of a training module and FFS study
  • Pollination is an important ecosystem function
    that affects crop production
  • An ecosystem service critical in agriculture
  • Determines plant diversity and food supply 60 of
    food plants insect pollinated
  • Role in sustaining natural plant populations
  • Direct influence on fruit set, seed set, fruit
    quality and quantity
  • Work being conducted with Jomo kenyatta
    University (Grace Njoroge et al) developing
    training modules FFS study

13
Work on pollination in kenya
  • Pollination has direct influence on yields even
    at low fertilizer levels
  • Farmers have important local knowledge need to
    document and use
  • Capacity building Need for interactive training
    and Public awareness on role on ecological
    functions e.g. pollination, soil biodiversity
    etc. to affect policy
  • Assessment Need more surveys especially for
    crops in fragile ecosystems to monitor pollinator
    declines and causes with local people
  • Adaptive management Strategy for conservation
    and management of pollination services
  • Cashew nuts flies, ants and honeybees for nut
    development
  • Coffee improves flavor
  • Sunflower and cotton - oil output increased
  • Coconut - bees yield doubled.

14
AgBio 2 Improving access to information
knowledge
  • 2.a INRA Integrated natural resources (and
    biodiversity) assessment
  • (builds on forest resources assessment)
  • Assess available information and needs (status
    and trends - land use, habitat/species)
  • Develop and pilot inter-sectoral methodology
    (AGBD, land use, land, water, other natural
    resources, ecosystem)
  • Identify indicator and tools (field survey,
    transects, RRA-questionnaire)
  • Capacity building (Participatory mapping and
    assessment RS, sampling,
  • Compatible data, database development and
    analysis)

Targets technical capacity informed decision
making by policy makers/resource managers
15
Improving access to information knowledge
(continued)
  • 2.b) Information systems on alien species in
    fisheries and forestry (for management and early
    warning)
  • 2c) Information on plant genetic resources for
    food an agriculture
  • Assess status of genetic resources with FFS
  • Train people to collect and analyse data
  • Improve the quality of information about PGRFA
    status and dynamics
  • Contribute to reporting commitment to State of
    World report on PGRFA
  • link with over 26 key PGR institutions
  • Targets technical extension level (Partners
    Genebank, IPGRI..)

16
2d) Research on Managing Seed Systems to promote
the sustainable utilization of crop genetic
resources
  • Two focus areas
  • 1. Using markets to promote sustainable use of
    CGR
  • How to manage seed systems to promote
    sustainable agriculture, improved farm welfare
    and in situ conservation of important crop
    genetic diversity. Methodology development
  • Case studies Mali, Kenya, India, Mexico,
    Bolivia
  • 2. Economic analysis of seed system impacts on
    farm welfare and on farm diversity
  • Assessing the links between seed systems and
    farm level use of crops and varieties and their
    implications for welfare and diversity
  • Case studies Ethiopia (Sorghum, Wheat)
    Mozambique (cowpea) India (Pearl Millet) Mexico
    (Maize) in partnership with IPGRI, ICRISAT,
    IFPRI, and CIMMYT

17
Work together to achieve happy healthy farmers
and ecosystems
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