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General Assembly 2003 2003 Performance and 2004 Business Plan Highlights


Make benchmarking a dynamic process making use of the restructured CAI-Asia website ... PM 2.5 data for the last two years and Source Apportionment Study ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: General Assembly 2003 2003 Performance and 2004 Business Plan Highlights

General Assembly 2003-2003 Performance and 2004
Business Plan Highlights
Manila, Philippines 16 December, 2003
CAI-Asia Goals
The Clean Air Initiative promotes and
demonstrates innovative ways to improve the air
quality of Asian Cities through sharing
experiences and building partnerships
  • Sharing knowledge and experiences on air quality
  • Capacity building
  • Improving policy and regulatory frameworks at the
    regional level
  • Assisting cities in formulating and implementing
    integrated air quality management systems
  • Piloting projects to encourage innovation

Create an Air Quality Management Community in
Overall Objectives for 2004
  • Strengthen CAI-Asia involvement in the policy
    discussion on air quality management in Asia by
    participation in relevant policy forums ASEAN,
    UNEP, and others.
  • Strengthen the AQM movement in Asia by better
    coordination of regional initiatives and networks
    on air quality management
  • Establish CAI-Asia as the most relevant and
    reliable information source on AQM by maintaining
    and expanding the CAI-Asia database
  • Strengthen Capacity Building by strengthening
  • Increase engagement of local CAI-Asia members in
    AQM by promoting local networks and other city
    focused activities
  • Promote development of better understanding of AQ
    problems and issues by initiating and conducting
    innovative studies and pilot projects on AQM

Part 1
  • Organizational Development

Membership - 2003
  • Current 25 Cities, 16 NGAs, 23 NGOs, 17
    Academic Organizations, 3 local networks, 7
    development agencies, 2 full private sector
    members and 11 associate private sector members
  • Individual members are 600
  • MoA with IGES and APMA, under discussion

CAI-Asia Members
CITIES Bangkok,Thailand Chang Mai,Thailand Chengdu
,PRC Chittagong,Bangladesh Chongqing,PRC Colombo,S
ri Lanka Guangzhou,PRC Hangzhou,PRC Hanoi,Viet
Nam Harbin,PRC Ho Chi Minh City,Viet
Nam Hyderabad, India Islamabad,Pakistan Kathmandu,
Nepal Makati,Philippines Metro Manila,
Philippines Mumbai, India Naga,Philippines Phnom
Penh,Cambodia Pune, India Singapore,
(NEA) Surabaya,Indonesia Tianjin,PRC Ulaanbaatar,
Mongolia Yogjakarta,Indonesia
  • 40 NGOs and Academic Institutions in the Region

Balochistan EPA, Pakistan NGAs Central
Pollution Control Board, India Department of
Environment, Bangladesh Department of
Environment and Natural Resources,
Philippines Department of Transportation and
Communications, Philippines Dhaka Transport
Coordination Board, Bangladesh Ministry of
Environment, Cambodia Ministry of Environment,
Indonesia Ministry of Public Works and Transport,
Cambodia Ministry of Road Transport and
Highways, India Pollution Control Department,
Thailand State Environmental Protection
Administration (PRC focal point) Viet Nam
Register, Viet Nam
Bank Australian Dept. for Environment and
Heritage German Agency for Technical Cooperation
(GTZ) The William and Flora Hewlett
Foundation United States Asia Environmental
Partnership World Bank
Member AVL Corning ACFA
DEKRA Cerulean
Membership 2004
  • City members to grow to 30, limited growth for
    NGOs and academe
  • Priority to increase in number of NGAs,
    development agencies and private sector members
  • Apart from increase in number of members
    increased focus on active membership

General Assembly- What should be CAI-Asia
approach to inactive members?
Legal status CAI-Asia
  • Recommendation not to adopt a formal legal
  • Apply for observer status in UN system

CAI-Asia information and outreach 2004
  • Update CAI-Asia brochure,CAI-Asia posters,
    CAI-Asia Audio Visual Presentation, CAI-Asia
  • Pro-active use of CAI-Asia website to document
    air quality management and community building
  • Present CAI-Asia at workshops and conferences
  • Organize CAI-Asia presentation in Japan, Europe
    and USA to introduce CAI-Asia to potential
    members and supporters

Evaluation CAI-Asia
  • Evaluation of CAI-Asia (February 2001 June
    2004) focusing on
  • i) need for a regional initiative on AQM
  • ii) conceptual approach of CAI-Asia
  • iii) efficiency and effectiveness of activities
  • iv) functioning of institutional set-up for
  • v) view points of different constituencies on
    performance of CAI-Asia
  • Evaluation to be conducted by independent team in
    third quarter 2004
  • Results of evaluation to be input in development
    of CAI-Asia program 2005 - 2008
  • Task Force to be set up to (1) develop ToR (2)
    select evaluators (3) interact with evaluators,
    (4) recommend on what to do with report

Part 2
  • Knowledge Management and Capacity Building

CAI-Asia website- http//
  • CAI-Asia website restructured in 2004,
    integrating the old CAI-Asia website and the ADB
    vehicle emissions website.
  • Restructured website will be used for data
    repository and for community building
  • CAI-Asia members will actively contribute to the
    management of the website

Benchmarking of AQM in Asia
  • Second phase of the APMA CAI-Asia Benchmarking
    study nearing completion
  • 25 Cities included in second phase
  • Second Phase Benchmarking Report to be presented
    at side event at UNEP Governing Council/ Global
    Ministerial Environment Forum in March 2003 in
  • In 2003 Benchmarking activities to be continued
    with 30 cities
  • Growing emphasis on reliability of data
  • Make benchmarking a dynamic process making use of
    the restructured CAI-Asia website

  • PCD Thailand now functioning as CATNet Asia
  • In 2003, three courses were developed and one
  • In 2004 additional courses to be developed and
    delivered, in addition to delivery of 2003
  • Strengthen organizational set-up of CATNet Asia
    as a program of CAI-Asia
  • Coordinate with other groups conducting AQM

CATNet Asia Distance learning
  • Distance Learning Course coordinated by World
    Bank Institute. First course delivered in
  • Preparations ongoing for 2004 delivery of DL in
    China, Vietnam, Pakistan and Bangladesh
  • World Bank to set up 50,000 pilot fund to
    support delivery of DL course in individual

Fuel Quality Strategy Development
  • In 2003 hands-on training program was developed
    and delivered on Fuel Quality Strategy for
    regulators from Bangladesh, Sri-Lanka, Vietnam,
    Indonesia and Philippines
  • CAI-Asia will continue to follow up with
    International Fuel Quality Center on the action
    plans formulated in the training in Sydney,
  • CAI-Asia will follow up with Environment
    Australia to investigate the possibilities to
    repeat the training course for other countries
    not included in the 2003 training

Strengthening I/M in Asia
  • Inspection and Maintenance (I/M) of in use
    vehicles is weak in several countries in Asia.
  • Objective of this new activity in 2004 is to
    strengthen the capacity of regulators in a number
    of selected countries in Asia to regulate I/M
  • Activity to be implemented through CAI-Asia
    members from I/M sector, CITA and Global Road
    Safety Partnership.

Part 3
  • Regional Cooperation and Harmonization

Coordination of Regional Networks
  • Currently over 12 regional initiatives and
    networks on AQM in Asia.
  • In 2003 CAI-Asia has started to develop contacts
    with most
  • CAI-Asia, based on its scope and objectives,
    geographical coverage, resources and
    institutional setting well suited to act as
    coordinator of networks
  • CAI-Asia website to document different
    initiatives and networks
  • CAI-Asia will organize annual coordination
    meeting with other network/initiatives
  • CAI-Asia will strive towards joint work-plans,
    through MoUs

Strategic Framework For Air Quality Management
  • Joint APMA CAI-Asia Strategic Framework on Air
    Quality Management in Asia completed in 2003
    through 4 country consultations and one regional
    policy dialogue and circulation of the document
    to relevant groups
  • Final draft Strategic Framework to be presented
    at side event at UNEP Governing Council/ Global
    Ministerial Environment Forum in March 2003 in

Manila Policy Dialogue on Environment and
  • CAI-Asia was represented in the Environmentally
    Sustainable Transport workshop, organized by
    Ministry of Environment in Nagoya (March 2003)
  • CAI-Asia in discussion with MoE on coordination
    and cooperation with respect to the Manila Policy
    Dialogue on Environment and Transport, which is
    expected to result in the establishment of a
    forum on Transport and Environment as well as
    other follow-up activities
  • To limit overlap and duplication CAI-Asia will
    work towards a MoU with MoE, Japan and the United
    Nations Center for Regional Development

Oil Industry CAI-Asia Dialogue on Cleaner Fuels
in Asia
  • Oil industry Dialogue, established in July 2003,
    brings 12 oil companies together to discuss
    cleaner fuels for Asia
  • In 2004, Dialogue will make a start with the
    implementation of ToR, first phase of Dialogue to
    be completed in August 2004
  • Dialogue will be expanded to include automobile
    and motorcycle manufacturers

Part 4
  • Promotion of formulation and Implementation of
    Air Quality Management Strategies

Local networks
  • In 2003 a start was made with establishment of
    local CAI-Asia networks in Philippines,
    Indonesia, Sri-Lanka and China
  • In 2004 substantive additional priority will be
    given to establishment of local networks to
    ensure a more substantive involvement of local
    CAI-Asia members
  • CAI-Asia will make use of projects by ADB, WB,
    US-AEP/USAID to set up capacity for the
    facilitation of local networks in amongst others
    PRC, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Vietnam, Sri-Lanka
  • Restructured CAI-Asia website will be used for
    community building

Facilitate air quality management strategies
  • CAI-Asia did not provide direct assistance in
    2003 for formulation of air quality management
  • In 2004 more proactive approach in which CAI-Asia
    secretariat will work more actively with its
    (development agency) members to mobilize support
    for formulation of AQM strategies. It is expected
    that ADB assistance will be available for about
    8-10 cities
  • In addition cooperation with other initiatives
    will also result in more attention for AQM
    strategies at city level

ASEAN Sustainable Cities
  • CAI-Asia participated in 2003 in the development
    of work-plan for the Asean Working Group on
    Environmentally Sustainable Cities (air quality
  • CAI-Asia expected to draw up a Memorandum of
    Agreement with Secretariat to provide further
    support to the implementation of the AQM
    component of the Asean Working Group on
    Environmentally Sustainable Cities

Mayors of Asia Pacific Environmental Summit
  • CAI-Asia participated actively in 2003 in MAPES
    workshop in Hawaii in co-management of air track
  • MAPES is of importance to CAI-Asia because of the
    emphasis on mobilizing leadership support for AQM
    at city level
  • CAI-Asia will document the commitments on air
    quality made by the mayors and assist MAPES in
    monitoring the implementation
  • CAI-Asia will continue to work with MAPES in
    providing support to cities working on air
    quality activities

Part 5
  • Pilot Projects

Pilot Projects General
  • CAI-Asia will continue most of its pilot projects
    from 2003 and start a number of new pilot
    projects in 2004
  • Each pilot project will get a dedicated page on
    the CAI-Asia website
  • CAI-Asia Secretariat, in coordination with
    managers of the pilot projects will focus on
    improved communication on pilot project
    activities and outputs to CAI-Asia membership at
    large and other interested parties

Public Health and Air Pollution in Asia (PAPA)
  • Organizational structure established for the PAPA
  • Inventory and analysis of (160) existing health
    effect studies in Asia carried out in 2003
  • Proposals for in-depth health studies solicited
    and evaluated in 2003
  • First group of in-depth city studies to be
    launched in 2003, as well as two special cohort
  • Additional proposals to be reviewed with the aim
    to increase the number of city impact studies

Diesel Emission Reduction Program
  • Diesel Emission Reduction Program in Bangkok was
    launched in 2003
  • Work ongoing on expanding the funding consortium
    World Bank, USAEP/USAID
  • Key activities planned for 2004 include
  • - vehicle stratified survey for in-use vehicles
  • - test protocol for emission factors and test
    200 vehicles
  • - develop easy to use policy model
  • - draft Plan of Action
  • - conduct in-depth stakeholder participation

Diesel Emission Reduction Program in Bangkok
  • Objective To develop a better understanding of
    the factors that influence vehicular emissions
    and to propose cost-effective control options in
    the context of the political economy of
    developing countries.
  • The scope of work for this program includes
  • Component 1 City-specific databases relating to
    diesel emissions from in-use vehicles
  • Component 2 Analysis of policy and technical
    options to reduce diesel emissions
  • Component 3 Selection of options, action plans
    and dissemination of findings

Diesel Emission Reduction Program in Bangkok
Achievements in 2003
  • Funding from ESMAP (250K), TFESSD (200K), US AEP
    (100K), PCD and LTD (lots of staff time).
    In-kind support from many
  • Project kick-off meeting on June 16, 2003 100
    people attended
  • PM 2.5 data for the last two years and Source
    Apportionment Study
  • In-use vehicle data in Bangkok obtained from DLT
    - problems
  • Stratified survey instrument and TOR ready
    January 2004
  • Cooperation with Japanese POINT project initiated
    - ongoing
  • Developing short test protocol - in process
  • Web site and brochure for project in progress
  • Hong Kong visit to learn - November and December
  • Steering Committee composed of 24 agency formed
    and met
  • Cooperation and support from external partners
    obtained in progress

Diesel Emission Reduction Program in Bangkok
Plans for 2004
  • Obtain additional funding from GEF, Private
    sector, etc. in the amount of 500K. Further
    in-kind support from many in Bangkok
  • Work with POINT project
  • Vehicle Stratified Survey to obtain on road
    vehicle data
  • Agree on test protocol and conduct 200 emissions
    factor tests on various types of diesel vehicles
    for several technologies, types of repairs,
    maintenance, policies, etc.
  • Develop an easy to use model for policy analysis
  • Analyze the results and draft a plan of action
  • Conduct in-depth discussions and workshop with
    various stakeholders
  • Assist other cities with their diesel pollution
    reduction plans

Emission Factor Development
  • In 2003 a draft project proposal was formulated
    and circulated
  • Purpose to arrive at realistic emission factors
    for Asian vehicles through better integration of
    existing efforts to develop emission factors as
    well as additional testing where required
  • Zero phase launched to arrive at a fundable pilot
    program (SW C8 in BAQ 2003)
  • Focus in 2004 on fund raising and implementation
    (including improved coordination of existing
    efforts related to emission factor development)

Cleaner Fuels
  • In 2003 a pilot study started on the impact of
    low and ultra low sulfur diesel on emissions of
    diesel vehicles
  • This is a modeling study for Bangalore, Bangkok
    and Manila and a hypothetical city. Draft results
    presented in BAQ 2003
  • For 2004 a study is proposed focusing on cleaner

Sustainable Urban Transport in Asia
  • CAI-Asia has received grant from Sida through ADB
    for the implementation of sustainable urban
    transport project with 4 components
  • - Inventory of experiences and resources on SUT
    in Asia
  • - Support for BAQ 2003/2004
  • - City case studies in three cities
  • - Development of sustainable urban management
  • CAI-Asia will enter into partnership with EMBARQ,
    who will provide co-financing for the
    implementation of this subproject
  • Reference group of experts to set up to function
    as technical oversight committee

Additional Pilot Projects under consideration
  • CNG Regulatory Framework (already in BP 2003)
  • Air Quality Governance (continuation of ongoing
    NRDC/RFF project)
  • Air Pollution and poverty

Part 6
  • CAI-Asia Workshops

CAI-Asia workshops
  • CAI-Asia will in 2004 be involved in different
    types of workshops
  • Workshops where CAI-Asia will be requested to
    make presentation
  • Workshops where CAI-Asia is providing limited
  • Workshops where CAI-Asia is main organizer

Workshops where CAI-Asia is requested to make
  • Decisions are made on case by case basis,
    priority is given to regional events or national
    events which are directly in line with the
    CAI-Asia Business Plan activities
  • CAI-Asia has a general presentation on its
    activities which is available to all members for
  • CAI-Asia Secretariat is actively looking for
    additional CAI-Asia spokes persons

Workshops where CAI-Asia is providing limited
  • Support tied in with strategic priorities of
    CAI-Asia (thematic and geographic)
  • CAI-Asia has limited funds available for such
    purposes, preference is in kind through provision
    of speakers and/or participants
  • In case of CAI-Asia support CAI-Asia likes to
    have partial control of program
  • Requests to be made well in advance (3 months)

Workshops where CAI-Asia is main organizer
  • Knowledge Management and Capacity Building,eg.
    CATNet, DL, specialized training courses.
  • Regional Coordination and Cooperation, including
    the proposed coordination meetings in Manila,
    Japan, Europe and USA.
  • Promotion of Formulation of Integrated Air
    Quality Management Strategies , eg. Proposed
    workshop in Shanghai, Kathmandu
  • Pilot Project related workshops, eg. Sida
    project, PAPA project, Diesel emission reduction

BAQ workshop
  • BAQ 2004 proposed in Delhi, 1-3 December 2004
    under auspices of MoEF and SIAM
  • Candidate cities for BAQ 2005 are requested to
    submit statement of interest with CAI-Asia

Part 7
  • CAI-Asia Funding

Funding Arrangements
  • CAI-Asia continues to work with a decentralized
    budget, whereby individual members take on
    responsibility for fund raising for individual
    pilot projects and activities
  • Budgeting and planning system under development
    which will allow better costing of CAI-Asia
    activities, to be installed in time for
    evaluation in 3 rd. quarter 2004
  • World Bank and ADB have been assigned by
    Executive Council as organizations authorized to
    receive funding on behalf of CAI-Asia. Grants
    channeled through ADB and World Bank follow WB
    and ADB procedures in procurement and reporting

Funding Sources (1)
  • Overall budget for CAI-Asia is about 2.5
    million and cost of combined Secretariat ADB and
    WB is about 0.5 million
  • CAI-Asia has continued to receive substantial
    funding from World Bank its activities both in
    the form of cash (trust-funds Finland, Japan,
    Netherlands and Norway) and from the ESMAP
    program as well as in kind through staff inputs
    and travel (Cash and in-kind estimated at
  • ADB has continued to fund CAI-Asia in the form of
    a Technical Assistance funded through the Japan
    Special Fund as well as in kind through staff
    input and travel (Cash and in kind estimated at
  • US-AEP has provided generous funding for
    participants travel to a range of CAI-Asia
    activities as well as by implementing support
    activities in CAI-Asia countries. Also CATNet
    Secretariat in PCD Thailand is funded through
    US-AEP/USAID in partnership with US-EPA (Cash and
    in kind estimated at 200,000)

Funding Sources 2
  • CAI-Asia has been able to substantially broaden
    funding for its activities
  • - 2 full private sector members ( 50,000)
    (from before 2003)
  • - 11 associate private sector members ( 15,000)
    joined CAI- Asia in 2003
  • - Grant from Hewlett Foundation ( 100,000)
    Oil Industry Dialogue
  • - Grant from Australian Department on
    Environment and Heritage ( 65,000) Fuel
    Quality Strategies Training
  • - Grant from Swedish International Development
    Agency ( 426,000) for sustainable urban
    transport in Asia program, with additional
    125,000 to follow from EMBARQ
  • - Grant from Japan Petroleum Energy Center (
    75,000) for study on impact low and ultra low
    sulfur diesel
  • - BAQ support and sponsorships 200,000
  • In addition CAI-Asia members were able to
    leverage additional funds for pilot studies, eg.
    HEI - 800,000

Funding Outlook 2004
  • Funding for functioning of CAI-Asia Secretariat
    in ADB, WB and CATNet Secretariat in PCD,
    Thailand has been secured through ADB, WB and
  • Funding for a substantial part of the BP 2004
    activities has been secured, while others are
    still under funded.
  • More money is required ?

BP 2004 Components and Funding (1)
BP 2004 Components and Funding (2)
BP 2004 Components and Funding (3)
BP 2004 Components and Funding (4)