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The Roots of terrorism and counterterrorist measures

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the processes in the world which make terrorists use the methods of terrorism ... Case study: the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Roots of terrorism and counterterrorist measures


1
  • The Roots of terrorism and counterterrorist
    measures

2
Definition of the term Terrorism
  • Therere over 200 definitions
  • Terrorism is a method while liberation is a
    purpose
  • Terrorists have ideology
  • When theres war therere no terrorists
  • Terrorism is a method of criminals
  • Terrorism is aimed at other people
  • Terrorists are people who use criminal actions of
    violence or threat of violence to other people to
    achieve a political goal in peaceful time

3
The roots of terrorism
  • There are passive and active factors
  • The passive factors
  • - the processes in the world which make
    terrorists use the methods of terrorism
  • - the factors with the help of which the
    phenomenon of terrorism is able to exist.

4
  • the processes in the world which make terrorists
    use the methods of terrorism are
  • Poverty
  • Clash of ideas


5
  • the factors with the help of which the phenomenon
    of terrorism is able to exist are
  • 1. The population has a free access to the
    information sufficient to commit a terrorist act
  • 2. Mass media
  • 3. Ideology
  • The active causes are special services,
    transnational banks, criminal organizations and
    other groups and leaders which have an aim to
    reach political and financial goals.

6
Case study RussiaChechnya
7
Case studyRussiaChechnya
  • The causes were poverty, clash of ideas,
    ideology, behind-the-scene leaders.
  • The first Chechen campaign was inconsistent,
    mass-media was not under control, there was no
    support by the population
  • The second military campaign proved to be more
    effective as
  • Mass media was taken under control
  • The policy to destroy terrorists even in a
    lavatory (V. V. Putin) was consistent and let
    the military forces do their job
  • The great support of population was achieved
    after the explosions in Volgadonsk and Moscow.
  • President Putin ameliorated the power of special
    services

8
The situation in the United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland.
9
Case study the United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland.
  • With special power act public meetings,
    processions and assemblies were prohibited.
    National aspirations were made illegal to
    express, people were not allowed to express their
    political preferences
  • With the Emergency power act not much has changed
  • The roots of the terrorism remained the clash of
    ideas and also the poverty of the Northern
    Ireland

10
Case study the USA
11
Case study the USA
  • The USA have no causes for the terrorist groups
    to appear within a country
  • As US policy is much broader than its territory
    it has enemies abroad.

12
The countries with very strong monolith ideology
the former USSR, North Korea, China
  • The reasons of the absence of terrorism
  • 1.the population is united into the whole one and
    there were no reasons for one group to hate
    another
  • 2.The government controls mass media
  • 3.Strong special services

13
Conclusion
  • 2 tasks to counter terrorism
  • 1) short-term
  • 2) long-term
  • Both are necessary to be solved simultaneously
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