Advancing Children - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

About This Presentation

Advancing Children


Activities of the CBU-including the Children Participating in ... Global Jamboree. Career options. Active and valued citizenship. Idasa-Children's Budget Unit ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:239
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 29
Provided by: Jud104


Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Advancing Children

Advancing Childrens Rights through rights-based
budgeting- Work of the CBU
  • Mario Claasen Stanton Scholtz
  • Childrens Budget Unit, Idasa

Structure of Presentation
  • Purpose of Presentation
  • Overview of the Childrens Budget Unit
  • Activities of the CBU-including the Children
    Participating in Governance Project
  • Conclusion
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

Purpose of the Presentation
  • To introduce the JMC to the CBU
  • Familiarize the JMC on rights-based budgeting
  • Introduce the JMC to the Children Participating
    in Governance Project impact of the programme on
    a child who participated in the Project
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

Overview of the CBU- Objectives
  • The Childrens Budget Unit conducts research,
    builds capacity and disseminate information that
    advocates for generation and use of resources for
    child rights realization, targeting governments
    and civil society organizations in developing
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

Context of Children in SA
  • In 2004, just over 18 million children (49 of
  • In 2004, 66 (11.9 million) children live in
    households with income of R1.500 p/m or less
  • In 2004, 260 000 children under the age of 15
    years are estimated to be living with HIV
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

Purpose of CBU Research
  • Provide information on
  • Programme design, budgeting, implementation and
    service delivery
  • Recommendations for policy and programme
  • Provide information to
  • Government officials, advocacy groups, monitoring
    bodies, research institutions, media and MPs.
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

CBU Research 1
  • Rights based Framework specifically
    socio-economic rights
  • If the socio-economic rights in the Constitution
    are to amount to more than paper promises, they
    must serve as useful tools in enabling people to
    gain access to the basic social services and
    resources needed to live a life consistent with
    human dignity Sandra Liebenberg (2003 1-2)
  • UN Convention on the Rights of the Child
  • African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the
  • South African Constitution
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

CBU Research 2 The SA Constitution
  • Chapter 2 Bill of Rights
  • Everyone has a right to housing, health care,
    food, water, education (basic further) social
    security (including social assistance)
  • Sec 28 Rights of Children
  • -Sec 28 (1) (c) basic nutrition, shelter, basic
    health care services and social services
  • -Sec 28 principle of best interests of a child
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

CBU Research 3 Constitutional Obligations
towards realizing Child Rights
  • Parliament and Provincial Legislatures
  • National and Provincial Executives
  • Courts
  • Parents
  • Human Rights Commission
  • Private Sector
  • Rights-bearers (beneficiaries)
  • Media
  • Civil Society
  • International Bodies
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

Debates on Jurisprudence
  • Minimum core basic standard of rights delivery
    and thereafter progressive realisation
  • Certain rights less qualified childrens rights
    in s28 s29 therefore a higher standard (rapidly
    as possible and reach all children in need)
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

Emerging SE Rights Jurisprudence
  • Reasonableness test for government programs
    (result of Grootboom TAC Judgments)
  • Reasonable in conception and implementation
  • Balanced and flexible
  • Provision for crisis, short, medium and long term
  • Not exclude a significant segment of the society
  • Most urgent needs must be met
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

CBU Research 4 Research Methodology
  • Laws, Policies and Programmes
  • Budgeting
  • Implementation and Service Delivery
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

CBU Research 5 Research Questions
  • Has government put a program in place to deliver
    the right?
  • If yes, are the most vulnerable targeted? Is the
    program non-discriminatory? Is it equitable?
  • Program budget allocation since inception and
    MTEF allocations
  • Percentage of total consolidated expenditure?
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

CBU Research 6 Research Questions
  • Has the real value of the service increased over
  • Have funds been wasted in the program due to
    non-spending of budgets?
  • Are budgets administrative capacity sufficient
    to support implementation of the program
    according to plan?
  • Is service delivery such that they are rolled out
    according to the program plan and are basic
    services provided to all children quickly?
  • Is operational efficiency increasing?
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

CBU Research 7 Information Sources
  • Government officials program implementation
    information, policy and budgets
  • Advocacy organizations information on service
  • Provincial and national budget book
  • Budget reviews
  • Policy and legal documents
  • Survey data analysis
  • Constitutional court judgments
  • General comments from UN committees
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

Capacity Building on Rights-Based Budgeting (1)
  • Training should be utilized within the
  • Target Audiences
  • -Civil Society Organizations
  • -Parliamentary Committees at National
    Legislature Provincial Legislatures
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

Capacity Building on RB Budgeting (2)
  • Participatory Learning Approach
  • Content includes
  • Key Budget Concepts
  • Link between Budgets Rights
  • Budget monitoring as Advocacy Tool
  • Basic Budget Analysis Skills
  • Developing an Advocacy Campaign
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

Information Dissemination
  • Research is disseminated to
  • -Civil society organizations
  • -Government Departments Officials
  • -National Provincial Legislatures
  • -Research Organisations
  • -Participants of the research
  • Research is disseminated through
  • -Mailing lists
  • -Idasa Website
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

Children Participating in Governance Project
Conceptual Framework
  • Participation current in development discourse
  • Key themes of empowerment and rights
  • New focus on peoples capacities to advocate for
  • Citizens participation means giving people
    access to information on which to base
    deliberation or to mobilise to assert their
    rights and demand accountability
  • Kinds of participation being given information,
    being invited to offer opinion, being asked to
    take part in setting priorities, being involved
    in decision making
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

Project objectives
  • Create opportunities for children in SA to
    monitor government budgets
  • Improve childrens participation in and
    researching monitoring for budgets and rights
    realisation that ultimately informs policy
  • Contribute to the alignment of government
    budgeting to rights realisation
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

Our partners
  • Implementing partners
  • IDASA Childrens Budget Unit (Cape Town)
  • Practical ministries Life Hunters (Port
    Shepstone- KZN)
  • Molo Songololo Its Your Move (Cape Town)
  • City of Cape Town Youth Development Programme
    (Cape Town)
  • Disabled Childrens Action Group (DICAG)
    (Gauteng, Mpumalanga, Western Cape)
  • Funding partners
  • Foundation for Human Rights (European Union)
  • Norwegian Centre for Human Rights
  • Save the Children Sweden
  • Ford Foundation
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

Peer Facilitation Model
  • Selection of 6/7 reps from each group
  • Form core group of 25 peer facilitators
  • Training at three workshops
  • Linking budgets and rights
  • Budget monitoring as an advocacy tool
  • Developing a strategic budget advocacy campaign
  • Games used in workshops as main methodology
  • Peer facilitators are the primary link to
    constituency groups
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

Reference group
  • Highest decision-making body gives strategic
    direction to the project
  • 2 child participation experts, representatives
    from parent bodies, nominated peer facilitators
  • Meetings 7 December 2004, 30 March, 22 August,
    21 November 2005 25 January 2006
  • Assist with compiling research of key lessons and
    the methodology of the project as well the
    training manual
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

Impact on the children
  • First flight and residence in a hotel
  • Media exposure
  • Involvement in diverse group of youth
  • Participation in Brazil learning exchange
  • Global Jamboree
  • Career options
  • Active and valued citizenship
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

Children participating in governance in Brazil
  • METHOD it is important to know the history and
    the present state of your place... In order to be
    able to debate with the government on money
    allocation which will be in the budget? I found
    this interesting and a clever thing to do a
    way to change the budget. Zakithi
  • SUPPORT . there is so much interest amongst
    those in government to help them with this
    project and news easily spreads because of the
    media connection they have. Nonto
  • STRUCTURES two child delegates representing
    teenagers and two representing children in the
    local committees Zakithi
  • ADVOCACY They have gone and challenged the
    government which they say was a very bumpy ride
    because they were not taken seriously and people
    saying they are being used (government alleged
    that the children were furthering the agenda of
    the CEDECA and not their own) but finally their
    proposals are taken accepted but not saved (no
    actual programmes were developed). So now they
    are monitoring those proposals (amendments)
    because they say they are waiting for a long
    time thinking they are giving the government time
    but rather their work and input was not taken
    seriously. Zakithi
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

Childrens opinions of the project
  • I went ballistic when I heard I was chosen (16
    year old Louise from YDP)
  • I think I was chosen because I am outspoken.
    (21 year old Alex from DICAG)
  • Personally this workshop means a lot to me
    because maybe I will end up working for
    government and it has clarified lots of things
    for me. (16 year old Zakithi from Life Hunters)
  • I was very happy the time we organised the
    workshop but when the day arrived I was very
    nervous. (18 year old Stanton from Its Your
  • By showing them (budget monitors) how to link
    the budget with there rights gave them a sense of
    power.(15 year old Abby from the YDP)
  • Some of our municipal officials are interested
    about this project, this will surely break the
    concrete I assumed was between children and
    government. (18 year old Khanyi from Life
  • Idasa-Childrens Budget Unit

CPG Experience and Impact on a Child active in
the Project
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)