Globalisation and Irish Workers: how are workers in developing countries coping with globalisation? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Globalisation and Irish Workers: how are workers in developing countries coping with globalisation?

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... hotel, restaurant, catering, tobacco and allied workers. www.iuf.org ... World Bank/World Development. report 2008 - UN Commission on Sustainable Dev ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Globalisation and Irish Workers: how are workers in developing countries coping with globalisation?


1
Globalisation and Irish Workershow are workers
in developing countries coping with
globalisation?
Croke Park Conference CentreApril 23, 2008 Sue
Longley
2
Presentation
  • Introduce my organisation
  • talk about the sector I know best - agriculture
  • outline the problems facing workers in
    agriculture
  • how we are working on this
  • ideas for strengthening TU co-operation

3
Who we are
  • IUF international union of food, agriculure,
    hotel, restaurant, catering, tobacco and allied
    workerswww.iuf.org
  • 377 affiliated unions in 122 countries - SIPTU
    Unite - worked with Mandate (bananas) ICTU on
    fair trade
  • Global union federations BWI, EI, IFJ, IMF,
    ICEM, ITGLWF, ITF, PSI ,UNI
  • International trade union confederation (ITUC)
    www. ituc-csi.org Council of Global Unions
    TUAC

4
IUF - what we do
  • Bring together workers throughout the food chain
    - from plough to plate
  • solidarity/defence of workers/rights
  • equality
  • TU development project - OHS
  • build organising capacity along the foodchain -
    TNCs - Nestlé, Coca Cola

5
IUF - what we do
  • Statutory commitment to work with like-minded
    organisation and broader civil society to
    achieve equitable distribution of the worlds
    food resources

6
Working in agriculture
7
Agriculture... far from decent work
  • lack of freedom of association/collective
    bargaining
  • 1 of 3 most dangerous industries
  • high fatal accident rate
  • 70 of all child labour in agriculture
  • high number of migrant workers
  • precarious conditions - seasonal work
    outsourcing

8
Agriculture... far from decent work
  • We sow it
  • We reap it
  • We cant afford
  • To eat it
  • (NUAAW, 1980s)
  • 75 of worlds poor live in rural areas

9
Women in agriculture
  • women are farmers and workers - produce more
    that 50 of worlds food
  • agriculture most important sector for womens
    employment, especially in Africa and Asia
  • often in most precarious forms of
    employment/unpaid family work/seasonal contracts

10
Children in agriculture
  • 70 of all child labour
  • most on small, family farms
  • some in commercial agriculture
  • many child migrant workers
  • hidden by piece rates/task work
  • worst forms - forced labour, dangerous, deprives
    them of education

11
Agriculture globalisation
  • Trade been dominated by TNCs for some yearseg
    bananas - 5 companies control 75 of trade
    80 of grain distributed by 2 companies -
    Cargill and ADM
  • similar dominance in tea, coffee, cocoa,

12
Agriculture globalisation
  • Now increasing control of retailers - rise of
    powerful global buyers, which can dictate terms
    to suppliers (ILO, Best Mamic - agri.food
    chains)
  • Increasing financialization of agriculture

13
How are these workers coping?
  • moving to towns - especially youth - first time
    in human history that more people live in urban
    areas
  • migrating to another country
  • self-employment survival informal economy

14
IUFs strategies
  • Organising, and more organising
  • building union strength inside TNCs-
    International Framework Agreements- guarantee
    rights throughout company Danone Accor
    Fonterra Chiquita

15
IUFs strategies
  • not just stating the right but using it
  • working with our affiliates to build
    organisation within the companies
  • strategic targets - Hotels, restaurant,
    catering- Coca Cola - PROGRESS MEET 2
    TIMES A YEAR- Nestlé - worlds biggest food
    company

16
The successes
  • IFAs so far achieved
  • Elimination of child labour in tobacco
    foundation
  • International Cocoa Initiative
  • New international partnership against child
    labour in agric - ILO, FAO, IFAD, IFAP, IFPRI
    IUF
  • Building of alliances - bananas and flowers
  • commitment to organising migrant workers

17
Organising across borders
18
The successes
  • Refocus of policy interestno achievement of
    Millennium Development Goals- World Bank/World
    Development report 2008- UN Commission on
    Sustainable Dev- ILO 2008 - rural employment for
    poverty reduction

19
Global TU co-operation
  • Build our strength within companies - food and
    hotels
  • Identify global issues to campaign around -
    issues attractive to young workers - OHS
    environment, fair trade
  • Co-operation on private equity, sovereign funds.
    financialization

20
Global TU co-operation
  • TU definition of green jobs - green jobs must
    be decent jobs - Food miles
  • TU perspective on food miles
  • TU perspective on climate change/global warming

21
Global TU co-operation
  • TU definition of green jobs - green jobs must
    be decent jobs - Food miles
  • TU perspective on food miles
  • TU perspective on climate change/global warming

22
  • My breakfast and lunch is gramoxone. Its very
    nice if you get use to it. Except it caused I
    lost my baby 2 times causemiscarriage, it
    scratches your skin, and makes you difficult to
    breath in the night
  • (Barjiah, Lonsum women workers, Bagerpang estate,
    North Sumatera)

23
An Gorta Mór - parallels with todays food crisis?
  • Records food exported even during the worst years
    of the Famine. When Ireland experienced a famine
    in 1782-83, ports were closed to keep Irish-grown
    food in Ireland to feed the Irish. Local food
    prices promptly dropped. Merchants lobbied
    against the export ban, but government in the
    1780s overrode their protests that export ban
    did not happen in the 1840s.
  • Cecil Woodham-Smith, an authority on the Irish
    Famine, wrote in The Great Hunger Ireland
    1845-1849 no issue has provoked so much anger
    or so embittered relations between the two
    countries (England and Ireland) as the
    indisputable fact that huge quantities of food
    were exported from Ireland to England throughout
    the period when the people of Ireland were dying
    of starvation.

24
An Gorta Mór - parallels with todays food crisis?
  • Ireland remained a net exporter of food
    throughout most of the five-year famine.
  • Christine Kinealy, a University of Liverpool
    fellow and author of two texts on the famine,
    Irish Famine This Great Calamity and A
    Death-Dealing Famine, writes that Irish exports
    of calves, livestock (except pigs), bacon and ham
    actually increased during the famine. The food
    was shipped under guard from the most
    famine-stricken parts of Ireland. However, the
    poor had no money to buy food and the government
    then did not ban exports.

25
An Gorta Mór - parallels with todays food crisis?
  • Lack of political will not lack of food
  • We must make sure there is political will
  • People have good quality, fairly priced safe
    food
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