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Social Economy what is it and why should we care


Northern Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan. Node of the Social Economy Suite. Co-Directors ... map and analyse underlying patterns. Research Focus: Cluster 1 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Social Economy what is it and why should we care

Social Economy what is it and why should we
  • Workshop A
  • 9.30 am 10.45 am
  • June 10, 2006

Linking, Learning, LeveragingSocial Enterprises,
Knowledgeable Economies,and Sustainable
  • Northern Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
  • Node of the Social Economy Suite
  • Co-Directors
  • Lou Hammond Ketilson, Centre for the Study of
  • Kate Waygood, Community University Institute for
    Social Research

Linking, Learning, LeveragingSocial Enterprises,
Knowledgeable Economies,and Sustainable
  • a total of 1.745 million from SSHRC and matching
    in-kind funds from our partners totaling an
    estimated 6.45 million, to conduct a five-year
    national study
  • involves 24 academics in 10 disciplines from 12
    universities, and over 40 community partners from
    four provinces, the United States, Colombia, and
  • purpose
  • describe and measure the impact of the social
    economy in Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and northern
  • strengthen and expand existing capacity

Social Economy Suite of Projects
  • regionally-based, community-university alliances
  • carry out programs of research and knowledge
    mobilization that are relevant to that region
  • conduct new research, facilitate networking among
    stakeholders, and train students and community
  • governance model includes active partnerships
    between universities and community organizations
  • involves researchers and/or community partners
    from other regions
  • forms a network involving academics, students,
    community groups, and other interested partners
  • regional nodes are linked together, via the
    national hub, in a network of networks for
    creating and mobilizing knowledge

What Is the Social Economy?
  • 1970s-80s, France and Belgium, Quebec
  • Structural/descriptive definitions
  • co-operatives, mutuals, associations people
    before profits
  • expanded 1992 Quarter
  • mutual-interest organizations
  • nonprofits in public service
  • near-government and government organizations

What Is the Social Economy?
  • Normative/integrative definitions
  • Actors those involved are relatively dominated
    in their daily lives
  • Activities socially necessary activities where
    state and market have failed
  • Rules
  • democratic practice among members
  • members determine the activity
  • members determine the use of surplus
  • collective ownership

What Is the Social Economy?
  • The social economy is that spectrum of
    activity between the public and private sector
    (and so driven neither by the logic of capital
    nor by that of the state) which is a form of
    economic organization aimed at addressing social
    need.It is economic activity which has social
    impact, and as such, embodies the principle of
    placing social viability on par with economic
    viability, social sustainability being equal to
    economic sustainability and the two being
    interdependent. (Mullan and Cox, 2000)

What Is the Social Economy?
  • An entrepreneurial, not-for-profit sector
    that seeks to enhance the social, economic, and
    environmental conditions of communities.
  • Separate from the private sector and
    government,the social economy includes
    co-operatives and credit unions, foundations,
    non-profit organizations, the voluntary sector,
    charities and social economy enterprises. They
    operate in sectors ranging from housing to
    communications and in areas such as recycling,
    home care, forestry, restaurants, cateringand
    manufacturing. (WED Canada, 2005)

What Is a Social-Economy Enterprise?
  • Social economy enterprises are a component
    of the social economy that are run like
    businesses, producing goods and services for the
    market economy, but manage their operations and
    redirect their surpluses in pursuit of social and
    environmental goals.(WED Canada, 2005)

Points of Agreement
  • For-profit and government controlled
    organizations are excluded
  • Entrepreneurship or a market aspect is important
  • Autonomy, democracy, citizen participationare
  • Service to marginalized/excluded groups and
    involvement of multiple stakeholders may be of
    special interest

Why Are Definitions Important?
Why Are Definitions Important?
Why Are Definitions Important?
  • Previous government identified the social economy
    as a priority
  • 2004 budget, government allocated
  • research (SSHRC) 15 million over five years
  • patient capital 100 million over 5 years
    (total 25 million for West)
  • capacity building 17 million over 2 years
    (potential 30 million over 3 additional years)
  • Government at all levels is trying to
    identify what their role should be with regard to
    the social economy

How Will the Research Proceed?
  • Participatory action research methodologies
  • comparative institutional (ethnography)
    analyses,strategic cases
  • Surveys
  • comparative, cross-sectional
  • Geographic information systems (GIS)
  • map and analyse underlying patterns

Research Focus Cluster 1Social Enterprise
  • comprehensive profiles of social-economy
    organizations, highlighting innovative
    organizational structures, internal and external
    processes for community and member engagement,
    effective financing strategies, and comprehensive
    measures of organizational and community outcomes
  • identifying models for best practice
  • examine whether such models and practices need to
    be rethought or adapted to fit different cultural
    contexts such as Aboriginal communities
  • partners include BC, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and
    Ontario Co-operative Associations, Sask First
    Nations Co-operative, Canadian Worker Co-op

Research Focus Cluster 2Financing Strategies
for SocialEnterprise Development
  • what kinds of financing strategies are needed to
    support the development and expansion of the
    social economy what models exist, how well do
    they function for social-economy organizations?
  • partners include VanCity Credit Union,
    Assiniboine Credit Union, St. Agathe Credit
    Union, Saskatoon Credit Union, Arctic
    Co-operatives Ltd., Manitoba and Saskatchewan
    Credit Union Centrals, Canadian Community
    Investment Co-operative

Research Focus Cluster 3Governance of
Social-Economy Enterprises
  • what are the best practices with regard to
    governance models what can we learn from
    co-operative organizations how can this
    knowledge be transferred?
  • measurement of good governance and its impacts
  • development of tools for assessment and
    self-assessment of democratic and governance
  • establish norms and benchmarks
  • partners include Canadian Co-operative
    Association, Ontario, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan
    Co-operative Associations, Cooperation Works USA

Research Focus Cluster 4Measuring and
Mappingthe Social Economy
  • what does the social economy look like in our
  • how should we measure social-economy
  • can traditional methods capture social and
    economic objectives?
  • what is the impact of social-economy activity
    within the larger economy?
  • partners include Ontario Co-operatives
    Association, Arctic Co-operatives Ltd.,
    Co-operatives Secretariat, Cooperation Works,
    VanCity, SaskCentral, Saskatoon Community Clinic

Research Focus Cluster 5 Developing Policy
Frameworksfor the Social Economy
  • what have governments done what should they do
    and not do regarding the social economy?
  • review of the existing regulatory frameworks
    affecting the region at all three levels of
  • conduct a broad survey of the regions social
    economy actors to capture their perspective on
    the current state of government policy
  • partners include Canadian Co-operative
    Association, Co-operatives Secretariat, Ontario,
    Manitoba, and Saskatchewan Co-operative
    Associations, Departments responsible for
    co-operatives in Manitoba and Saskatchewan

Administrative andGovernance Structure
  • the overall project is administered by the Centre
    for the Study of Co-operatives
  • centrally administered funds for regional
    conferences, communication across the region,
    dissemination of results
  • targeted funds distributed on the basis of
    research cluster
  • each cluster has an academic and community
    co-director, jointly responsible for setting
    direction and monitoring the progress of the

Administrative andGovernance Structure
  • funds distributed directly to community
    organizations through a competitive process
    interested parties apply for funding to pursue
    research agendas consistent with the direct needs
    of their organizations
  • funds for this purpose will be distributed
  • Saskatchewan Community-University Institute for
    Social Research (CUISR)
  • Manitoba Winnipeg Inner City Research Alliance
  • Ontario Community Economic and Social
    Development Program, Algoma University College
  • each has a co-director management model in place

  • Administrative and Governance Structure

Mechanisms for FacilitatingResearch and
  • through the provincially-based organizations
  • for students a total of 22 four-month graduate
    internships and 38 twelve-month internships
    (part time for 8 months, full time for 4) at the
    undergraduate and graduate levels support for
    conference travel
  • for community partners community release funds
    funds for an annual local workshop funds to
    support travel to the annual local workshop
    funds to support travel to each of the two
    regional conferences
  • for the host organization funds to support
    administrative/community liaison activities and

Mechanisms for FacilitatingResearch and
  • through the clusters
  • for students 3 PhD and 10 MA scholarships
    travel funds for field research
  • for academic partners matched and unmatched
    release allowances
  • travel funds for field research

Why Should Co-operatives Care and How Can You Get
  • Identifying with the social economy provides
    opportunities for
  • innovation
  • building broader alliances
  • positioning co-ops as leaders in socially
    responsible community lending, social accounting
  • Check out our website http//
  • Contact us if you would be interested in
    partnering in our nodes projects
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