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Title: MICHAEL: a network of portals promoting online access to digital culture


1
MICHAEL a network of portals promoting online
access to digital culture
  • Giuliana De Francesco
  • Ministero per i beni e le attività culturali
  • defrancesco_at_beniculturali.it

The third SEEDI International ConferenceDigitiza
tion of cultural and scientific
heritage,Cetinje, Montenegro, September 13-15,
2007
South-Eastern European Digitization Initiative
2
MICHAEL
Multilingual Inventory of Cultural Heritage in
Europe
  • Objective
  • Launching a European online service to enable
    European cultural heritage to be promoted to a
    worldwide audience

3
MICHAEL visionConnecting people to collections
from museums, libraries, archives, any cultural
and scientific organisation across Europe
St Johns College Cambridge Manuscript collection
Susan teaches music in a primary school
Play burmese musical instruments online Museums
Open Learning Initiative
4
MICHAEL vision
  • The MICHAEL vision (2003-4)
  • To give visibility and make available the
    richness of the European Cultural legacy
  • To provide a single high level access point to
    the whole European cultural and scientific
    heritage through the Internet
  • To allow access to all sectors of society,
    including the young, the elderly, the
    disadvantaged, the educated, the serious
    researcher and the merely interested
  • MICHAEL project was seen as a first step to
    unlocking the digital items held in databases
    from across Europe

5
Cross domain approach
  • MICHAEL aimed since the beginning at bringing
    together every cultural and scientific sector
  • Archives
  • Libraries
  • Museums
  • Heritage cataloguing and preservation offices
  • Audiovisual
  • Scientific heritage and research
  • Education
  • and scientific and cultural institutions of all
    kind and scale
  • National
  • Regional
  • Local
  • Public and private
  • Large and small

6
The project
  • Funded by the eTen programme (deployment)
  • Spin-off of the MINERVA project. Based on
  • the work of the MINERVA working groups on
    Inventories, discovery of digitised content and
    multilingualism (wp3), Interoperability and
    service provision (wp4)
  • the software platform of the French Catalogue des
    fonds culturels numérisés
  • MICHAEL (UK, FR, IT) started June 2004
  • MICHAELplus ( 11 countries) started June 2006

7
The partnership
  • Ministries and national agencies, universities,
    cultural institutions, technical support
    companies from 16 countries
  • MICHAEL 3 countries, 5 partners
  • MICHAELplus 14 countries, 38 partners
  • More European countries are currently
    implementing the MICHAEL service on the basis of
    their own investment, without any EC funding
  • Belgium Flemish Community
  • Estonia
  • Slovak Republic
  • Total 18 countries, more than 40 partners

Bulgaria
8
A single multilingual access point to European
digital cultural collections
MICHAEL European portal launched December 2006
http//www.michael-culture.org/
9
Three national portals online
http//www.michael-culture.fr/
10
http//www.michael-culture.org.uk/
11
http//www.michael-culture.it/
12
MICHAEL national portals
1450 digital collections 500 institutions 250
services-products
  • FR

766 digital collections 616 services 321
projects 306 institutions
UK
2588 digital collections 1396 institutions 1404
services/products 1520 physical collections 423
projects/programs
IT
13
More national portals underway
http//www.michael-portal.de/
http//www.michael-culture.pl/
14
http//www.michael-culture.gr/
http//www.michael-culture.nl/
15
1 national database gt gt 1 portal
18 1 MICHAEL portals
  • Phase 2, MichaelPLUS (2006-8)
  • Czech Republic
  • Finland
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Malta
  • The Netherlands
  • Spain
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Sweden
  • Phase 1, MICHAEL (2004-7)
  • Italy
  • France
  • United Kingdom
  • Recently
  • Belgium Flemish Community
  • Estonia
  • Slovak Republic

Bulgaria
16
Digital collections
  • What is a digital collection?

Dublin Core definition The term 'collection'
can be applied to any aggregation of physical or
digital items
  • A digital collection is an aggregation of digital
    items
  • collections of digital surrogates of physical
    items,
  • collections of 'born-digital' items
  • catalogues of such collections

17
Digital collections
  • Contents of a digital collection might include
  • Aggregations of digital images, text, audio,
    video, 3D objects, mixed media
  • Databases
  • Collections of web resources
  • Internet directories and subject gateways
  • Digital archives
  • Digital inventories, catalogues, finding aids
    etc.

18
International standards
  • Metadata for collection description
  • RSLP, Dublin Core Collections AP
  • MICHAEL data model is suitable for describing
    digital collections belonging to every sector of
    cultural heritage and for recording related and
    context information
  • Institutions (creator, owner, keeper, manager)
  • Projects / programmes (funding)
  • Services / products (giving access)
  • Physical collections (represented full or in
    part)
  • MICHAEL DM is an agreed international standard a
    MICHAEL-DC AP is available

19
International standards
  • Terminologies
  • ISO Language (ISO 639) Spatial coverage (ISO
    3166 Countries)
  • DCMI Digital type (DCMI Type)
  • UNESCO thesaurus Subject (UNESCO)
  • W3C/WAI WAI (WAI/MICHAEL)
  • MINERVA and MICHAEL
  • Digital format (MINERVA/MICHAEL)
  • Period (MICHAEL)
  • Institution type (MINERVA/MICHAEL)
  • Access type (MINERVA/MICHAEL)
  • Access conditions (MICHAEL)
  • Audience (MINERVA/MICHAEL)

20
International standards
  • Technology
  • XML records/databases
  • OAI-PMH protocol for metadata harvesting
  • National instances make XML metadata records
    available through OAI-PMH
  • The European service has no content component of
    it own but is the sum of records created and
    maintained by each constituent country
  • MICHAEL EU Service OAI repository retrieves
    metadata across the Internet from the national
    instances

21
International standards
  • Rights
  • MICHAEL metadata are made available to the public
    under a Creative Commons Attribution
    Non-commercial (by-nc) licence.
  • This means that everyone can copy, distribute and
    re-use the metadata for non-commercial purposes,
    provided that the source is mentioned

22
Open source software
  • MICHAEL software platform consists of two modules
    working together
  • A Production module (creation, editing, importing
    and managing of records through web forms)
  • A Publishing module (interface to allow user
    access through web browser)
  • The platform is built on top of well known open
    source components such as
  • Apache Cocoon
  • eXist
  • Xdepo
  • SDX, Apache Lucene search engine

23
MICHAEL software is being published open source
on Sourceforge.net
24
(No Transcript)
25
MICHAEL users
  • Many different user communities
  • Education
  • Research
  • Cultural tourism
  • Co-ordination
  • Creative industries
  • Cultural services
  • General public

26
MICHAEL Users
INTERNET
MICHAEL NATIONAL
MICHAEL NATIONAL
MICHAEL NATIONALE
iNSTANCE
INSTANCE
INSTANCE
27
http//www.michael-culture.org
UK
It
Fr
28
Multilingual access
  • Human translation of static pages and editorial
    content
  • All languages spoken in partner countries
  • User may choose in which language to browse the
    portal

29
Multilingual access
  • Translation of European standard terminologies.
  • Local terminologies are mapped into the European
    ones

30
Multilingual access
Free text fields in the records original language
31
Multilingual access
Automatic translation tool


32
Multilingual access
33
Multilingual access
Keywords appear in the language chosen for
browsing
34
MICHAEL Culture AISBL
  • In order to guarantee the sustainability and
    evolution of the service after the end of the
    project, MICHAEL partners established (July 2007)
    an international not-for-profit association under
    Belgian Law (AISBL), MICHAEL Culture
  • Founder members MCC MiBAC Dédale Amitié
  • Already joined MLA SPK
  • MICHAEL Culture aims at getting membership from
    all countries willing to join the MICHAEL
    European Service and to share its cross-domain
    vision

35
MICHAEL project website
http//www.michael-culture.eu
36
MICHAEL and the European Digital Library
37
The European Digital Library
  • EC Communication i2010 Digital Libraries (30th
    September 2005)
  • a common multilingual access point to Europes
    distributed digital cultural and scientific
    heritage
  • all types of cultural material
  • texts, audiovisual, museum objects, archival
    records etc
  • held in different places by different
    organisations
  • targeted at delivering rapidly a critical mass of
    resources to the users

38
The European Digital Library
  • Bruxelles, 13th November 2006
  • Ministerial conclusions on Digitisation and
    Online Accessibility of Cultural Material, and
    Digital Preservation.
  • In order to build the European Digital Library,
    two are the main building blocks
  • The European Library (TEL) as a gateway to the
    collective resources of national libraries across
    Europe
  • MICHAEL-MICHAELplus and the work ongoing in
    describing and linking digital collections of
    museums, libraries and archives from different
    Member States and providing access to these
    collections

39
MICHAEL and the European Digital Library
  • MICHAEL takes part to the process of building the
    European digital library
  • MICHAEL and MICHAEL Plus partners are
    participating in EDLNet project (eContent /
    2007-2009) and are leading the workpackage on
    human and political interoperability
  • MICHAEL / MICHAEL Plus has contributed to the
    Interoperability Working Group set up by the
    Commission
  • MICHAEL Culture AISBL is one of the founder
    members (representing Ministries and
    cross-sector interests) of EDL Foundation will be
    created in 2007 supported by the EDLNet project

40
MICHAEL and the European Digital Library
  • MICHAEL provides a catalogue of the digital
    collections, Europe-wide, covering all sectors
  • MICHAEL locates digital collections from across
    Europe that will be collected into the European
    Digital Library
  • MICHAEL holds all the technical details needed to
    enable machine-to-machine services
  • MICHAEL holds details of interoperability
    protocols supported by different databases
  • Z39.50, OAI-PMH, Web Services
  • MICHAEL holds details of terminologies used by
    different databases

41
MICHAEL and the European Digital Library
  • MICHAEL established a comprehensive network of
    thousands of European cultural and scientific
    organisations
  • Large, medium and small
  • National, regional or local
  • Public and private
  • Every scientific and cultural sector (Museums,
    Libraries, Archives, Catalogue and preservation
    offices, Education, Research institutes etc)
  • The network successfully tested cooperative
    approach and working methods

42
MICHAEL and the European Digital Library
Diagram developedat TEL / MICHAELmeeting,
Frankfurt,March 2006
European Digital Library
MICHAEL
TEL
National Library collections
Collections
Items
National Libraries
National Regional Museums, Audio-Visual,
Archives and Libraries
43
  • Thank you for your kind attention!
  • Giuliana De Francesco
  • defrancesco_at_beniculturali.it
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