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Global Warming: Facts and Our Future Communicating in a Challenging Climate

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Title: Global Warming: Facts and Our Future Communicating in a Challenging Climate


1
Global Warming Facts and Our FutureCommunicating
in a Challenging Climate
  • Erika C. Shugart
  • Climate Change Challenge Session
  • 1315- 1430 PM, 30 May 2008

2
Marian Koshland Science Museum
  • Opened April 2004
  • Museum of the US National Academy of Sciences
  • Located in Washington, DC
  • Aimed at an audience 13

3
Parent OrganizationU.S. National Academy of
Sciences
  • Founded in 1863,
  • Private, non-governmental organization,
  • Provides nonpartisan advice on science,
    engineering, and medicine,
  • Issues 200 policy reports every year, and
  • Reports are authored by committees of over 6,000
    volunteer experts.

4
Current Exhibits
5
  • Despite the great uncertainties, greenhouse
    warming is a potential threat sufficient to
    justify action now. NRC, 1992

6
Global Warming Facts and Our Future
7
Focus of Current Exhibit
  • Has the climate changed?
  • What causes climate change?
  • How might climate change in the future?
  • What are the consequences of climate change?
  • How can science be used to inform societys
    response to climate change?

8
Has the Climate Changed?
9
Visualizing Climate Change
10
What Causes Climate Change?
  • The changes observed over the past several
    decades are likely mostly due to human
    activities... National Academies, 2001

11
What Does the Future Hold?
12
What are the Impacts of Climate Change?
  • Many of the worlds poorest people, who lack the
    resources to respond to the impacts of climate
    change, are likely to suffer the most.
  • Joint science academies statement on
    sustainability, energy efficiency, and climate
    protection (May 2007)

13
Dwell times represent average from 50 visitors
14
Informed Decision Making
15
Visitors Reaction to Consider the Alternatives
  • The comparison between your responses and other
    peoples responses and the implication for
    political consequences. (Male, age 31-45).
  • you got to see the expected increase in the
    household costs for anything that you wanted to
    do for the environment. (Female, age 22-30)

16
Political Climate
  • Exhibit is non-partisan and non-advocacy
  • Consistent with Academies role as Advisers to
    the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine
  • Visited by members of Congress, White House staff
    and staff from federal agencies on private tours


17
Guiding Questions for Climate Change Exhibit
Revision
  • Why should the public be concerned about recent
    climate change?
  • What is the range of options to mitigate future
    climate change and to adapt to its effects?


18
Conclusions
  • Visitors recognize authenticity and appreciate
    it.
  • Climate change is a global problem that justifies
    action.
  • There is a range of options for mitigation and
    adaptation.
  • Science can be used as a tool for decision making.

19
  • For more information about the Koshland Science
    Museum, please contact
  • Erika Shugart
  • Deputy Director
  • eshugart_at_nas.edu
  • www.KoshlandScience.org
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