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Black Carbon, other contributors to global warming. ... 'Our Changing Planet,' an annual USGCRP report to Congress. National Research Council ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Climate%20Change%20


1
Climate Change  
  •  
  • An Inconvenient Gov Docs Challenge
  • (November 6, 2009 for DANJ)

2
My Contact Info
  • Mary Kearns-Kaplan, MLS
  • New Jersey State Library
  • Manager, branch library, the Information Resource
    Center, New Jersey Department of Environmental
    Protection
  • Email mary.kearns-kaplan_at_dep.state.nj.us
  • Phone 609-984-2249 Fax 609-292-3298
  • URL http//www.state.nj.us/dep/dsr/irc

3
Disclaimer
  • My views do not represent the official views of
    the NJ State Library or the NJ Department of
    Environmental Protection.
  • I am not here to offer opinion, but to point to
    selected, publically-available information
    resources on this topic.
  • I am here on my own leave time and not on state
    time.
  • I have too many slides!
  •  

4
Whatever your opinion is on Climate Change,
its All Hot, Hot, Hot to Me!
5
My Goal for Today
  • To point out some very current government
    documents on climate change.  These are SELECTED
    resources. This is not by any means a research
    guide.
  • I will not cover various nonprofit organizations
    or other nongovernmental interest groups that
    have an interest in climate change.

6
One Definition of Climate Change
  • A significant and persistent change in the mean
    state of the climate or its variability. Climate
    change occurs in response to changes in some
    aspect of Earths environment these include
    regular changes in Earths orbit about the sun,
    re-arrangement of continents through plate
    tectonic motions, or anthropogenic modification
    of the atmosphere.
  • Source Climate Literacy The Essential
    Principles of Climate Science, U.S. Global
    Change Research Program

7
Climate Change is a Large Issue
  • Majority of the sciences and engineering
    disciplines are involved.
  • Social sciences are interested.
  • Business/Industry has a stake.
  • Involves citizens, scientists, politicians,
    public policy experts, and advocates.
  • Every sector of the economy affected.
  • All aspects of our lives touched arts,
    environment, jobs, health, politics, national
    security, religion, etc.

8
Several Hot Topics
  • Biodiversity loss and shift in habitats.
  • Black Carbon, other contributors to global
    warming.
  • Carbon sequestration (e.g. artificial carbon
    capture storage, biological sequestration).
  • Market mechanisms to control GHGs
    (cap-and-trade, carbon taxes, carbon offsets,
    etc).
  • Melting of glaciers and sea ice.
  • National Security Risks.
  • Ocean Acidification and increased water temps.
  • Renewable/Alternative Energy/Energy Efficiency
    (e.g. biofuels, green buildings, solar, wind,
    etc)
  • Sea Level Rise

9
Background for Non-Scientists
  • Understanding and Responding to Climate Change,
    National Academy of Sciences, 2008.
  • Climate Literacy The Essential Principles of
    Climate Sciences, United States Global Change
    Research Program, 2009.
  • A Paleoperspective on Global Warming from
    NOAAs NCDC Paleoclimatology program.

10
Background for Scientists
  • US Global Change Research Program has issued
    numerous reports and assessments. This 2009
    report summarizes majority of their research
    Global Climate Change Impacts in the United
    States. Key Findings.

11
Background for Scientists
  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
    (IPCC) http//www.ipcc.ch
  • Most recent IPCC assessment is the Fourth
    Assessment Report on Climate Change (AR4) that
    consists of 4 volumes in six languages
  • Climate Change 2007 Synthesis Report.
  • Climate Change 2007 The Physical Science Basis.
  • Climate Change 2007 Impacts, Adaptation, and
    Vulnerability.
  • Climate Change 2007 Mitigation of Climate
    Change.
  •  

12
Background for Scientists
  • The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
    released in September the Climate Change Science
    Compendium 2009. It is a review of new
    scientific research published since the close of
    the 4th IPCC assessment.

13
Key U.S. Legislation
  • H.R. 2454 The American Clean Energy and
    Security Act. Aka Waxman-Markey Bill, ACES
    Act, HR 2998. Passed the U.S. House on 6/26/09 by
    a vote of 219 to 212. It is now being debated in
    the Senate.
  • S. 1733, The Clean Energy Jobs and American
    Power Act was introduced by US Sens Kerry and
    Boxer on Sept 30 2009. Aka Boxer-Kerry bill.
  • Both bills include a cap-and-trade program to
    reduce greenhouse gases with slightly different
    targets.
  • The Congressional Research Service has produced
    numerous reports for Congress on climate change.
    You will find these reports on the CRS/Climate
    Change web site hosted by the National Council
    for Science and the Environment.
  •  

14
Key US Gov Agencies
  • Here are just a selected few. Nearly every U.S.
    government agency is involved in this issue in
    some way. There are numerous joint research
    efforts/centers/institutes between universities,
    government agencies and the private sector.

15
U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP)
  • US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP)
  • USGCRP established in 1990 Global Change
    Research Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-606,
    11/16/90).
  • Thirteen US departments agencies participate in
    USGCRP. They constitute the Subcommittee on
    Global Change Research of the Cmte on Environment
    and Natural Resources (CENR) of the National
    Science and Technology Council of the Office of
    the President.

16
KEY USGCRP Reports
  • Global Change Research Act of 1990 mandates an
    assessment every 4 years of global change impacts
    on U.S.
  • USGCRP published in 2009, Global Climate Change
    Impacts in the United States, a synthesis of
    science to date. Northeast region report.
  • Earlier USGCRP assessments are online.
  • Our Changing Planet, an annual USGCRP report to
    Congress.

17
National Research Council
  • National Research Council (NRC) .
  • NRC's Division of Earth Life Studies does most
    of the policy work on climate and energy. 
  • Current project of the Academies  "America's
    Climate Choices." Reports coming 2009. Held a
    summit March 30-31, 2009.

18
More NRC Info
  • Key 2009/2008 NRC reports on climate change
  • Hidden Costs of Energy Unpriced Consequences of
    Energy Production and Use. (2009).
  • Informing Decisions in a Changing Climate
    (2009).
  • Restructuring Federal Climate Research to Meet
    the Challenges of Climate Change (2009).
  • Americas Energy Future Technology and
    Transformation. 2009.
  • Driving and the Built Environment The Effects
    of Compact Development on Motorized Travel,
    Energy Use, and CO2 Emissions Special Report
    298. 2009.
  • Potential Impacts of Climate Change on U.S.
    Transportation (2008).

19
U.S Congressional Budget Office
  • The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) has
    published several budget analyses and briefs on
    climate change legislation. Several key for 2009
  • Potential Impacts of Climate Change in the United
    States, May 2009. Pub No. 3044.
  • Cost estimate of H.R. 2998, the American Clean
    Energy and Security Act. 6/26/09. Aka H.R. 2454.
  • How Regulatory Standards can Affect a
    Cap-and-Trade Program for Greenhouse Gases,
    9/16/09.
  • The Economic Effects of Legislation to Reduce
    Greenhouse-Gas Emissions, Sept 2009. 10/14/09
    Senate testimony.
  • More CBO climate change publications are online.

20
U.S General Accounting Office (USGAO)
  • Selected recent GAO climate change reports
  • November 2008 "International Climate Change
    Programs Lessons Learned from the European
    Union's Emissions Trading Scheme and the Kyoto
    Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism." November
    2008. GAO-09-151.
  • June 2009 "Aviation and Climate Change Aircraft
    Emissions Expected to Grow, but Technological and
    Operational Government Policies Can Help Control
    Emissions." GAO-09-554.
  • July 2009 "Climate Change Trade Measures
    Estimating Industry Effects." GAO-09-875T.
  • July 2009 "Climate Change Trade Measures
    Considerations for U.S. Policy Makers."
    GAO-09-724R.
  • August 2009 "Preliminary Observations on Options
    for Distributing Emissions Allowances and Revenue
    under a Cap-and-Trade Program." GAO-09-950T.
  •  

21
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA)
  • On April 2, 2007 U.S. Supreme Court ruled that
    greenhouse gases could be regulated as air
    pollutants under the Clean Air Act (Massachusetts
    v. EPA, 549 U.S. 497 (2007). NJ was a party.
  • In response, on April 24, 2009, EPA issued a
    proposed endangerment finding rule for 6
    greenhouse gases and a cause or contribute
    finding for these gases emitted from motor
    vehicles and MV engines (see 74 FR 18886). Tech
    doc.
  • On May 19 2009, President Obama announced a
    national fuel efficiency policy to reduce
    greenhouse gas emissions and improve fuel economy
    for all new cars and trucks, model years 2012-16.

22
USEPA (cont'd)
  • On Sept 15 2009, EPA and the National Highway and
    Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA)
    proposed a rule to reduce greenhouse gas vehicle
    emissions and improve fuel economy for certain
    model year cars and trucks (74 FR 49453, Sept 28,
    2009 also see EPA-420-F-09-047).
  • On Sept 22 2009, EPA finalized rule for mandatory
    GHG reporting from large emitters. First
    reporting requirement in the US. (74 FR 56259,
    Oct 30, 2009)
  • On Sept 30 2009, EPA proposed a rule to require
    permits from from large emitters of GHGs in the
    US. These are the first proposed GHG permitting
    regs. (no FR citation yet as of 10/30, but
    related rule at 74 FR 55291, Oct 27, 2009)

23
USEPA (cont'd)
  • USEPA Economic Analyses of S 1733 and HR 2454.
  • US EPA Climate Change web site.
  •  
  • EPA web site on New Jersey climate change
    regulatory activities.
  • EPA, in collaboration with NOAA and USGS,
    published Coastal Sensitivity to Sea Level Rise
    A Focus on the Mid-Atlantic Region. Synthesis
    and Assessment Product 4.1, U.S. Global Change
    Science Program.
  •  
  • EPA publishes annually, "Inventory of U.S.
    Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks, a report
    that meets US reporting requests under the UNFCCC.

24
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
(NOAA)
  • NOAA's Climate Program Office and Climate
    Research web site will link you to the
    many climate observational, research, and
    modeling programs that NOAA supervises. A few
    recent reports, fact sheets
  • Arctic Report Card 2009.
  • Ocean Acidification Fact Sheet. 2008.
  • NOAA is creating a Climate Service that will be
    capable of providing on-demand data and info.
  • NOAA has 21Joint Research Institutes with
    university scientists. Much of this work
    coordinated with NOAAs Earth System Research Lab
    (ESRL). ESRL pubs.
  • NOAAs central library catalog.

25
National Climatic Data Center 
  • NOAAs National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) has
    numerous climate data sets and publications.
  • NCDCs Climate Data Directory.
  • Online access is now free for most .gov, .edu and
    .mil
  • State of the Climate is published monthly and
    annually. National and global info.
  • NCDCs global warming web site.

26
U. S. Geological Survey (USGS)
  • USGS Office of Global Change.
  • Recent USGS report on status of northwest
    glaciers, Fifty-Year Record of Glacier Change
    Reveals Shifting Climate in the Pacific Northwest
    and Alaska, USA. USGS Fact Sheet 2009-3046.
  • Climate Change and Water Resources Management A
    Federal Perspective, USGS Circular 1331, 2009.
  • USGS Publications Warehouse.

27
NASA
  • NASAs Global Change Master Directory.
  • Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) at
    Columbia Univ is the Earth Sciences Division of
    NASAs Goddard Space Flight Center. GISS
    scientists publish in peer-reviewed lit. Here is
    an index of GISS papers. Briefs on GISS research
    are available. More info.
  • NASA supports the National Snow and Ice Data
    Center (NSIDC) at Univ. of Colorado Boulder.
  • Earth Observatory has satellite images.

28
USDOE
  • US Dept of Energy (USDOE) climate change web
    site.
  • The Energy Information Administration (EIA)
    publishes annually, "Emissions of Greenhouse
    Gases in the United States and Energy Outlook.
  • The USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and
    Renewable Energy (EERE) has 10 programs. Pubs.
  • The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate
    Research Facility (ACRF) unites climate security
    research of 9 USDOE Labs (e.g. ORNL, NREL). ARM
    Pubs database.
  • National Renewable Energy Lab (NREL) collaborates
    with many on research. Pubs database. Other USDOE
    Labs.
  • USDOE is creating 46 Energy Frontier Research
    Centers (EFRCs).
  • USDOE and Environment Canada delivered to Pres
    Obama and Prime Minister Harper the U.S.
    Canada Clean Energy Dialogue.
  •  

29
USDOI
  • The US Department of the Interior (USDOI)
  • US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) has a
    climate change web site . In Sept 2009, they
    issued a proposed strategic plan, Rising to the
    Challenge Strategic Plan for Responding to
    Accelerating Climate Change.
  • The National Park Service (NPS) is documenting
    impacts of climate change on natural resources in
    our national parks. See their Climate Friendly
    Parks info.
  • The Mineral Management Service (MMS) manages
    offshore energy leases through their Office of
    Energy and Minerals Management. In July 2009,
    they issued Guidelines for the Minerals
    Management Service Renewable Energy Framework.
  •  

30
Some other US Gov Sites
  • US Dept of Agriculture (USDA) Global Climate
    Change web site. USDA analysis of agriculture
    effects from HR 2454.
  • US Dept of Transportation (UDOT) Transportation
    and Climate Change Clearinghouse. 
  • The National Science Foundation (NSF) provides
    research funding on climate change to numerous
    kinds of recipients. For example, NSF supports an
    important atmospheric research center, the
    National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).
    It is in, but not of, government. NCAR pubs web
    site. NSF has an online report of climate change
    issues.
  • Centers for Disease Controls (CDC) Climate
    Change and Public Health web site.

31
US National Security Interests
  • U.S. Senate Cmte on Env Public Works held a
    hearing on 7/30/09 titled, Climate Change and
    National Security.
  • The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Cmte had a
    hearing on 7/21/09 titled Climate Change and
    Global Security.
  • The Jet Propulsion Lab of NASA published in 2003,
    An Abrupt Climate Change Scenario and its
    Implications for United States National Security.
  • The U.S. Office of the Director of National
    Intelligence (ODNI) released a report in Nov 2008
    titled, Global Trends 2025 A Transformed
    World. It includes a chapter on climate risks.
  • The CIA announced on 9/25/09 that it is opening
    The Center on Climate Change and National
    Security.

32
Copenhagen Here We Come!
  •  

33
Velkommen!
  •  

34
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change
  • Next UNFCCC summit is December 7-18, 2009 in
    Copenhagen.
  • Have been several 2009 meetings in preparation
    for this summit
  • Bonn March 29-April 8
  • Bonn June 1-12
  • Bonn Aug 10-14
  • New York City Sept 22
  • Bangkok Sept 28-Oct 9
  • Barcelona Nov 2-6
  • UNFCC national reports provide country profiles. 

35
The Path to Copenhagen
  • 1990 Beginning of UN General Assembly
    negotiations to create the UNFCCC.
  • 1992 (June) Rio Earth Summit. UNFCCC adopted.
  • 1994 (March 21) UNFCCC in force.
  • 1997 (Dec) Kyoto Protocol adopted to control
    GHGs through 2012. History of UN articles.
  • 2005 (Feb) Kyoto Protocol begins.
  • 2007 (Dec) Bali Road Map and Action Plan
    outlines map for new treaty by end of 2009.
  • 2008 meetings in Bangkok, Bonn, Accra and Poznan. 

36
More UN Climate Change Work
  • UN has an excellent online resource, the "Gateway
    to the UN System's Work on Climate Change."
  • 36 UN agencies constitute the "UN Partners on
    Climate Change.
  • Publications from all participating agencies are
    collected in one site.
  • UN also has an Online Inventory of UN System
    Activities on Climate Change.

37
Key International Gov Agencies
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
    Created in 1988 By UNEP WMO to review current
    info on climate change.
  • IPCC pubs, data and assessments, meeting docs,
    and speeches.
  • Most current assessment is "Climate Change 2007,"
    the 4th IPCC Assessment. 
  • IPCC shared Nobel Peace Prize in 2007 with Al
    Gore. IPCC Acceptance Speech.
  • The IPCC is currently outlining its scope of work
    for the Fifth Assessment report.
  •  
  •  

38
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
  • UNEP's climate change web site.
  • In Sept 2009, UNEP released "Climate Change
    Science Compendium 2009." DEW/1182/NA. It is an
    overview of global climate change science for the
    last 3 yrs.
  • UNEP's Climate Change Strategy for 2010-2011.
    DCP/1119/NA.
  • Just issued Blue Carbon The Role of Healthy
    Oceans in Binding Carbon, Towards Sustainable
    Production and Use of Resources Assessing
    Biofuels, Forest Resilience, Biodiversity, and
    Climate Change. More UNEP pubs.

39
UNs World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
  • Main UNs WMO web site. Recent activities
  • World Climate Conference - 3 just held in Geneva,
    Aug 31-Sept 4, 2009. At this conference, proposed
    a Global Framework for Climate Services to
    coordinate international climate monitoring.
  • Participates in the World Climate Research
    Programme. Formed in 1979 at the first World
    Climate Conf.
  • Publishes annually "WMO Statement on the Status
    of the Global Climate." 2008 statement.
  • Publishes "World Meteorological Bulletin." Vol 58
    No 3 has a history of intl climate efforts, "A
    History of Climate Activities."
  • Also publishes "World Climate News. WMO Has a
    publications catalogue.

40
Other International Gov Agencies
  • Food and Agricultural Organization of the United
    Nations (FAO). FAO has a climate change portal.
    Policy Brief for Copenhagen "Anchoring
    Agriculture within a Copenhagen Agreement." Other
    FAO pubs.
  • The World Bank has a climate change research
    program. It is working with developing countries
    on a project, "The Economics of Adaptation to
    Climate Change. A few other 2009 WB reports
    "Climate Change and Sea Level Rise A Review of
    the Scientific Evidence," 5/09 "World
    Development Report 2010 Development and Climate
    Change," 9/09 Climate Change and the World Bank
    Group. Phase I An Evaluation of World Bank
    Win-Win Energy Policy Reforms. 9/09 Changes in
    CO2 Emissions from Energy Use, 10/09.

41
Other UN Agencies
  • UN High Commission on Refugees (UNHCR) released
    an Aug 2009 policy paper, "Climate Change,
    Natural Disasters and Human Displacement a UNHCR
    Perspective."  UNHCR web site on climate change.
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) released in
    2009, "Protecting Health from Climate Change
    Global Research Priorities."  WHOs climate
    change web site.

42
Intergovernmental Orgs
  • The Organization for Economic Co-Operation and
    Development (OECD), a multilateral
    quasi-governmental org has a climate change web
    site. OECD just released The Economics of
    Climate Change Mitigation Policies and Options
    for Global Action beyond 2012. September 2009.
  • International Energy Agency (IEA) released an
    excerpt from its "World Energy Outlook 2009"
    report for the UN climate summit in NYC in Sept.
    Full release is expected this month. IEAs
    climate change web site.

43
Intergovernmental Orgs
  • AOSIS Alliance of Small Island States. "AOSIS
    Declaration on Climate Change 2009" was released
    before the Sept 22 NYC Summit on Climate Change.
  • The Arctic Council . Tromsø Declaration signed
    4/09.
  • International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project
    of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission
    of UNESCO. Looking at impacts from CO2 on oceans.
  • Secretariat of the Antarctic Treaty is the
    governing body of all signatories to the
    Antarctic Treaty. US is a member. Treaty
    documents database. Scientific Cmte on Antarctic
    Researh (SCAR) provides advice to the
    Secretariat. SCAR pubs.

44
International GHG EmissionsTrading
  • European Union Emissions Trading System (EU
    ETS) Started in 2005 before Kyoto. Directive
    2003/87/EC of the EU Commission. Multi-national
    emissions trading scheme to reduce GHGs. Largest
    continent-wide program to date. 
  • Kyoto Protocol. Adopted in Kyoto on 12/11/1997
    effective 2/16/2005. Flexible mechanisms for GHG
    reductions. Emissions trading is one of them.
    US signed Kyoto, but never ratified.

45
All Roads Lead Back to NJ
46
What's Happening in New Jersey?
  • State of NJ's Global Warming web site.
  • Gov Corzine signed Executive Order 54 on 2/13/07
    establishing GHG reduction targets for NJ
  • Stabilize NJ GHG levels at 1990 levels by 2020
  • Reduce GHG levels to 80 below 2006 levels by
    2050.
  • Orders NJDEP, BPU, NJDOT, NJDCA to collaborate to
    meet these goals.
  • In response to this Executive Order, NJ's Global
    Warming Response Act (P.L. 2007, c.112) was
    written and signed into law on 7/6/07.  Draft
    recommendations for public comment released
    December 15 2008.
  •  

47
Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI)
  • NJ participates with 9 other northeastern and
    mid-Atlantic states in the Regional Greenhouse
    Gas Initiative (RGGI).
  • RGGI is first US mandatory, cap-and-trade program
    for carbon dioxide (CO2) reductions. Uses carbon
    offsets too.
  • Goal is to reduce by 10 CO2 emissions from power
    plants by 2019.
  • Participating states sell emissions allowances in
    scheduled auctions and then invest in consumer
    benefit programs in their states. First auction
    was Nov 2008 6th auction is Dec 2, 2009.
  • NJ's RGGI program is described.
  •  

48
Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) -cont'd
  • Regs for NJ's CO2 Budget Trading Program are at
    N.J.A.C 727C.
  • Global Warming Solutions Fund (P.L. 2007, c.304)
    designates how auction proceeds distributed in
    NJ.
  • NJDEP and NJ Board of Public Utilities (BPU) are
    lead state agencies in RGGI.
  • NJDEP's Office of Planning and Sustainable
    Communities implements the Local Government
    Greenhouse Gas Reduction Program. Grant program
    for municipalities for GHG reduction/energy
    efficiency efforts.

49
Offshore Renewable Energy
  •  In 2006, a State of New Jersey Blue Ribbon Panel
    on Development of Wind Turbine Facilities in
    Coastal Waters issued a final report to Governor
    Corzine. This report was prepared in response to
    Executive Order 12 from Acting Governor Codey.
    The report recommended baseline
    biological/ecological studies. These were
    initiated in 2008 and an interim report for
    January - December 2008 was released.
  •  
  • In April 2009, the USDOI announced exploratory
    offshore wind leases for NJ and DE.
  •  
  •  

50
Other NJ Initiatives
  • NJ's Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Program. Rules
    adopted 2006. (N.J.A.C. 727-29). Implemented by
    NJDEP. Establishes cleaner emissions standards
    for vehicles sold in NJ. NJ is one of 13 states
    to adopt California's Low Emission Vehicles
    program. For consumers, NJDEP has a clean vehicle
    guide.
  • NJ's Clean Energy Program. Managed by the NJ
    Board of Public Utilities . Offers renewable
    energy and efficiency incentives for residents,
    businesses, and municipalities.
  • Other NJ programs.

51
Several NJ Gov Docs
  • Stanley A, Miller KG. (2004 Sept 15).
  • "Holocene Sea Level Rise in New Jersey An
    Interim Report. " Submitted to Division of
    Science, Research, and Technology, NJDEP.
  • Research Project Summary Solecki WD, Rosenzwieg
    C, et al. (2004 April). "Urban Heat Island and
    Climate Change An Assessment of Interacting and
    Possible Adaptations in the Camden, New Jersey
    Region." NJDEP.
  • "Climate Change in New Jersey Trends in
    Temperature and Sea Level." 2006. NJDEP.
  •  

52
More NJ Gov Docs
  • 2009 Brochure titled, "Climate Change and New
    Jersey."
  •  "New Jersey Greenhouse Gas Inventory and
    Reference Case Projections 1990-2020." November
    2008. NJDEP.
  • Columbia Univ prepared for NJDEP the following
    report, "The Potential Role of Biofuels in New
    Jersey to Reduce Carbon Emissions from
    Electricity Generation." May 2008.
  • Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton prepared for
    NJDEP, "The Garden State in the Greenhouse
    Climate Change Mitigation and Coastal Adaptation
    Strategies for New Jersey." January 2007.

53
Selected Journals
  • Applied Energy
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological
    Association
  • Climate Policy
  • Climatic Change
  • Ecological Applications
  • Energy Policy
  • Environmental Science and Technology
  • Geophysical Research Letters.
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles
  • Global Change Biology
  • Global Environmental Change
  • Global Planetary Change
  • Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology
  • Journal of Climate
  • Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres
  • Nature
  • PNAS
  • Science
  • Solar Energy

54
Selected Dialog Databases
  • Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts (File
    44)
  • Biosis (File 5)
  • CAB Abstracts (File 50)
  • Econlit (File 139)
  • Ei Compendex (File 8)
  • Energy Science and Technology (File 103)
  • GeoArchive (File 58)
  • GeoBase (File 292)
  • Inside Conferences (File 65)
  • Meteorological and Geoastrophysical Abstracts
    (File 29)
  • NTIS (File 6)
  • Oceanic Abstracts (File 28)
  • Science (File 370)
  • SciSearch (File 34)

55
Free, Online Databases
  • AGRICOLA
  • AGRIS
  • USDOE Information Bridge
  • PubMed
  • TreeSearch (USFS)
  • TRIS
  • UN Databases

56
Selected Further Reading
doi10.1038/climate.2009.102
  • Cambridge Systematics, Inc. (2009). Moving
    Cooler Surface Transportation and Climate
    Change. Washington, DC The Urban Land Institute.
  • Engelman R, et al. (2009). State of the World
    2009 Into a Warming World. Washington, DC The
    WorldWatch Institute.
  • Ewing R, et al. (2008). Growing Cooler The
    Evidence on Urban Development and Climate Change.
    Washington DC The Urban Land Institute.
  • Hulme M, et al (2 Oct 2009). Must-reads for
    Copenhagen. Nature Reports Climate Change. doi
    10.1038/climate.2009.102.
  • Molina M, et al. (2009. In-Press). Reducing
    abrupt climate change risk using the Montreal
    Protocol and other regulatory actions to
    complement cuts in CO2 emissions. PNAS. doi
    10.1073/pnas.0902568106.
  • Stern N. (2007). The Economics of Climate Change
    The Stern Review. NY Cambridge University Press.

57
Photo Credits
  • Iceberg Matterhorn Iceberg near Elephant Island,
    Antarctica, courtesy of NOAA Photo Library.
  • Forest Fire courtesy of Moab Fire District,
    Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Department of the
    Interior.
  • Jet (E-3 Sentry), courtesy of US Air Force
  • Copenhagen Amager Torv Square, Photop by Cees
    van Roeden, Courtesy of Visit Copenhagen.
  • NJ Turnpike 50th Anniversary logo courtesy of the
    NJ Turnpike Authority.

58
Some Inspiration
  • What after all has maintained the human race on
    this old globe, despite all the calamities of
    nature and all the tragic failings of mankind, if
    not the faith in new possibilities and the
    courage to advocate them?
  • Jane Addams (1860-1935)
  • Social Worker
  • 1931 Recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize

59
Questions?
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