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Electing our Leaders

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Political Parties Nominate- Select candidates to run for election. ... to get members of the party elected to state offices. ... Presidential Election of 2004 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Electing our Leaders


1
Electing our Leaders
  • Sections 1 - 4

2
Political Parties
  • These are groups of people who share similar
    ideas about how our government should be run.
  • Membership is voluntary.
  • Even if you do not choose to be a member of a
    party you can still be active in government.
  • Parties present candidates for election.

3
Role of Political Parties
  • Provide a way for Americans who believe the same
    thing to participate in government.
  • Political Parties Nominate- Select candidates to
    run for election.
  • Candidates Men and women who run for office.
  • The parties also publicize their beliefs on laws
    and political policies.

4
Where did they come from?
  • After the end of George Washingtons presidency
    the people who succeeded him formed these parties
    because their views were different.
  • Despite Washingtons warning about political
    parties, the leaders of our nation divided up
    according to their beliefs.
  • At the time this created a two party system in
    other words there are two major parties in America

5
Democrats and Republicans
  • Although they have changed beliefs and even names
    their has always been at least two.
  • Democrats Formed by Andrew Jackson. Believed
    that the Federal Government was created to
    provide for those who were not wealthy.
  • Republicans Formed in opposition to Jackson and
    Slavery. The Republicans supported the rights of
    states and the increase in size of the Federal
    Government

6
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7
Different Party Models
  • Coalition Two parties join together to run the
    government. Compromise.
  • Multi-Party System Multiple parties compete for
    control of the government.
  • Third Parties Minor parties in the USA that
    provide an alternative to the normal parties.
  • One Party System Only one party is allowed
    dictatorship

8
Party Organization
  • The political party operates on three levels.
  • National, State, and Local sound familiar
  • National members of the national party are
    selected or elected at the state level.
  • These members choose the parties representative
    for the Presidential and Vice-Presidential
    elections.

9
Cont
  • State Work to get members of the party elected
    to state offices.
  • Local city, towns, and counties have
    representatives who work to get people elected at
    that level. Also organize voting.
  • See Page 191
  • Precincts - Divides cities and counties into
    voting districts.
  • Polling Place where people go to vote.

10
Money and Political Parties
  • Running for office is an expensive task.
  • Presidential Election of 2004
  • For a long time the money used to come from
    private donations by citizens.
  • Now businesses, unions, and special interest
    groups donate to candidates.
  • Limits 2,000 per year per person.

11
Voter Qualifications
  • Each state establishes the their own
    qualifications.
  • Must not contradict the constitution.
  • All citizens age 18 years old and of sound mind
    may vote.
  • People in jail or people who have committed a
    serious crime may lose the right to vote.
  • No test of literacy or fee can be attached to
    voting right.

12
Registering
  • People must register with the state in order to
    vote.
  • You may also be asked to register as a member of
    a certain party.
  • This allows you to vote in certain primaries.
  • You may also register as an independent, or
    someone who does not belong to a party.

13
Primary Elections
  • Primary Elections - usually take place in the
    spring and allow the party to choose candidates
    to represent them in the
  • General Election - direct election for an office.
  • Open and Closed Primaries - Open primaries allow
    any registered voter to vote regardless of party
    membership
  • Closed Primaries require party membership.

14
Runoff Primary
  • Some states require that a candidate receive a
    majority of votes to run for office.
  • If no candidate earns a majority (51 or higher)
    They will have a primary between the two with the
    most votes.
  • This determines the candidate.

15
Party Conventions and Independents
  • In some states the political party meets and
    selects candidates by delegate votes.
  • Usually attached to a celebration
  • Grassroots - Candidates that are favorites of
    local areas and may not have been noticed by the
    national party.
  • Write-in Vote - Writing a candidates name down on
    a ballot instead of choosing from the list.

16
General Elections
  • Congress and the President are elected on the
    first Tuesday after the first Monday in November.
  • Voters report to their polling places and cast
    their ballots.
  • Polling places depend on volunteers.
  • Usually there is no campaigning allowed at
    polling places.

17
Voting
  • In the past people used to vote aloud with a Yea
    or Nay.
  • This allowed others to hear and influence votes.
  • 1888 begin using secret paper ballots.
  • This makes voting secret and private.
  • Today the ballots can be mechanized or
    computerized.

18
Voting
  • Straight Ticket Voting - Voting for all the
    members of one political party on the ballot.
  • Split ticket Voting - Voting for candidates from
    each political party on the ballot.
  • Some states require businesses to allow employees
    to leave work to vote.
  • Polling places open early and close late
  • NO EXCUSES!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

19
Nominating and Electing our Leaders
  • Each party chooses delegates to go to the
    national convention.
  • Each state has a Presidential Primary - election
    to determine the choice of the state delegates at
    the national election.
  • National Nominating Convention - Held in the
    summer it allows the party to gather together to
    announce their candidate.
  • Also announce their Party Platform- outline of
    the parties views on issues.

20
The Electoral College
  • Popular Vote - vote by the citizens of the US.
  • This vote tells the Electors what to vote for in
    the electoral college - 538 delegates from every
    state who choose the president.
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