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Ramses II the Great


Third ruler of the 19th Dynasty, son of Seti I ... two temples at Abu Simbel, the hypostyle hall at Karnak, a mortuary complex at ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ramses II the Great

Ramses II the Great
  • Egypt versus the Bible

  • Introduction
  • Part I. Ramses II
  • a. His reign
  • b. His life and his family
  • Part II. Moses and the Bible?
  • a. Moses
  • b. The Jews in Egypt
  • c. The Red Sea
  • Conclusion
  • References

  • Ramses II (r. 1290-1224 B.C.), one of the longest
    reigns of any Egyptian pharaoh
  • Third ruler of the 19th Dynasty, son of Seti I
  • Reign marked last peak of Egyptian imperial
    power famed for his massive building programs
    and many colossal statues
  • Ramses is thought to be the pharaoh referred to
    in the biblical book of Exodus

Part I. Ramses II
a. His reign
  • The son of Seti I and Queen Tuya was the third
    king of the 19th Dynasty. Called Ramesses the
    Great, he lived to be 96 years old
  • Ramses assumed the throne and began a series of
    wars against the Syrians. The famous Battle of
    Kadesh is inscribed on the walls of his temple
  • Ramesses' building accomplishments are two
    temples at Abu Simbel, the hypostyle hall at
    Karnak, a mortuary complex at Abydos, the
    Colossus of Ramses at Memphis, a vast tomb at
    Thebes, additions at the Luxor Temple, and the
    famous Ramesseum

Abu Simbel
b. His life and his family
  • Ramses had 200 wives and concubines, 96 sons and
    60 daughters Among his wives were Nefertari,
    Queen Istnofret, and a Hittite princess
  • Nefertari, daughter of King Seti I, and thus
    sister or half sister of Ramses II, was his
    favorite Queen
  • Her participation in the affairs of the state is
    unparalleled referred as the "Great King's Wife
  • A political role is also reflected by the
    recurrent designation "Lady of Upper and Lower
    Egypt" and "Lady of the Two Lands"

Part II.Moses and the Bible
a. Moses
  • Born in Goshen, a part of ancient Egypt
  • His mother placed him in a basket made of papyrus
    and set it floating on the Nile River
  • Rescued by the daughter of Pharaoh, who brought
    the infant up as her own child
  • Moses went to Pharaoh, but in spite of the
    miracles he worked, Pharaoh would not release the
    Hebrew people
  • At last, he consented, and Moses led the Hebrews
    out of Egypt (Exodus)
  • Moses received the Ten Commandments from God on
    Mount Sinai, but smashed the tablets when he
    found the Israelites worshiping a golden calf

b. The Jews in Egypt
  • The Hebrews lived in Egypt and were oppressed by
    the Egyptian ruler
  • After the Israelites spend two centuries enslaved
    in Egypt, God chooses Moses, an Israelite who has
    fled from Egypt, to lead the children of Israel
    out of slavery
  • Historians can verify none of this narrative
    Jews honor the story of the miraculous departure
    from Egypt, called the Exodus, as the
    transforming event in Jewish history

c. The Red Sea
  • Narrow, inland sea, separating the Arabian
    peninsula, western Asia, from northeastern Africa
    (1,900 km long)
  • The site of the safe passage of the Israelites
    through the Red Sea is said to be the Gulf of
  • The Red Seas high salt content is a result of
    the regions extreme heat, which makes its waters
    evaporate quickly

Red Sea
  • Ramses II probably had about 100 children by his
    principle wives and consorts
  • Unlike many pharaohs, his family is attested to
    with numerous monuments including Nefertari's
    small temple at Abu Simbel and her great tomb in
    the Valley of the Queens
  • He also built a tomb for a number of his sons in
    the Valley of the Kings on the West Bank at Luxor
    (ancient Thebes) very near his own tomb
  • Interesting to note that Pharaoh released the
    Hebrew people only when his son died

  • http//www.touregypt.net/19dyn03.htm
  • http//touregypt.net/historicalessays/nefertari.ht
  • http//www.sis.gov.eg/egyptinf/history/html/ramses
  • http//www.eyelid.co.uk/k-q4.htm
  • http//www.bibleplaces.com/abusimbel.htm
  • http//www.touregypt.net/featurestories/abusimbel.
  • http//www.kfki.hu/arthp/bio/s/sluter/biograph.ht
  • http//touregypt.net/historicalessays/nefertari.ht
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