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EERC Capabilities and Pilot Facilities


EERC Capabilities and Pilot Facilities – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: EERC Capabilities and Pilot Facilities

EERC Capabilities and Pilot Facilities
Future Growth at the EERC
  • Summer 2007 completion on new 15,000 ft2 National
    Center for Hydrogen Technology facility
  • To house testing of technologies in hydrogen
    production, separation-purification, storage, and
    integrated fuel cells
  • Special materials lab 4lb/hr high pressure
    fluidized bed gasification system pressurized
    lab-scale entrained-flow gasifier integrated 440
    lb/h biomass steam reformer and syngas processor
    for production of hydrogen, fuel liquids, and
    fine chemicals
  • Other systems with clients and partners

Research and Development
  • Applied research and development on behalf of its
    clientsclient involvement ensures market focus
  • Pilot-scale testing and demonstration facilities
    for solid, liquid, and gas processing
  • Field sampling and testing
  • Full suite of in-house analytical equipment and
    capabilities for characterization of materials
  • Engineering design and fabrication of lab and
    pilot-scale systems

Technology Demonstration
  • State-of-the-art demonstration facilities
  • 35,000 square feet of demonstration facilities
    with pilot-scale units that historically focus on
    combustion and gasification of solid and liquid
    fuels such as coal, oil, biomass, sewage sludge,
    and slurries.
  • Fully instrumented systems.

List of Equipment
  • Biomass Processing
  • Walk-in trailer for biomass storage
  • Complete suite of biomass-coal handling,
    crushing, shredding, and chipping preparation
  • Surry preparation
  • Hot-water drying and processing
  • The EERC Environmental Chemistry Laboratory
  • Process Chemistry Laboratory
  • Conventional Analytical Chemistry Laboratory
  • Process Development Units
  • Pilot Conversion and Reactor Facilities

List of Equipment
  • The EERC Environmental Chemistry Laboratory
  • Hewlett-Packard 5973 gas chromatographymass
    spectrometry (GCMS) systems
  • Supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC)MS
  • The EERC Microbiology Laboratory
  • Sterilizer, water baths, shakers, incubators,
    ovens, pH meters, a conductivity meter,
    centrifuges, balances, phase-contrast microscope,
    stereoscope, Class II laminar-flow hoods,
    low-temperature incubators, anaerobic glove box
  • GC with flame ionization detector, UV-Vis
    spectrophotometer, ultrasonicator, apparatus for
    macro- and micro-oxygen uptake assays, ultracold
    freezer, apparatus for enumerating airborne
    microbes, electrolytic respirometer, 24-place
    respirometer for O2 and CO2, and a fully equipped
    2-liter fermenter.

List of Equipment
  • Process Chemistry Laboratory liquid pumps, tube
    furnaces, gas-handling equipment, reactors,
    columns, centrifuges, gas analyzers, stirred
    autoclaves, ovens, high-performance liquid
    chromatographs, GCs, GCMS, infrared and
    ultraviolet (UV) spectrometers, gel permeation
    chromatography, light-scattering instruments, and
    fuel testing instrumentation.
  • Conventional Analytical Chemistry Laboratory
    several different analytical laboratories with
    capillary electrophoresis, supercritical fluid
    chromatography, supercritical fluidMS,
    inductively coupled plasmaMS, thermogravimetric
    analysis, scanning electron microscopy analysis,
    x-ray diffraction, x-ray fluorescence, nuclear
    magnetic resonance and transmission electron
    microscopy available through other University of
    North Dakota academic departments, a variety of
    analyzers and equipment is available for
    particulate, gas emissions, trace metals, and
    mercury continuous emission monitoring.

List of Equipment
  • Pilot Conversion and Reactor Facilities
  • 3-in.-ID 6-ft-high, pressurized 4-lb fuel/hr
    bench gasification reactor
  • 3-in.-ID 6-ft-high bench fluidized-bed
    combustion reactor (150 psi)
  • Two pilot combustion test units rated at 75 lb/hr
    (550,000 Btu/hr) of biomass feed
  • 8-in.-ID 20-high, 100-lb fuel/hr
    carbonizer/gasifier (120 psi)
  • 3½-in.-ID 57-ft-high, 250-lb fuel/hr transport
    reactor/gasifier (120 psi)
  • 8-in. 8-in. 14-ft-high 400,000 Btu/hr
    bubbling fluidized-bed combustion reactor
  • 18-in. 18-in. 14-ft-high 1,500,000 Btu/hr
    bubbling fluidized-bed combustion reactor
  • 20-in.-ID 42-ft-high 3,000,000 Btu/hr
    circulating fluidized-bed combustion reactor
  • 2.5-in.-ID 12-ft-high pressurized
    entrained-flow drop-tube furnace capable of
    60-g/hr fuel feed
  • 6-in.-ID 14-ft-high, 4 lb fuel/hr downfired
    multifuels combustor process simulator
  • Residential 6 lb/hr pellet fuel furnace
  • 30-hp, and a 650-rpm slurry-fired diesel engine.
  • Process Development Units
  • 2-gallon autoclave system
  • Batch autoclave that operates up to 2200 psi
  • 7.5-ton/day biomass continuous process
    development unit,
  • Feedstock and water supply units
  • 10-gallon vegetable oil process development
    reactor unit.

Pilot-Scale Testing
  • Realistic test results, comparable to full-scale.
  • Less expensive than field tests
  • 20,000 to 100,000 for testing of one coal or
    one set of operating conditions.
  • Operating conditions are controllable
  • Generally 110 million Btu/hr or
  • 10100 lb/hr fuel or reactants.
  • Well controlled conditions (pressure,
    temperature, feed rates, and gas stoichiometries.

CTF Pilot-Scale Test Unit
  • EERC combustion test furnace (CTF)
  • Controllable operating conditions
  • Updraft combustor
  • Deposition probes
  • Baghouse
  • ESP
  • Stoker or p.c. configuration

Deposition Probes
Combustion Test Furnace
Laboratory-Scale Drop Tube Furnace Combustion
  • Not as realistic as pilot or field testing
  • Quick and relatively inexpensive testing
  • Operating conditions
  • Gas temperatures
  • Combustion zone _at_ 1500EC
  • Ash collection or deposition zone _at_ 1000E1200EC
  • Coal feed grams/minute
  • Gas velocities 520 meters/second
  • Excess air 050
  • Substoichiometric capabilities

High Pressure Multi-Pollutant Test Reactor
  • Used in developing novel integrated cleanup
    technology for the control of metals in warm
  • Operating temperature of 300 to 700?F with an
    emphasis given to higher end of that range.
  • Operating pressure of 400 to 1200 psig.
  • Applicable to syngas from an oxygen-blown
    transport gasifier utilizing lignite or an
    oxygen-blown entrained flow gasifier with either
    slurry or dry feed systems.
  • Allows for regeneration of sorbent

Schematic of High Pressure Multi-Pollutant Test
Continuous Fluidized-Bed Gasification Reactor (4
Being modified to achieve 800 psi
Pilot-Scale TRDU
  • Pilot-Scale Gasifier (330-lb/hr)
  • Transport reactor development unit
  • Scaled down version of M.W. Kellogg (now Kellogg
    Brown Root) transport gasifier
  • Operating temperatures from 1500-2000ºF
    (815-1093ºC) have been achieved at operating
    pressures of 120 psig

Primary Cyclone
Hot-Gas Filter
Vessel and
Ash Hopper
Bed Material
Charge Hopper
Dip Leg
Coal Feed Hopper
Steam Superheater
Air Preheaters
L-Valve Steam Manifold
EERC MS18901
EERC PDU Carbonizer
Biomass Microgasifier
  • Good future for small-scale distributed biomass
  • Uses entire hydrocarbon structure
  • Tolerant of contaminants
  • Integrated energy/heat
  • Low water consumption
  • Multiple uses of gas

EERC design of microgasification power plant
being installed at Grand Forks Truss
EERC Fabrication Shop
  • Fully staffed machinists and operators 24-7
  • Complete fabrication of all pilot- and field-
    testing equipment
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