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Sexually Transmitted Diseases or Infections

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... are public health clinics that offer free or low-cost treatment Clinics can be found in the Yellow Pages Treatment for STDs After a person takes medicine and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sexually Transmitted Diseases or Infections


1
Sexually Transmitted Diseases or Infections
2
Gonorrhea
  • Caused by bacteria that can infect the mucous
    membranes of the penis, vagina, throat, or
    rectum.
  • Gonorrhea While reported rates are at
    historically low levels, cases increased slightly
    from last year and more than 300,000 cases were
    reported in 2010. According to the CDC.

3
What are the signs symptoms of Gonorrhea?
  • Women
  • often no signs or symptoms vaginal irritation
    discharge pain in lower abdomen
  • Males
  • frequent, painful urination heavy yellow
    discharge of pus from penis tenderness in groin
    or testicles swollen lymph nodes or groin

4
Gonorrhea
  • Can be cured with antibiotics
  • If it is left untreated it can lead to PID and
    infertility.

5
Chlamydia
  • The most common bacterial STD in the USA.
  • Cause Bacteria
  • In 2010, 1.3 million chlamydia cases were
    reported.

6
What are the signs symptoms of Chlamydia?
  • Women
  • usually no signs or symptoms painful urination
    vaginal discharge pain in lower abdomen
    bleeding between menstrual periods
  • Men
  • often no signs or symptoms painful, difficult
    urination white or yellow discharge from penis

7
Chlamydia
  • Cure Antibiotics
  • If left untreated Can lead to PID and infertility

8
Genital Herpes
  • Cause Virus
  • 2 types of Herpes Virus
  • Type 1 found above the waist cold sores or
    fever blisters on the mouth
  • Type 2 found below the waist

9
What are the signs symptoms of Genital Herpes?
  • Women
  • usually no signs or symptoms painful blisters on
    cervix, vagina, vulva, thighs, or buttocks
    sluggish feeling fever flu-like symptoms lymph
    node enlargement
  • Men
  • usually no signs or symptoms blisters on penis,
    thighs, or buttocks painful urination sluggish
    feeling fever flu-like symptoms lymph node
    enlargement

10
Herpes
  • Cure None
  • Genital herpes infection is common in the United
    States. Nationwide, 16.2, or about one out of
    six, people aged 14 to 49 years have genital
    HSV-2 infection according to the CDC.

11
Syphilis
  • Caused by bacteria that can spread through
    bloodstream to any organ in the body.

12
What are the signs symptoms for Syphilis?
  • First signs small, red bumps at the point of
    infection, which becomes an open sore oozing
    fluid (called a chancre)

13
Syphilis
  • Later signs a rash a dull, depressed feeling
    fever, joint pain hair loss, large moist sores
    around the sex organs or mouth
  • Final stage blindness brain damage paralysis
    can cause death

14
HPVHuman Papilloma Virus
  • Caused by a virus
  • 5 million new cases in U.S. teenagers each year,
    leading cause of cervical cancer .

15
What are the signs and symptoms of HPV?
  • causes warts in the genital and anal areas
  • has been linked to cervical cancer and penile
    cancer
  • NO CURE!
  • Warts can be removed by tricloracetic acid
    podophyllin laser liquid nitrogen surgery

16
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
  • An infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes.
  • Caused by Bacteria
  • Signs/Symptoms vaginal discharge, burning during
    urination, abdominal or pelvic pain, pain during
    sexual intercourse, or bleeding between menstrual
    cycles.
  • If left untreated may result in infertility

17
Pubic Lice AKA Crabs
  • Caused by an insect
  • Signs/Symptoms Intense itching possible rash
    in genital area occasional swelling of lymph
    nodes in the groin
  • Medicine Medicated lotions shampoos

18
Testing diagnosis for STDs
  • A person who has an STD can go to a family
    doctor, or a private doctor to get tested
  • There are public health clinics that offer free
    or low-cost treatment
  • Clinics can be found in the Yellow Pages

19
Treatment for STDs
  • After a person takes medicine and feels better,
    they have to keep taking the medicine until it is
    completely gone
  • Sex partners should be treated at the same time
    for certain STDs
  • If both sex partners are not treated at the same
    time, they can continue to re-infect each other

20
Myths of STIs
  • Birth control pills prevent STIs.
  • Washing the genitals after sex prevents STIs.
  • It is best to see if an STI goes away on its own
    before going to the doctor.
  • The medicine for one kind of STI will cure any
    STI
  • As soon as the person feels better, he or she can
    stop taking their medicine.
  • If one sex partner is treated for an STI, the
    other partner doesnt need to be.
  • It is easy to tell if a person has an STI.
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