Cardiovascular Disease: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment (1) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Cardiovascular Disease: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment (1)

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Cardiovascular disease in simple terms can be defined as diseases related to the heart or blood vessels. The cardiovascular system of the body is responsible for the transportation of blood throughout the body. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Cardiovascular Disease: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment (1)


1
Cardiovascular Disease
2
Cardiovascular Disease
  • Cardiovascular disease in simple terms can be
    defined as diseases related to the heart or blood
    vessels. The cardiovascular system of the body is
    responsible for the transportation of blood
    throughout the body. The cardiovascular system is
    also known as the circulatory system. The main
    elements of cardiovascular system are the heart,
    veins, arteries, and blood capillaries. If, any
    of the elements of the cardiovascular system is
    not able to perform its function properly, the
    cardiovascular disease occurs. The failure of the
    cardiovascular system can result in instant death.

3
The most common types of cardiovascular disease
  • Coronary Artery Disease Coronary Artery
    Disease is an artery disease occurs when arteries
    that supply blood become narrow due the buildup
    of plaque. This buildup of plaque is known as
    atherosclerosis. High Blood Pressure High
    blood pressure is also known as Hypertension is a
    condition in which the impact of the blood
    against the artery wall is too high. Cardiac
    ArrestA cardiac arrest is the condition when the
    heart suddenly stops to function. When the heart
    stops beating the transportation of oxygen rich
    blood is stopped resulting in unconsciousness. 

4
The most common types of cardiovascular disease
Continue
  • StrokeA stroke happens when the supply of the
    blood to the brain is interrupted due to which
    cells in the brain start to die immediately.

5
Causes of Cardiovascular disease
  • The most common behind the cardiovascular
    disease is the development of plaque in the
    arteries and blood vessels that led to the heart.
    Other common factors related to Cardiovascular
    disease are
  • Smoking
  • Uncontrolled Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Depression
  • Unhealthy life style
  • Physical inactivity
  • High level of cholesterol
  • Genetic
  • Excessive drinking

6
Symptoms
  • If these symptoms are ignored and not treated in
    their earlier stage, they may result in serious
    complications in the future. Some major symptoms
    of Cardiovascular disease 
  • Fatigue
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Nausea
  • Lightheadedness
  • Heartburn
  • Indigestion
  • Lack of appetite

7
Diagnosis of Cardiovascular disease
  • The diagnosis of the cardiovascular disease
    depends upon the patients heart condition.
    Besides a physical examination and asking about
    your medical history, a cardiologist is likely to
    perform some diagnostic test.Electrocardiogram
    (ECG)ECG records the electrical activity of the
    heart. It detects the abnormal pattern of your
    heartbeat. It checks if all the heart valves are
    working properly or not. Magnetic resource
    imaging (MRI) of heart A Cardiac MRI creates the
    still and moving picture of the heart and other
    major blood vessels. 

8
Diagnosis of Cardiovascular disease
Continue
  • Computerised Tomography (CT) Scan A CT scan of
    heart is an imaging method that creates a
    detailed picture of heart and its blood vessels.
    CT scan uses x-rays to create pictures of
    circulatory system.
  • Blood Test The blood test is done to check the
    level of level of cholesterol, fats, sugar, and
    protein in your blood. Increase in the amount of
    any unhealthy element in your blood increases the
    risk of heart disease.

9
Treatments
  • The best way to prevent the risk of
    cardiovascular disease is to adopt a healthy
    lifestyle. However, if a person is already
    diagnosed with a cardiovascular disease, the
    combination of medicines and surgery is used to
    bring back their life on track. Medicines
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Blood cholesterol lowering agents
  • Nitrates
  • Anti platelet
  • Beta Blockers
  • Surgeries
  • Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)
  • Stent procedure
  • Heart valve repair or replacement
  • Heart transplant

10
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