Chronic Pancreatitis: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Pancreatitis - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Chronic Pancreatitis: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Pancreatitis

Description:

Inflammation of pancreas due to chronic pancreatitis reduces the production of the digestive juices and also the amount of hormones secreted by the pancreas. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:81

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Chronic Pancreatitis: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Pancreatitis


1
Chronic Pancreatitis
2
Chronic Pancreatitis
  • Pancreas is a large gland present near the
    stomach. There are two important functions
    performed by pancreas in the digestive system.
    The first is to secrete important hormones like
    insulin and glucagon while the second is to
    produce digestive juices that help to break down
    fats, proteins, and carbohydrates in the small
    intestine. Inflammation of pancreas due to
    chronic pancreatitis reduces the production of
    the digestive juices and also the amount of
    hormones secreted by the pancreas. There are two
    types - acute pancreatitis and chronic
    pancreatitis. Here we shall look into the causes,
    symptoms, and treatment of the latter.

3
Causes of chronic pancreatitis
  • Alcohol consumption is the primary cause,
    contributing 70 of the total cases. A prolonged
    period (i.e. 10 years or more) of alcoholism
    increases the risk of this disease. There are
    many other causes, and some of them are listed
    below 
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Genetic disorder (namely, mutation of the 'gene
    7', which can be inherited from parents and the
    syndrome so acquired, is hereditary pancreatitis)
  • Cancer / Gallstones (resulting in the narrowing
    of the pancreatic duct)
  • Anatomical problem (like a person born with
    structural problems of the pancreas)
  • Hyperparathyroidism or over-secretion of hormones
    by the parathyroid gland(leading to elevation
    in calcium levels)
  • Injury or trauma to the pancreatic area causing
    inflammation

4
Symptoms
  • Abdominal pain  is the chief symptom. The
    patient suffers from severe pain in the upper
    part of abdomen. This pain may be continuous, may
    increase after eating or drinking anything, and
    may last from a few hours to 1-4 days. The list
    of other symptoms observed is given below
  • Vomiting
  • Weakness
  • Jaundice
  • Diabetes
  • Fatty stools
  • Nausea
  • Digestion Problem

5
Diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis
  • It is seen more commonly in men between ages
    30-40. On observation of any of the symptoms, the
    physician will suggest a gastroenterologist (speci
    alist of digestive system disorders) for its
    diagnosis. The blood and faeces samples are
    taken, and sent to laboratory for tests. These
    tests, however, are not enough to confirm the
    diagnosis, and more tests are required. Most of
    these tests are imaging tests that give an image
    of the pancreas, and help to determine if there
    is any inflammation. These tests that confirm the
    diagnosis are given below 
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) It takes
    multiple X-rays and provides a detailed cross
    sectional image of the abdominal area around the
    pancreas.
  • Ultrasonography An image of the pancreas is
    created on the monitor by passing sound waves
    through the patient's body. This image is called
    sonogram.

6
Diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis
Continue
  • ERCP (Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatograp
    hy) X-rays of the pancreatic ducts are taken by
    inserting an endoscope (flexible tube with camera
    at the inserted end) through patients body.
  • EUS (Endoscopic Ultrasound) It is a test that
    combines the techniques used in ultrasound and
    ERCP. The sound waves are directed towards
    pancreas from the endoscope.
  • Biopsy Sample of the pancreatic tissue is taken
    and sent to laboratory for further testing.

7
Treatments
  • The treatment focuses on reducing the abdominal
    pain and solving the digestive problems. 
  • A diet plan that includes low fat and high
    calories and proteins is usually suggested.
  • People, who drink alcohol excessively, should
    completely stop drinking to avoid dire
    consequences.
  • To reduce the pain of the abdomen, medications
    like Tramadol are recommended. There may be some
    side effects of this, so, any medication should
    be taken only after consultation with the
    gastroenterologist.
  • Pancreatic supplements are also given to increase
    the level of enzymes, or the digestive juices
    that are not secreted by pancreas. Even these
    medications may have side effects, and proper
    prescription of a physician is recommended.

8
Treatments
Continue
  • Anatomical problem of the pancreatic duct that
    leads to sever abdominal pain may need a surgery.
  • Treatment for this disorder due to gallstones may
    involve removal of the gallbladder.
  • Patients, who develop diabetes due to this
    syndrome, need to maintain the insulinlevel with
    medications or by injecting insulin.Chronic
    pancreatitis is not a curable disease, but the
    symptoms can be reduced. The disease may reduce
    the life expectancy of the patient. So, timely
    treatment is essential, and one should stop
    drinking alcohol if it was the major cause. Not
    only this disease, but many other diseases can be
    prevented by eating healthy food and by avoiding
    alcohol consumption.

9
CONNECT WITH US
  • Logon to
  • www.lazoi.com
  • Like us on Facebook
  • https//www.facebook.com/LazoiTheLife
  • Follow us on Twitter
  • https//www.twitter.com/lazoithelife
  • Follow us on Pinterest
  • https//www.in.pinterest.com/lazoithelife
About PowerShow.com