Pancreatitis : Overview, Symptoms, Types, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment (1) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Pancreatitis : Overview, Symptoms, Types, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment (1)

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Pancreatitis is disorder which causes inflammation in pancreas. There are two types of pancreatitis which is acute pancreatitis and chronic pancreatitis. The complications of pancreatitis may include diabetes and pancreatic cancer. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Pancreatitis : Overview, Symptoms, Types, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment (1)


1
Pancreatitis
2
Pancreatitis
  • Pancreatitis  is pathogenic swelling and
    inflammation of the pancreas. Pancreas is a large
    gland present behind the stomach and next to
    small intestine.
  • It release digestive enzyme into the small
    intestine, which help in the digestion of the
    food
  • It also releases insulin and glucagon into the
    bloodstream which helps to control the glucose
    level in our blood.
  • Mostly damage to the pancreas occurs when the
    digestive enzymes are activated before they are
    released to the small intestine and attack the
    pancreas.

3
Symptoms
  • Symptoms of pancreatitis
  • Certain symptoms may include
  • Upper abdominal pain
  • Abdominal pain that radiates to the back and
    feels worse after eating
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Rapid pulse
  • Losing of weight
  • Steatorrhea, fatty stool with foul smell (In case
    of chronic pancreatitis)

4
Types of pancreatitis
  • There are two types of pancreatitis
  • Acute pancreatitis It is sudden inflammation
    that last from some hours to several days. Acute
    pancreatitis may cause a mild discomfort to a
    life threatening issue. It can be cured
    completely if the patient is given a right
    treatment at correct time. Gallstones are the
    major cause of acute pancreatitis, gall stones
    are small, solid masses formed in the bile duct.
  • Chronic pancreatitis- It is long lasting
    inflammation of the pancreas. Due to repetitive
    damage of the pancreas scar tissue may also tend
    to develop. Excessive scar tissue may stop the
    work of the pancreas, and there may be many
    acquired and genetic causes for this
    pancreatitis.

5
Causes of pancreatitis
  • Certain causes of pancreatitis may include
  • Drinking high level of alcohol
  • Gall stones
  • Abdominal surgery
  • Certain medication
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Family history of pancreatitis
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • High calcium level of the blood (hypercalcemia),
    which may be caused by overactive parathyroid
    gland
  • Infection
  • Injury to the abdomen
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • High triglyceride level in the blood
    (hypertriglyceridemia)

6
Treatment
  • Treatments of pancreatitis
  • Diet and relief to the pancreas may be the most
    effective treatment.
  • Diet- A low fat, healthy diet plays a major role
    in recovering from pancreatitis. And it is mostly
    important in case of chronic pancreatitis
  • Pain medication- As pancreatitis can cause severe
    pain, so pain medication is given to relief pain
    and other symptoms
  • Relief to pancreas- Fasting in hospital, or
    depending on intravenous fluid to keep the body
    hydrated may be effective methods to treat in
    case of acute pancreatitis
  • Surgery-Certain gallbladder surgery if gallstone
    is the issue, pancreas surgery to drain fluid
    from the pancreas , surgery to open and widen
    bile duct if pancreatitis is caused by narrowed
    and blocked bile duct may to options to release
    pancreatitis in certain cases
  • Enzyme supplements- Certain pancreatic enzyme
    supplements can be given to improve digestion.

7
Diagnosis of pancreatitis
  • In case of acute pancreatitis level of digestive
    enzymes in the blood is measured, if the level is
    more, it confirms acute pancreatitis.
  • In case of chronic pancreatitis certain
    blood, urine and stool test is done to diagnose
    the condition.
  • Certain other tests may include
  • Pancreatic function test- Which look for the
    working nature of the digestive enzymes
  • Glucose tolerance test-It measures the damage of
    the cell in pancreas that makes insulin
  • Imaging techniques such as ultrasound, MRI and CT
    scan- It looks at the images of pamceras for
    further information
  • ERCP (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatograp
    hy)- To look at the pancreatic and bile ducts
    using X-rays
  • Biopsy-Removing a small sample of the pancreas
    for further study.

8
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