BPH (Benign Prostate Hyperplasia): Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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BPH (Benign Prostate Hyperplasia): Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment


The problem of BPH (Benign Prostate Hyperplasia) occurs when there is an excessive enlargement of the prostate gland. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: BPH (Benign Prostate Hyperplasia): Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH)
Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH)
  • The prostate is a gland that processes the fluid
    and transports sperm during ejaculation. The
    prostate gland is located near the urethra. The
    problem of BPH (Benign Prostate Hyperplasia)
    occurs when there is an excessive enlargement of
    the prostate gland. The enlarged prostate gland
    creates complications in the easy flow of
    urination. The problem of BPH (Benign Prostate
    Hyperplasia) is most common in men older than 60
    years of age. 

Causes of Benign Prostate Hyperplasia 
  • The exact cause of an enlarged prostate is not
    known. However, the most common factors that can
    lead to an enlarged prostate are ageing and
    alteration in the testicle cells, which results
    in an abnormal growth of the gland. The
    development of BPH (Benign Prostate Hyperplasia)
    starts in men as they reach the age of 40 and
    this condition exists throughout the life of an
    individual. Approximately 85 of the men over the
    age of 70 have this condition. In this condition,
    the bladder muscle becomes bulky and tightens the
    urethra by creating an excessive pressure. As a
    result, the bladder becomes more sensitive and
    the urge to urinate increases. The increase in
    the number of cells can also cause enlargement of
    the prostate.

  • The symptoms of BPH involve the problems related
    to controlling the urine or other problems of
    bladder storage. Some symptoms of BPH are listed
    below. However, these symptoms are not always
    related to BPH. 
  • Incontinence
  • Struggling to urinate
  • Uncontrollable urge to urinate
  • Dribbling
  • Frequent urination at night
  • Pain while discharging
  • Bloody urine
  • Weak bladder system
  • Urinary retention
  • Leakage of urine
  • Weak flow of urine

  • The treatment of BPH (Benign Prostate
    Hyperplasia) depends on the seriousness of the
    condition and how much they affect an individual.
    The treatment of enlarged prostate will include,
    change in lifestyle, medications, and
    sometimes surgery. If there are mild symptoms,
    BPH can disorder can be, effectively treated at
    home by bringing some healthy changes in the
  • Self care Treatment of BPH
  • Never try to control the urge to urinate. Go to
    the bathroom whenever you get a chance, even if
    you dont feel like peeing.
  • Physical inactivity can also lead to BPH.
    Exercise regularly to maintain a healthy blood
  • Strength your lower body or abdomen area. Learn
    kegel exercises to gain control over your pelvic

  • Avoid drinking water or any other fluid, at least
    two hours before going to bed.
  • Cut down the intake of alcohol and
    other caffeine products.
  • Avoid stressful situations
  • MedicinesMost of the doctors suggest alpha-1
    blocker drugs. These drugs lower high blood
    pressure, relax the muscle of bladder and
    prostate. These medicines treat the problems of
    bladder system and improve the process of
    urination. Antibiotics are also prescribed by the
    doctors to reduce the inflammation of the

  • Surgery 
  • If a patient shows no results with lifestyle and
    medicinal treatment, a doctor may perform the
    surgery to correct the disorders related to
    bladder system. Surgery is, recommended if there
    are frequent flow of blood in the urine, bladder
    stone, BPH causing harm to kidney system,
    incontinence and urinary retention. The most
    common and effective surgical treatment of BPH
    (Benign Prostate Hyperplasia) is Transurethral
    Resection of the Prostate (TURP), the TURP
    surgery removes the defected piece of the
    prostate gland.

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