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Esophageal Cancer Treatment in India


comprehensive care for patients with Esophageal Cancer, including advanced diagnosis, best treatment options . A team of Surgical Oncologists, Radiation Oncologists, Medical Oncologists, Urologists, Rehabilitation team and other medical specialties work together to treat each Esophageal Cancer patient – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Esophageal Cancer Treatment in India

Esophageal Cancer Surgery Benefits in
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Cancer that forms in tissues lining the esophagus
(the muscular tube through which food passes from
the throat to the stomach). Two types of
esophageal cancer are squamous cell carcinoma
(cancer that begins in flat cells lining the
esophagus) and adenocarcinoma (cancer that begins
in cells that make and release mucus and other
  • Esophageal cancer has been categorized into two
    types that include
  • Adenocarcinoma This type of esophageal cancer
    starts in the glandular tissue in the lower part
    of the esophagus. The stomach and the esophagus
    appear together in this lower part of esophagus.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma  Squamous cell carcinoma
begins in the squamous cells lining the
esophagus. This type of esophageal cancer
typically occurs in the middle and upper part of
the esophagus.
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Early esophageal cancer usually does not cause
symptoms. However, as the cancer grows, symptoms
may include painful or difficulty in swallowing,
weight loss and coughing up blood. Risk factors
for developing esophageal cancer include
  • Smoking
  • Heavy Drinking
  • Damage from acid reflux
  • Frequent choking while eating
  • Chest burning, pain or pressure
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Treatment of Esophageal Cancer at World Best
Cancer Hospitals in India
There are a number of treatment options available
for esophageal cancer that depends on some
factors such as general health of patient, stage
of the cancer and the specific site of the
primary tumor in the esophagus. Following are
some of the treatment options
  • Radio Therapy  High-energy radiation beams are
    targeted on the cancerous tissue in order to
    destroy it. Radiotherapy is usually used in
    addition with either chemotherapy or surgery.
    Radiotherapy can be categorized into two
    different types for treating esophageal cancer
    that include
  • Internal Radiotherapy A small radioactive
    implant is placed close to the cancerous tumor
    for removing and destroying it.
  • External Radiotherapy  This therapy makes use of
    machine that is placed outside the body. This
    machine helps in directing the radiation on the
    cancer for the purpose of destroying it.
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Esophageal Cancer Specialist in India
Surgery The surgical procedure for removing the
entire or a part of the esophagus depends on the
location and size of the tumor. There are a
number of surgical procedures for reaching to the
esophagus. The surgical procedure can remove
nearby soft tissues, a section of the esophagus
and the lymph nodes. The entire or a part of the
stomach can also be removed. The cancer is
removed by making several incisions in the
abdomen and chest.
In majority of cases, the stomach is pulled up
and is then joined with the remaining portion of
the esophagus. Also, a part of the intestine is
used for connecting the stomach with the
esophagus remaining part. A part of large
intestine or small intestine may also be used. A
part of the intestine is used when the stomach is
removed for joining it with the left over part of
the esophagus to the small intestine.
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Chemotherapy  People with esophageal cancer can
also be treated with the help of chemotherapy.
This therapy makes use of certain drugs that
helps in destroying the cancer cells. The
injection of these drugs is done into a vein
(intravenous) that then travels throughout the
different parts of the body.
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) In this outpatient
procedure, controlled bursts of radiofrequency
energy burn away thin layers of abnormal tissue
on the surface of the esophagus, leaving healthy
tissue intact. Radiofrequency ablation takes
about 45 minutes, and patients can usually return
to their normal activities the next day, though
some patient may experience chest pain and
difficulty swallowing for about a week.
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