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Clement of Alexandria


Athens named as his birthplace by the sixth-century Epiphanius Scholasticus ... Himself the New Canticle, whose melody subdues the fiercest and hardest natures. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Clement of Alexandria

Clement of Alexandria
  • Jakki Bennett
  • Amanda Bernstein

  • Born Titus Flavius Clemens
  • Though it is likely that he was born in the
    decade 150-160
  • Birthplace is not known with certainty.
  • Athens named as his birthplace by the
    sixth-century Epiphanius Scholasticus
  • Was born of heathen parentage

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Growing Up
  • Was attracted to Christianity by the nobility and
    purity of the evangelical doctrines and morals.
  • His conversion, if it had not yet taken place,
    was at least imminent when he undertook the
    journeys spoken of in his writings.
  • He set out from Greece and traveled through
    southern Italy, Palestine, and finally Egypt,
    seeking everywhere the society of Christian

His Life
  • Towards 180, he met Pantaenus at Alexandria, and
    took up his permanent residence in that city.
  • It was there he was ordained a presbyter and,
    from being a disciple of Pantaenus, became, in
    190, his associate and fellow-teacher.
  • In 202 or 203, he was forced to suspend his
    lessons on account of the persecution of
    Septimius Severus, which closed the Christian
    school of Alexandria.

His Life
  • He withdrew into Cappadocia, residing there with
    his former disciple, Bishop Alexander.
  • We meet him again in 211, carrying to the
    Christians of Antioch a letter from Alexander, in
    which are mentioned the services he, Clement, had
    rendered in Cappadocia.

Clements Writings
  • Clement's writing was not voluminous.
  • His three chief works were Exhortation to
    Conversion (Protrepticus), the Tutor
    (Paedagogus), and the Miscellanies (Stromateis).

From the letters of the most holy Clement, the
author of the Stromateis. To Theodore.
Clement s Writings
  • While he also had other treatises written
    specifically to guide rich converts in living by
    true Christian ethics, he strove, more than
    anything else, to unite the Christian faith and
  • Clement realized that before he could start on
    his philosophical theology he had to prove that
    Christian philosophy was itself a justified
    solution for the enmity between the pagan and
    Christian communities.

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Teachings(Miscellanies) Stromateis
  • Contains 7 books, but there is a hiatus between
    the 4th and 5th books in which The Tutor was
  • Never finished, first pages missing
  • 8th book just contains extracts from other pagan
  • Defends that philosophy is needed to keep
    learning about Christianity
  • Shows how faith is related to knowledge
  • Insists Gods truth is found in revelation and
  • The true Gnostic the perfect and instructed
  • Mentions religious science as an element to that
    of a perfect Christian

Teachings(Hortatory Discourse to the Greeks)
Protreptikos pros Ellenas
  • Alludes Christ in music
  • Christ is the noblest minstrel. His harp and
    Iyre are men. He draws music from their hearts by
    the Holy Spirit nay, Christ is Himself the New
    Canticle, whose melody subdues the fiercest and
    hardest natures.
  • Contrast Christianity versus Paganism
  • Declares that the truth is found in Christ
  • Ends with a description of a humble Christian
    advises those who find it wrong to leave the
    Christian religion

TeachingsThe Tutor (Paidagogos)
  • Guide spread among three books to aid one into
    becoming a learned Christian
  • Uses a story of a master and his slave boy to
    show how God shapes us in all aspects of daily
  • Ends with two short poems one addressed to
    Clement from a devout reader and a second as a
    hymn attributed to Clement
  • Hymn may have been an earlier work of someone
    else, but is unknown

Teachings(Outlines) Hypotyposeis
  • Believed to be one of Clements earliest works
  • Is a commentary with historical and doctrinal
    remarks on the Bible and two other non-canonical
  • Was translated into Latin, but all that remains
    are assorted passages written in Greek
  • Determined not completely accurate included a
    recap of the Creation Story (myth)
  • Frequent grammatical mistakes made it hard to
    read leaving parts up for interpretation

  • Clements works did not have much influence on
    theology except for the impact on Origen
  • Works were used by others at times though such as
    by Hippolytus
  • Works were also referred to and noted, but with
    remarks that they were often unfounded or
  • Great knowledge of poems, letters and Biblical
    literature gave his works substance
  • Most likely used an anthology as a reference tool

TeachingsScience and Philosophy in Works
  • Vowed to keep up as a noble Christian but also
    maintain his studies as a philosopher
  • Applied philosophy to Christianity so that faith
    could be converted to science, and revelation to
  • Took the Old Testament as highly symbolical, but
    failed to do so for the New Testament later on
    looked only for allegory
  • Moral worth of religious knowledge and knowledge
    which turns to love

  • Died between 211 216.
  • Ancient authors speak of him as St. Clement, but
    his name was not admitted to the Roman
    Martyrology by Benedict XIV.

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