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JOB SEARCH STRATEGIES FOR

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When conducting your job search, leave no stone unturned. ... and to apply them in their job search. Tailor your resume to each opportunity and use key ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: JOB SEARCH STRATEGIES FOR


1
JOB SEARCH STRATEGIES FOR
  • Employee and Career Advising
  • www.hr.arizona.edu

2
A WORD ABOUT JOB SEARCHES
  • Knowledge is power, and understanding how
    employers hire will help in planning an effective
    job search.
  • Be prepared to become frustrated with the process
    at one time or another. You will likely feel a
    loss of control and have the sense that the
    employer holds all the cards -- and they aren't
    showing their hand.
  • The more time, research and preparation you
    undertake, the better your chances for success.
  • The following presentation is designed to help
    you map out a job search strategy that brings
    results!

3
STEPS TO CONDUCTING YOUR CAREER SEARCH
.
  • Hiring practices vary from industry to industry,
  • employer to employer, hiring manager to hiring
  • manager. Even managers at the same employer
  • may use different approaches.
  • However, here are some definitive steps you
  • can take to improve your chance for success.
  • Scan the environmental
  • Self assess
  • Improve your job skills
  • Identify job leads
  • Create amazing cover letters and resumes
  • Sharpen your interview skills

4
CONDUCT AN ENVIRONMENTAL SCAN
  • What companies and industries are hiring and
    which are downsizing?
  • Are there new or expanding companies in your
    target area?
  • What are the most critical skills employers want
    from employees?

5
WHAT DO EMPLOYERS WANT?
6
ACADEMIC AND ACQUIRED SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGE
  • Industry specific skills and knowledge
  • Reading and comprehensive skills.
  • Use of math, logic, and reasoning skills
  • Writing skills that enables effective
  • communication with a variety of people
  • Strong oral and public speaking skills.
  • Skill in the use of computer and other
    technologies.
  • Effective information accessing and processing
    skills.
  • Ability to conduct research and interpret and
    apply data.
  • An understanding of the environment in which you
    work and current state of affairs.
  • Foreign languages and cultural competency

7
PERSONAL TRAITS AND INNATE ABILITIES
  • Interpersonal skills, including listening,and
    working collaboratively with others.
  • Critical thinking, reasoning, and
    problem-solving skills.
  • Self-discipline self-responsibility and the
    ability to apply ethical principles.
  • Adaptability and flexibility.
  • Conflict resolution and negotiation skills.
  • Multicultural understanding, including insights
    into diversity and the need for an international
    perspective.
  • Being excited about lifelong learning and setting
    personal and professional goals.

8
CONDUCT A SELF-ASSESSMENT
  • Current Job Situation
  • Are there opportunities for a different role or
    alternative arrangement? (e.g. part-time, flex
    schedule)
  • Financial Requirements
  • What is minimum net salary you need? What is
    the cost of benefit premiums? What might be some
    alternative sources of income?
  • Preference, skills, abilities, temperament
  • What are your life/work needs? what type of work
    culture is desired? What are your strongest
    skills, abilities, knowledge areas and how are
    they transferable to other jobs/careers?
  • Development Needs
  • What gaps exist between your skills and what
    employers are seeking? What training/development
    steps do you need to take to close the gap?

9
DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES
  • Formal College Education
  • Business and Technical Schools
  • Community Classes
  • Specialized Training Certification
  • On-line courses
  • Vocational Programs
  • Temporary or contract work
  • Volunteer Work or unpaid internships
  • On-the-Job Take on additional projects, job
    rotation, project teams, committees, mentoring

10
LOCATING JOB LEADS
  • You need to decide what sources you will use to
    locate potential employers.
  • Everyone you talk to will have a different
    opinionon this. Some people feel that classified
    ads are a waste of time and that networking is
    the only wayto go. Others believe that using
    recruiters will getthem the job they want.
  • Some people prefer to conduct their entire
    searchthrough the internet.
  • So, which strategies should you use? The answer
    is, all of them.
  • The success of each strategy may depend on the
    type of position or industry you are seeking.
    When conducting your job search, leave no stone
    unturned. Use different methods for tracking
    down potential employers, but always include
    marketing strategies that put you in personal
    contact with potential employers.

11
LOCATING JOB LEADS (REQUIRES RESEARCH)
Employers who hire occasionally, or for
veryspecialized positions, will advertise
positions through print and internet advertising
and willsearch on-line resume banks or use paid
recruitmentservices. Strategies Read classified
ads, utilize popular job boards such as
CareerBuilder or Monster.com as well as targeted
or industry driven job boards. Employers who
need to hire large groups of employees or are
expanding or restructuring their organization may
be continuously recruiting applicants, even when
there isn't an immediate need. They may be
building a pool of applicants from which to draw
from. Strategies Pay attention to articles in
newspapers and news stories about new or expanded
companies Search company websites, attend career
fairs, visit or contact targeted employers
directly.
12
LOCATING JOB LEADS (REQUIRES PERSONAL CONTACT)
  • Most employers are always on the look-out for
    good talent. They are actively recruiting, but
    may not have an specific job opening or they may
    have positions that are not formally advertised.
  • Strategies These opportunities can be
    accessedthrough referral of friends and
    associates andby networking with others at
    events, socialengagements etc. You can also sign
    up or contactrecruitment firms that have a
    client base in industries that hire for the
    positions you are seeking
  • Employers hire people they like. They like people
    they know. They get to know people by observing
    them in action.
  • Strategies Register with temporary staffing
    agencies volunteer to work at companies you
    would like to work for or who can become a source
    of referral.

13
TIPS FOR APPLYING ON-LINE
  • Employers are frequently turning to technology to
    help managethe hiring process. Growing
    technologies include resume scanning systems,
    databases and job boards. Those seeking to find
    newemployment are well advised to learn the
    rules of this new worldand to apply them in
    their job search.
  • Tailor your resume to each opportunity and use
    key words
  • Computers can now search scanned resumes and
    identify key words, skill sets and experiences
    that match the positions desiredqualifications.
    These tools can even be tailored to count the
    number of times that a specific term occurs in a
    resume and give more weight to those with higher
    counts. By modifying your resume to include
    specific reference in the job announcement to
    desired skills, you can significantly improve the
    chances of your resume getting past the
    electronic gatekeeper and into the hiring
    authoritys inbox.
  • Keep your personal information on job boards
    secure.
  • Do not include key personal data such as social
    security, drivers license, bank account or credit
    card numbers in your online profile or resume.
    As date of birth is also commonly used for
    identification purposes, avoid including it as
    well.

14
ELECTRONIC JOB BOARDS
You likely know about popular on-line jobboards
such as Monster.com and CareerBuilder, but you
may not be familiar with niche sites. Niche sites
are sites that specialize in a particular
industry or profession, such as Dice.com
(technical) and InsideHigher Ed
(Higher Education). Did you know that many
federal, state, provincial, and local government
jobs are listed online? Try Statejobs.com and
Federaljobsearch.com Many companies list their
job openings on their corporate web sites. You
can easily find those sites by typing in the name
of the company in any search engine. You can also
add the word recruiter or human resources to
get potential contact information. Other
resources include FlipDog.com and Indeed.com that
gather job listings from company web sites and
place them on single search engine. In addition,
newspapers often publish their classified ads on
the Web, which you can access at not cost, and
free sites like Craigslist are being increasingly
popular sites for locating employment
opportunities.
15
USING SOCIAL NETWORKS FOR JOB LEADS
  • Social networking sites are an excellent
    sourceof job opportunities. Professional sites
    such as LinkedIn allow users to develop and
    extend their personalnetwork by connecting with
    the networks of others and to allow
    recommendations andreferences to be forwarded
    easily.
  • Personal networking sites such as Facebook and
    MySpace do come
  • with a risk. A name-based check on the Internet
    will surface your
  • entry on any of these networking sites. It is
    highly advised that you
  • make sure that your page reflects you in the best
    light possible.

16
HOW DO EMPLOYERS SCREEN APPLICANTS?
Once employers have an applicant pool, finding
the best qualified candidate is no simple task
since they are working with limited information.
The reality is that for any one job, employers
may have 50, 100 or more applicants. Their first
task is to eliminate as many applicants as fast
as possible. During the initial screening,
employers may take no more than a 30 - 45 seconds
on each application/resume. Their only goal is to
narrow the pool of qualified applicants to be
interviewed. They are looking for reasons to
screen you out, not in. SO, DONT GIVE THEM ANY
HELP! You must spend the necessary time and
effort putting together the best cover letters
and resumes possible. Typos, poor grammar and
cutesy or off-the-cuff antidotes or stories are
quick ways to get eliminated. You need to
represent yourself as professionally and
competently as possible. Employers will spend
more time reviewing the small pool of candidates
left after the review of application materials.
Some employers will conduct phone interviews
first, others only interview in person. In either
case, you will need to upgrade your interview
skills.
(See also Techniques
for Successful Job Interviewing)
17
COVER LETTER FORMAT
  • First Paragraph
  • State the reason for the letter, name the
    specific position for which you are applying,
    and indicate how you learned of the opening
    andwhy your are interested in the position and
    the company expressenthusiasm that your skills,
    experiences etc are a great fit for this
    particular position.
  • Second Paragraph
  • This is the time to let the reader learn who you
    are and what value you would bring to the
    company. Point out specific qualifications and
    attributes related to stated requirements in the
    job advertisement.
  • Dont repeat whats in your resume. Highlight
    the things that are the most unique and
    impressive.
  • Third Paragraph
  • Refer to the enclosed/attached application or
    resume. Indicate your desire for a personal
    interview and your flexibility as to time and
    place, including your willingness to travel and
    interview at your own expense. Thank them for
    their consideration and state that you hope to
    hear from them in the near future.

18
RESUME TIPS
  • Limit to two pages if possible unless drafting a
    vita
  • Leave off career objective it is a space waster
    anddoesnt add much value.
  • Include education at top of 1st page only if
    recent/relevant and/or impressive
  • Begin with professional statement and/or
    highlightof specific skills and accomplishments
    gives the reader a quick summary of your
    qualifications
  • Remember to include technical and computer
    skills, languages spoken etc.
  • Include relevant responsibilities and functions
    not every task you performed
  • Use bulleted statements to describe duties with
    outputs, impact and scope
  • Talk about measurable outcomes such as people
    supervised, saved etc.
  • Include relevant memberships, associations and
    community service but skip references to rock
    climbing, feng shui and other personal hobbies
  • Also See
    Developing Effective Resumes and Cover letters

19
QUICK INTERVIEW TIPS
  • Be on time and dress appropriately
  • Make a good first impression (attitude,
    energy,personality)
  • Eliminate possible distractors like chewing gum,
    visible tattoos, large jewelry, ill-fitting
    clothes, loud colors, heavy perfume, etc.
  • Prepare and anticipate questions around common
    themes (problem-solving, critical thinking,
    collaboration, etc.)
  • Be ready with relevant examples, stories and
    antidotes
  • Listen for meaning and ask permission to take
    notes.
  • Keep answers brief 60 seconds to 2 minutes
  • Avoid any talk of personal problems, constraints
    and family situations
  • Dont talk about salary or benefits until you
    know you are a serious candidate
  • Also See
    Techniques for Successful Job Interviewing

20
JOB SEARCH ACTION PLAN
  • Write down your job or career goals.
  • Create an inventory of your job skills and
    abilities.
  • Identify some development activities.
  • Research places you might want to work (website,
    informational interviews).
  • Identify specific action items and target time
    tables for completing each task.
  • Network, make contacts, let everyone know you are
    looking.

21
FINAL THOUGHTS ABOUT JOB SEARCHES
  • Treat your job search like a job schedule
    specific time for job search efforts.
  • Identify work that enhances your current skill
    set and builds toward new experiences.
  • Rely on research, contacts and face-to-face
    interaction to identify opportunities.
  • Use multiple job search strategies- but focus
    your efforts on the most effective methods.
  • Focus on industries and organizations for which
    you would like to work.
  • Customize a resume to each position.
  • Practice interviewing so that you are confident
    without being cocky Learn to fake it til you
    make it.
  • Never complain about the people or places you
    have worked - even if its justified. Its the
    biggest turnoff to potential employers.
  • People hire people they like Figure out how to
    get some face contact with decision-makers.
  • Dont stay idle too long if you dont obtain a
    position within your targeted timeframe start
    your own business, work for a temporary agency or
    volunteer at a company you admire. This will keep
    your skills sharp and minimize gaps in your work
    history.

22
JOB SEARCH ACTION ITEMS
What are three action items that you will
complete by the end of the week? (Something you
are not doing now)
1. 2. 3.
23
JOB SEARCH RESOURCES
  • Sample of Tucson ASRS Employers
  • Pima Community College - www.pima.edu/jobs.htm
  • City of Tucson - www.ci.tucson.az.us/humanre/job.h
    tm
  • Tucson Unified School District -
    www.tusd.k12.az.us/
  • Pima County - www.pima.gov/hr/cur.html
  • Tucson Airport Authority -
  • www.tucsonairport.org/taa/html/taa_employment.html
  • Complete List of ASRS Employers
  • www.asrs.state/az.us/web/pdf/EmployerList.pdf
  • Others Resources
  • AzStarnet (List of Tucsons top 200 employers)
  • www.azstarnet.com
  • Job Hunters Bible Jobhuntersbible.com
  • What Color is Your Parachute Richard Bolles
  • Job Hunting for Dummies - Max Messmer
  • POPULAR JOB BOARDS
  • AlljobSearch.com
  • Careerbuilder.com
  • Indeed.com
  • Flipdog.com
  • Hotjobs.yahoo.com
  • Jobing.com
  • Jobcentral.com
  • Jobsnet.com
  • Monster.com
  • TopUSAjobs.com
  • Truecareers.com
  • Simply Hired
  • Usjobs.com
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