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Overview of the regulation of RTTE and key features of current approaches


TS0008 Citizens' Band Radio. TS0009 Amateur Radio. TS0010 V-SAT ... TS0013 Radio Broadcast MF (AM) TS0014 Radio Broadcast VHF (FM) TS0015 Radio Fixed Links ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Overview of the regulation of RTTE and key features of current approaches

Botswana Telecommunications Authority
Stakeholder Workshop on the Development of
Technical Specifications and Type Approval
  • Overview of the regulation of RTTE and key
    features of current approaches

  • Project objectives
  • to establish technical criteria for the
    regulation of the supply of radio and
    telecommunications terminal equipment
  • to establish the procedures to be followed in the
    regulation of the supply of radio and
    telecommunications terminal equipment
  • Contract awarded to InterConnect and Business
    Online on 7th February 2005 following open
    tender procedure.
  • Work started with a kick off meeting in Gaborone
    on 14th February 2005
  • Work has progressed well and according to the
    agreed plan

Why Regulate?
  • For all RTTE
  • Ensure safe operation of equipment (no harm to
    user or network)
  • Ensure Electromagnetic Compatibility between
    electrical devices
  • Terminal Equipment
  • Achieve compatibility between terminal equipment
    and the network interfaces to which they are
    intended to be connected.
  • Radio Equipment
  • Achieve an environment where all radio equipment
    operates with known technical parameters and so
    contribute to the avoidance of harmful
    interference (effective use of the radio spectrum)

What is involved?
  • Technical Requirements
  • Compliance how is it demonstrated?
  • Procedures (pre-market)
  • Labelling
  • Activities (post-market)
  • Fees

Technical Requirements - 1
  • Historically national standards developed by
    national standards bodies typically extensive,
    detailed requirements
  • Regional activities to harmonise requirements
    driven by desire to establish larger markets,
    bring down prices, e.g. EU
  • Required cooperation of standards bodies too,
    establishment of ETSI, CENELEC, etc..
  • Gradual reduction in extent and depth of testing
    focus on interface compatibility
  • Telecoms market now so global that global
    standards exist, e.g. GSM, IEEE802.11 for
    wireless LANs, ISDN

Technical Requirements - 2
  • In most countries, the local technical
    requirements now reference recognised
    international standards. For example, Australia,
    Singapore, South Africa. EU is a special case,
    but effectively relies on International standards
  • Scope
  • Safety (of user and telecoms network)
  • Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
  • Performance (effective use of radio spectrum and
    compatibility with network interfaces)

Compliance how is it demonstrated?
  • Again, historically, national standards required
    national testing repeat testing in each country
    where RTTE was to be supplied extensive testing
    significant expense
  • Then regimes evolved where test reports against
    harmonised standards became acceptable test
    once and use the test report to demonstrate
    compliance in a number of countries
  • Very latest approach is that supplier completes a
    declaration of conformity with applicable
    technical requirements.
  • Manufacturer satisfies itself of compliance by
    whatever means it sees fit before signing the DoC
  • For example Australia, EU, Singapore and USA

Procedures - 1
  • Historically an application was submitted to
    the regulatory body in each country where a
    product was to be supplied
  • Signed application forms
  • Detailed technical documentation
  • Test reports or, testing would be carried out by
    the authority
  • Regional approvals then evolved one
    application, one approval valid in a number of
    countries, for e.g. earlier EU
  • Similar paperwork requirements
  • Evaluation of test reports submitted with an
  • In both of the above pre-market involvement of
    the regulator positive decision is required

Procedures - 2
  • Today mixture some national
    approvals/registrations and some regimes in which
    no registration of individual products is
  • In some cases there is no pre-market involvement
    of regulator, for example Australia and EU for
    all products and for many in USA and Singapore
  • Responsible party who is liable for a product?
  • Responsible party signs paperwork
  • Quite common that responsible party must reside
    in the relevant jurisdiction. For example
    Australia, EU, Singapore, South Africa, USA

  • It is normal to have a requirement for marking
    and labelling
  • But what should the requirements be?
  • Marking of product can be difficult
  • Marking of packaging and documentation is easier
  • And what information should the label present?
  • Identification of supplier?
  • Supplier and product?
  • In many cases also a unique approval/registration
  • Sometimes generic as in EU

Post Market Activities
  • Historically approvals body relatively
    passive after approval
  • Approval holder required to inform authorities of
    changes to product and so maintain approved
  • Regulator would take action in the case of a
  • Factory quality certification initial factory
    inspection and regular follow-up visits to ensure
    change control processes are maintained
  • Now heightened awareness that post-market
    surveillance is fairer to all
  • It deters those who seek to evade pre-market
  • Supports those who place products on the market
  • Surveillance activities are possibly the single
    most effective part of a type approval regime.
    Active surveillance in Australia, EU, Singapore,
    South Africa, USA

  • Most countries require a fee to be paid for each
  • Sometimes with an annual renewal fee too
  • Sometimes with fees payable each time a change to
    the product is registered with the authority
  • In some countries fees are paid to register as
    the responsible party. For example in the USA it
    is necessary to pay a fee in order to get an
    identity with the regulator (FCC)!
  • Sometimes no fees paid at all. For example
    Australia and the EU

Key recommendations for Botswana
  • On technical requirements these should be based
    in internationally recognised standards.
  • On how compliance shall be demonstrated the
    responsible party shall sign a declaration of
  • On procedures an application shall be submitted
    to BTA for assessment. BTA shall make a positive
    decision before the product can be placed on the
    market in Botswana.
  • On responsible party there shall be a legally
    responsible party registered in Botswana.
  • On labelling there shall be a BTA label.
  • On post-market activities BTA shall establish an
    active surveillance regime.
  • On fees BTA shall recover the costs of
    regulating the supply of RTTE through fees raised

And the future.?
  • Botswana
  • approximately 1.5 million inhabitants
  • GDP of approximately US15 billion
  • Southern African Development Cooperation (SADC)
  • Approximately 190 million inhabitants
  • GDP of approximately US180 billion
  • Proposed new regime for Botswana would be equally
    applicable for the SADC region would represent
    a significant market for equipment suppliers
    accessed via a single process, similar to that
    proposed for Botswana.
  • Botswana currently holds the SADC Chairmanship
    is now a good time for Botswana to take the
    initiative in SADC on the harmonisation of
    telecoms regulation in the region?

Botswana Telecommunications Authority
Stakeholder Workshop on the Development of
Technical Specifications and Type Approval
  • RTTE Specifications for Botswana

  • Overview of relevant standards bodies
  • Identification of international standards for
    radio equipment
  • Identification of international standards for
    terminal equipment

Standards Bodies
  • ETSI European Telecommunications Standards
  • Based in France
  • Officially responsible for the standardisation of
    Information and Communications Technologies (ICT)
    in Europe.
  • Production of telecommunications standards
  • ES ETSI Standard
  • TS Technical Specification
  • EN European Standard
  • ETS European Telecommunications Standard
  • TBR Technical Basis for Regulation
  • Example EN 300 248 2,048 kbit/s digital
    unstructured leased line (D2048U) Terminal
    equipment interface

Standards Bodies
  • ITU International Telecommunications
  • Based in Switzerland
  • International organisation under the United
    Nations system
  • Foster cooperation and harmonisation in
  • Production of Recommendations, for example
  • X.21 Interface between data terminal equipment
    and data circuit-terminating equipment for
    synchronous operation on public data networks

Standards Bodies
  • Cenelec European Committee for
    Electro-technical Standardisation
  • Based in Belgium
  • Focused on health and safety of consumers and
  • IEC is a cooperating partner in CENELEC
  • Example EN 60950 Safety of information
    technology equipment

Standards Bodies
  • ANSI American National Standards Institute
  • Based in Washington DC
  • Focus on standardisation and conformity
  • Example ANSI 603 Land mobile FM or PM
    communication equipment, measurement and
    performance standard

Identification of Radio Specifications
  • Examination of Botswana National Frequency
    Allocation Table
  • Identify the types of service to which
    frequencies have been allocated AND the types
    which have not
  • Identify which frequencies have been allocated
  • This gives an idea towhich standard is

Botswana NFAT - Example
  • Present
  • Television Transmitters
  • Analogue and Digital
  • Analogue Cordless Phones (CT0)
  • US frequency range
  • Wireless Microphones
  • Missing
  • Non-Specific Short Range Devices
  • 49.820 49.980 MHz

Identifying Standards
  • Where ETSI standards exist, use these
  • Botswana is in ITU Region 1
  • ETSI standards are free
  • ETSI process is open
  • Botswana can participate as an associate member
  • Good relationship with other national and
    international standardisation bodies
  • Where non-EU services exist, use appropriate
  • US TIA PMR (Analogue and Digital)
  • UK MPT 1327 (Trunked Analogue Radio)
  • Short Range (Family) Radio
  • South African (29 MHz)
  • US (462/467 MHz)

What if no standards exist?
  • BTA shall ensure that equipment
  • Is electrically safe
  • Is electromagnetically compatible with other
  • Protects the telecommunication system to which it
    is connected
  • Makes efficient use of the radio spectrum
  • Is capable of interworking with other
    telecommunications equipment for certain key
    functions, for example, establishing a call.

Wired Services and their technical characteristics
  • A number of meetings with BTC
  • Research on the Internet (including BTC web site)
  • Services identified
  • Analogue PSTN
  • Analogue Leased Line
  • ISDN (Basic and Primary rate)
  • Various High Speed Data Services (X.21/V.35,
    X.25, N64Kbit/s)
  • ADSL and HDSL
  • E1 hierarchy G.703 leased lines
  • Compatible with ITU, ETSI standards (A-Law
    encoding, V and X series, E1 hierarchy rather
    than T1)

Services and their technical characteristics
  • Analogue PSTN historically can have a national
  • Key issues
  • Dialling
  • Ringing
  • Transmission
  • Studied these key characteristics in BTCs
    procurement specification for Analogue PSTN
  • Identified that ETSI specification TBR21 was an
    good match compliance with TBR21 will ensure
    successful operation with BTC PSTN network

Radio Equipment Standards
  • 31 specifications prepared
  • TS0002 GSM Handsets Terminals
  • TS0003 GSM Base Stations
  • TS0004 Analogue PMR Handsets
  • TS0005 Analogue PMR Base Stations
  • TS0006 TETRA Handsets
  • TS0007 TETRA Base Stations
  • TS0008 Citizens Band Radio
  • TS0009 Amateur Radio
  • TS0010 V-SAT
  • TS0011 Mobile Earth Stations (MES), Satellite
    News Gathering (SNG)
  • TS0012 Fixed Earth Stations
  • TS0013 Radio Broadcast MF (AM)
  • TS0014 Radio Broadcast VHF (FM)
  • TS0015 Radio Fixed Links
  • TS0016 DECT Cordless Telephone Handsets
  • TS0017 DECT Base Stations

Radio Equipment Standards
  • TS0018 Radio Microphones/In ear Monitoring
  • TS0019 2.4GHz Wideband Data Transmission Systems
  • TS0020 5GHz High Performance Radio LAN Equipment
  • TS0021 Ground and Airborne Model Control
  • TS0022 UMTS Base Stations
  • TS0023 UMTS Handsets
  • TS0038 Short Range Radio
  • TS0039 Cordless Telephone (analogue) Handsets
  • TS0040 Cordless Telephone (analogue) Base
  • TS0041 Detection of Movement
  • TS0042 Road Transport Telematics
  • TS0043 Inductive Applications
  • TS0044 Non-Specific Short Range Devices
  • TS0045 Wireless Local Loop, Subscriber, Base
    Station and Ancillary Equipment
  • TS0046 Broadband Wireless Access, Subscriber,
    Base Station and Ancillary Equipment

Terminal Equipment Specifications
  • 14 specifications prepared
  • TS0024 Analogue PSTN
  • TS0025 Analogue Leased Line Services
  • TS0026 ADSL and ADSL2 Services
  • TS0027 2.048 Mb/s Digital Leased Line Services
  • TS0028 34 Mb/s Digital Leased Line Services
  • TS0029 Co-Directional G.703 Digital Leased Line
  • TS0030 X.25 Packet Switched Networks
  • TS0031 High Speed Serial Interfaces (HSSI -
    Frame Relay for example)
  • TS0032 64 Kbit/s Services
  • TS0033 X.21 Services
  • TS0034 HDSL Services
  • TS0035 Basic Rate ISDN Services at S/T
  • TS0036 Basic Rate ISDN Service at the U
  • TS0037 Primary Rate ISDN Service

In Conclusion
  • The proposed regime is in line with current
    international practices.
  • The specifications developed cover both RTTE
    which are currently supplied in Botswana and
    those which can be reasonably foreseen for the
    near future
  • The specifications will ensure
  • the safe operation of RTTE,
  • Electromagnetic compatibility, and
  • Compatibility with network interfaces and the
    efficient use of the radio spectrum.

  • Merlin House, Station Road,
  • Chepstow, Monmouthshire,
  • NP16 5PB,
  • United Kingdom
  • Tel 44 (0) 1291 638400
  • Fax 44 (0) 1291 638401
  • Email info_at_icc-uk.com
  • Web www.icc-uk.com
  • Business Online (Pty) Ltd,
  • PO Box 80303,
  • Gaborone,
  • Botswana
  • Tel 267 3973900
  • Email ephraim_at_botsnet.bw
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