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Geographic Information Science and Technology GIS


Geographic Information Science and Technology (GIS & T): What it is and what you ... so in a fashion that articulates with the long history of model curriculum ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Geographic Information Science and Technology GIS

Geographic Information Science and Technology
(GIS T) What it is and what you should know
Michael N. DeMers
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Task Force Members
  • Linda Bishoff GE Smallworld representative
  • Aileen Buckley Univ. of Oregon
  • Michael DeMers New Mexico State University
  • Farrell Jones Intergraph representative
  • Karen Kemp Univ. of Redlands
  • Mandayam Srinivas Cal State Poly at Pomona (CS)
  • Duane Marble The Ohio State University
  • Carolyn Merry The Ohio State University
  • Donna Peuquet The Pennsylvania State Univ.
  • Jay Sandhu ESRI representative
  • Elizabeth Wentz Arizona State University
  • Richard Wright San Diego State University

Why we did this
The Problems
  • Shortage of GI Science and Technology personnel
  • Mismatch between educational programs and
    required personnel
  • Little organized effort to change this situation
  • Existing graduates lack depth in many GI Science
    Technology areas and supporting disciplines
    (e.g. CS, Math)

Impacts and Implications
  • Hinders the identification of critical
    spatiotemporal components of governmental and
    business problems.
  • Limits the ability of users to effectively deploy
    the full capabilities of todays GIScience
  • Inhibits technological innovation within the
    industry supplying users with GI Science and
  • Impedes GIScience research that provides the
    ideas driving these innovations.

GI Technology Undergoing Change
  • Move to object-orientation.
  • Replacement of old scripting languages
  • (e.g., Avenue) with Visual Basic, etc.
  • Development of larger, more complex databases.
  • Increased focus on spatial analysis tools.
  • All of these suggest a need for more CS, Math,
    and stronger background in spatial modeling,
    spatial statistics and operations research that
    is, GI Science.

Solution An Integrated Curriculum
  • Curriculum a course of study
  • Implies
  • Long term goals
  • Short term behavioral objectives
  • Resources for delivery
  • Methods of delivery
  • Timing and sequencing

Different Goals - Linked Outcomes
  • Each student has a different personal GI ST goal
  • All tend to fall into some subset of these
    general categories
  • Gain a general knowledge of GI Science
  • Apply GI Science Technology within a specific
  • Develop ways to apply GI Science Technology to
    new areas
  • Develop GI Science and GI Technology
  • For each general outcome we must determine the
    necessary educational background
  • Then determine how that background may best be
  • Including the use of non-traditional educational

The Multi-Path GI Curriculum
The Task Forces Approach
  • Define the different paths that exist within the
    overall curriculum.
  • Prepare a detailed outcomes statement for each
    defined path that includes explicit statements
    regarding levels of knowledge.
  • For each path, define the set of learning modules
    required to attain the desired outcome at the
    requisite levels of knowledge.
  • Identify common learning modules across the
    various paths within the curriculum.

The Task Forces Approach (continued)
  • Produce an efficient, flexible curriculum that is
    capable of being adapted to a variety of
    institutional circumstances and methods of
  • Do so in a fashion that articulates with the long
    history of model curriculum development in
    computer science and information technology -
  • Obtain and integrate extensive public comment at
    each major stage of the development of the Model

The GI ST KnowledgeFocus Areas
  • 1. Conceptualization (spatial-temporal)
  • 2. Formalizing (spatial-temporal)
  • Data models and structures
  • 4. Design aspects of GI ST
  • Data acquisition, sources, and standards
  • Data Manipulation not involving inferential or
    analytical operations
  • Exploratory data analysis
  • Confirmatory spatial and space-time analysis
  • Computational geography (geocomputation)
  • Visualizations and presentations
  • Organizational and institutional aspects
  • Professional, social, and legal aspects of GI ST

Cross-cutting themes
  • Error / Uncertainty
  • Metadata
  • Interoperability
  • Language
  • Generalization
  • QC / verification
  • QA / validation

Curriculum Content
  • Instructions on the use of the document
  • General desired outcome paths
  • Knowledge areas (core topics and those specific
    to each path)
  • Competency levels for each knowledge area
  • Course outlines and laboratory activities
  • Implementation, assessment, and maintenance plan

Key words for learning objectives
  • To be at the mastery level, students should be
    able to demonstrate the goal of the module using
    terms like
  • Distinguish between
  • Create
  • Use
  • Implement
  • Discuss
  • Explain
  • Demonstrate
  • Identify
  • Describe
  • Compare and contrast
  • Determine

Where Are We Now?
  • The strawman document is DONE!

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Were not magicians
We dont want to create a curriculum monster
We need your help!
Please visit the UCGIS website and participate!
What does this mean to you?
  • NMSU is a very good place to learn GI ST

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The GIS Faculty and Support Staff
  • Dr. Michael N. DeMers (Director of the NSF
    Laboratory for Environmental Spatial Analysis
    LESA), Geography Dept. Head
  • Specialties GIS, Remote Sensing, Landscape
    Ecology, Zoocartography
  • Dr. Christopher Brown (Asst. Professor of
  • Specialties GIS, GIScience, Water Policy, US
    Mexico Border
  • Dr. Robert Czerniak (Professor), (Director of the
    Geography Departments Projects Laboratory)
  • Specialties Transportation Geography, Planning,
    GIS, Land Records
  • Ms Janet Greenlee (MAG), GIS Technician of LESA
  • Specialties Remote Sensing, GIS, Modeling
  • Mr. Matt Rich (MAG), Projects coordinator for
    Geography Departments Projects Laboratory
  • Specialties Land Records, GIS

Highlights and Accomplishments
  • 1.6 million in active grants and contracts
  • NSF, NASA, State Agencies, Soil and Water
    Conservation Society
  • 18 active MAG students
  • 2 complete state-of-the-art GIS laboratories
  • Virtually 100 employment of our graduates
  • Graduate and undergraduate GIS minors
  • High contact with faculty
  • Accessibility to GIS hardware and software
  • 7 GIS related courses in Geography
  • 2 GIS courses in other departments (Geological
    sciences Fisheries and Wildlife Science
  • 2 GIT courses offered by Dona Ana Branch
  • Several related courses in GPS, LIS, etc. through
    Survey Engineering
  • Dept. Head is the author of 4 books on GIS

Please e-mail Dr. Michael N. DeMers Head, Dept.
of Geography, NMSU
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