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LABOUR MOBILITY IN THE CARICOM SINGLE MARKET

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Specialist, Movement of Skills / Labour, CSME Unit ... Saint Lucia 147. St. Vincent & The Grenadines 73. Trinidad and Tobago 1368. Suriname 28 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: LABOUR MOBILITY IN THE CARICOM SINGLE MARKET


1
LABOUR MOBILITY IN THE CARICOM SINGLE MARKET
ECONOMY (CSME)
  • Steven Mac Andrew
  • Specialist, Movement of Skills / Labour, CSME Unit

2
  • Three pronged approach to development adopted in
    July 2007
  • Deepening and strengthening integration process
    (CSME)
  • Widening of the Community (new Members)
  • Full and effective participating in global
    economic and trading arrangements (external
    process / negotiations)
  • Twelve Member States are participating in the CSME

3
  • What is the CARICOM Single Market and Economy (
    CSME) ?
  • CSME integral part of the Community
  • CSME single, seamless economic space
  • CSME rules based entity
  • CSME consists of two main components
  • Single Market
  • Single Economy

4
  • Key principles in the CSME
  • Equal rights and treatment for all persons of
    Member States in the Market
  • National treatment (Art 7)
  • Most Favoured Nation Treatment (Art 8)
  • Exceptions
  • Differential treatment
  • Less Developed Countries (LDCs)
  • Disadvantaged countries, regions, sectors

5
  • KEY ELEMENTS SINGLE MARKET
  • Movement of Capital
  • Movement of Skills / Labour
  • Movement of Services
  • Right of Establishment
  • Movement of Goods

6
  • Key elements SINGLE ECONOMY
  • Production Integration
  • Harmonisation of Fiscal Policies
  • Harmonisation of Investment Policies
  • Monetary Integration
  • Capital Market Integration and Development

7
  • MOBILITY TREATY OBLIGATION
  • - Enshrined in the Revised Treaty in Articles
    32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 45, 46
  • - Member States obliged to facilitate movement
  • - Movement can occur under Free Movement of
    Skills, Provision of Services and Right of
    Establishment

8
  • FREE MOVEMENT OF SKILLS
  • university graduates
  • artistes
  • musicians
  • media workers
  • Sportspersons
  • Teachers
  • Nurses
  • Self-employed, including key staff

9
  • FREE MOVEMENT OF SKILLS
  • In February 2007 Heads of Government agreed to
    the full free movement by 31 December 2009
  • Phased approach has been adopted
  • By 31 December 2007 Artisans and holders of
    associate degrees, including equivalent
    qualifications must be able to move

10
  • MOVEMENT OF SERVICES
  • From the territory of one Member State into the
    territory of another Member State. Also called
    cross border supply.
  • In the territory of one Member State to the
    service consumer of another Member State. This
    mode is therefore also called consumption
    abroad.
  • By a service supplier of one Member State through
    commercial presence in the territory of another
    Member State.
  • By a service supplier of one Member State through
    the presence of natural persons of a Member State
    in the territory of another Member State. This
    mode is also called temporary movement.

11
  • RIGHT OF ESTABLISHMENT
  • Engage in any non-wage-earning activities of a
    commercial, industrial, agricultural,
    professional or artisanal nature and
  • Create and manage economic enterprises

12
  • Experience with Free Movement so far
  • Barbados 1253
  • Belize 36
  • Dominica 52
  • Grenada 93
  • Guyana 1355
  • Jamaica 900
  • Saint Lucia 147
  • St. Vincent The Grenadines 73
  • Trinidad and Tobago 1368
  • Suriname 28

13
  • Related issues
  • Spouses and dependants
  • Freedom of movement extended to spouse and
    dependants
  • Contingent Rights
  • Protocol on Contingent Rights must be negotiated
  • Social Security
  • CARICOM Agreement on Social Security in effect
    since 1 April 1997
  • Security
  • Security arrangements have been beefed up in the
    past months

14
  • Related issues (continued)
  • Human Resource Development
  • Introduction of Caribbean Vocational
    Qualification (CVQ)
  • Social Floor
  • Minimum set of rights to be respected in the
    CSME

15
  • DISCRETIONARY MIGRATION POLICIES
  • No obligation to facilitate. Member States have
    full discretion.
  • Most important form of movement at this point in
    time
  • Will definitely remain so in 2007. In the course
    of 2008 situation might start to change

16
  • MONITORING CRITICAL
  • Actual figures to inform policy decisions
  • Security implications
  • Free Movement Database
  • Immigration Network

17
  • CONCLUDING REMARKS
  • Obligation as a result of CSME process
  • National treatment to be granted
  • Discretionary migration policies will remain
    dominant on short term
  • Need to consider further management of migration
    in the CSME

18
  • THANK YOU
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