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27 Clean Technologies by Linde L sungen f r saubere Kohle

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27 Clean Technologies by Linde L sungen f r saubere Kohle mit Carbon Capture Technologien Bremen 19.02. 2012 Dr. Bernd Holling ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 27 Clean Technologies by Linde L sungen f r saubere Kohle


1
Clean Technologies by LindeLösungen für saubere
Kohle mit Carbon Capture Technologien
27
  • Bremen 19.02. 2012
  • Dr. Bernd Holling

2
Content
1 Company profile
2 Mega trend clean energy
3 Technology portfolio
4 Innovative CO2 management
2
3
Company profileOrganisational structure
The Linde Group
Engineering Division
Gases Division
Other Activities
Americas
Asia/Pacific
EMEA (Europe, Middle East, Africa)
February 2013
3
1 Company profile
4
The Linde Group worldwideGlobal presence in more
than 100 countries
February 2013
4
1 Company profile
5
The Linde GroupFinancial highlights
  • EBITDA including share of income from associates
    and joint ventures.
  • Basis points.

April 2012
5
1 Company profile
6
Content
1 Company profile
2 Mega trend clean energy
3 Technology portfolio
4 Innovative CO2 management
6
7
Mega trend clean energy Energy demand growth
driven by developing countries
Energy demand,in quad. BTU
2010-3065
2010-300
Source U.S. Energy Information Administration
February 2013
7
2 Mega trend clean energy
8
Mega trend clean energyFossil fuels continue to
dominate in the medium term
d
Global energy consumption, in quad. BTU
Renewables
Nuclear
In 2030,fossil fuelswill stillcover gt80of
theglobalenergydemand.
Coal
Natural gas
Petroleum liquids
2030
2020
2010
2000
1990
Source U.S. Energy Information Administration
February 2013
8
2 Mega trend clean energy
9
Mega trend clean energyCCS and efficiency key
for CO2 emission reduction schemes
Required emission reductionin Gt CO2
60
55
50
CCS
Renewables
45
Nuclear
40
Efficient plants
35
Fuel switch
Efficiency
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
2010
2015
2020
2025
2030
2035
2040
2045
2050
Source International Energy Agency
February 2013
9
2 Mega trend clean energy
10
Content
1 Company profile
2 Mega trend clean energy
3 Technology portfolio
4 Innovative CO2 management
10
11
Linde offers technology and engineering
solutionsfor all three CCS pathways
Linde Portfolio
1
Feedstock
CO2
2
Feedstock
Boiler
DeNOx
DeSOx
CO2 capture compression
3
CO2
February 2013
11
6 Innovative CO2 management
12
Lindes engagement in pre-combustion CCSoxygen
plants, syngas processing, CO2 processing
1
  • World coal reserves important source of energy in
    several geographies, e.g. China (gt70 of energy
    sourced from coal) and India (gt55)
  • Linde a leader in Mega-ASUs, e.g. for
    applications involving coal gasification
  • Linde a leader in Rectisol methanol wash
    technology for selective H2S/COS and CO2 removal
  • Linde engagement in coal gasification project in
    UK,co-applicant for DECC funding in 2013

2,000 tpd Linde ASU for O2 supply for Shell coal
gasification plant in Dongting, China
Linde has supplied large scale air separation
plant and Rectisol methanol wash technology for
CO2 separation for a number of coal gasification
plantsin China
February 2012
12
6 Innovative CO2 management
13
Lindes engagement in Oxyfuel CCSoxygen plants,
CO2 processing and refining
2
  • Linde offers oxygen plants in all capacities
    needed for oxyfuel solutions
  • Linde engaged in oxyfuel project in UK ,
    co-applicant for DECC funding in 2013
  • Linde supplied oxygen plant and CO2 plant for
    Vattenfalls oxyfuel pilot plant in Schwarze
    Pumpe/Germany
  • 30 MWth, max. 10 t/h CO2
  • CO2 liquefaction
  • CO2 product purity gt99.7
  • road transport by truck _at_ 15 bar
  • Linde has developed and tested a new technology
    for NOx and simultaneous SOx removal at oxyfuel
    plants

Linde technology at Vattenfalls Schwarze Pumpe
oxyfuel pilot plant
  • A DeNOx pilot scrubber was integrated in theCO2
    unit at Vattenfalls oxyfuel pilot plant
  • DeNOx pilot plant operation in July 2010
  • Technology can now be commercially applied

February 2012
13
6 Innovative CO2 management
14
Linde engagement in post-combustion CCS Linde
partnership with RWE and BASF for new solutions
3
  • Project essentials
  • Location Niederaussem near Cologne, Germany
  • Capacity 1.500 Nm3/h flue gas from lignite (7.2
    t/d CO2)
  • CO2 purity 94 vol (wet)
  • Operation 2009-2013
  • Partners
  • BASF process solvent
  • RWE operator
  • Linde PM, basic and detailed engineering,
    equipment supply, erection, start-up

A strong alliance for CCS
  • Signed in 2007 to develop an advanced
    PCC-technology
  • joint design, construction, testing and
    commercialisation of a pilot plant

PCC
February 2012
14
6 Innovative CO2 management
15
Post combustion pilot plant in the USANational
Carbon Capture Center, Wilsonville, AL, USA
3
  • Project essentials
  • Location 880 MWel power plant in
    Wilsonville, AL
  • Capacity up to 6,250 Nm3/h flue gas from
    coal fired power plant (30 t/d CO2)
  • CO2 purity 99 vol (dry basis)
  • Project duration 4 years
  • Partners Linde , BASF, US DOE, EPRI,
    Southern Company (host site)
  • Scaled-up slipstream pilot PCC technology
    demonstration
  • Selected by DoE for funding (15 million)
  • Contract sign-off in 2011
  • Pilot plant incorporates BASFs novel amine
    based solvent technology and BASF Linde process
    enhancements

February 2012
6 Innovative CO2 management
16
Upscaling development for capture plants to
commercial solutions
Commercial Plantapprox. 500 Mio EUR750 t
CO2/h 1100 MWel
Pilot Plant approx. 6 10 Mio EUR0,3 t
CO2/h 0,45 MWel
Demonstration Plant approx. 60 190 Mio EUR35
- 130 t CO2/h 50 MW 250 MWel
17
Content
1 Company profile
2 Mega trend clean energy
3 Technology portfolio
4 Innovative CO2 management
17
18
Carbon Dioxide RecyclingCarbon Capture and
UtilisationBenefiting from by-product CO2
  • Description
  • Carbon Dioxide is a by-product in many industrial
    processes and normally vented to the atmosphere
  • Other industries need CO2 for their processes, so
    captured by-product CO2 can be reutilized
  • Scope
  • By-product CO2 is captured, cleaned, dried or
    liquefied
  • It can be distributed via cylinders, bulk
    supplyor a pipeline
  • Reference project
  • CO2 is used in a large number of applications
    carbonating drinks or water, cleaning clothes,
    supporting plant growth, cooling and
    protectingfood, blasting etc.
  • About 90 of the CO2 bulk market is made from
    by-product CO2

February 2012
18
6 Innovative CO2 management
19
Carbon Dioxide for Transport coolingreplacing
diesel driven refrigeration
  • Description
  • Replacing diesel-powered refrigeration unit to
    keep the goods at desired temperature
  • Scope
  • Environmental friendly alternative is to use
    liquid/frozen CO2 for refrigeration
  • Zero CO2 emission since only recycled CO2 from
    industrial processes is used
  • Reference projects
  • Eleven automated LIC filling station systems
    installed in Norway, Sweden and Finland.
  • Snowcool CO2 refrigerated container for
    transport of chilled and frozen products.

February 2012
19
6 Innovative CO2 management
20
Carbon Dioxide networksWaste CO2 lets plants
grow quicker
  • Description
  • CO2 is emitted by a vast number of processes that
    canbe captured, re-distributed and made use of
    in other applications
  • Essential part of many industrial processes and
    various application areas
  • Scope
  • Supplying the captured carbon dioxide via
    pipelineto a network of customers
  • Used to increase growth from plants or sport
    courts
  • Storage, distribution, cleaning, liquefaction
    etc.
  • Reference project
  • OCAP (Organic CO2 for the Assimilation in Plants)
    provides CO2 for some 550 greenhouses between
    Rotterdamand Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • CO2 is captured at a refinery in
    Rotterdamaround 300 km of pipeline

OCAP CO2 pipeline in the Netherlands, Rotterdam
area
February 2012
20
5 Innovative CO2 management
21
Carbon Dioxide for water remineralisationStabili
sing water chemistry after desalination
  • Description
  • Utilising industrial by-product CO2 to adjust
    water pH
  • CO2 CA(OH)2/CaCO3 produce a stable pH and
    background alkalinity necessary for potable water
    standards to be met.
  • Scope
  • Liquid CO2 can be used with all major types of
    desalination or demineralisation technology
  • CO2 that otherwise would have been emitted into
    the atmosphere is permanently sequestered into
    metal carbonates
  • Reference project
  • Sydney Desalination Drinking Water Plant,
    provides up to 15 of Sydneys water requirements
  • At design, captures approximately 6,000
    tonnesCO2 per year

February 2012
21
6 Innovative CO2 management
22
Carbon Dioxide helps Algae to biofuel CO2
management for Sapphire Energy
  • Sapphire uses proprietary open-pond,
    algae-to-fuel cultivation systems.
  • Method utilizes algae, CO2, salt water and
    sunlight to directly produce green crude
  • Green crude can be directly processed in existing
    refineries for upgrading to drop-in fuels
  • Optimum management and cost-efficient supply of
    CO2 is a key success factor.
  • CO2 from anthropogenic (man-made) sources only
  • Fuels from algae are a promising way of reducing
    green-house gas emissions.

February 2012
22
6 Innovative CO2 management
23
Thank you for your attention.
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