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GHSGT

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GHSGT United States History Review Social Studies Blog D. Liscio Unit #1 Colonization & Revolution Religious freedom & economic opportunity as reasons for ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: GHSGT


1
GHSGT
  • United States History
  • Review
  • Social Studies Blog D. Liscio

2
Unit 1 Colonization Revolution
  • Religious freedom economic opportunity as
    reasons for British North American colonization
  • Jamestown (founded,1607)
  • Separatists or Pilgrims (founded Plymouth,
    1620)
  • Puritans (founded Massachusetts,1630)

3
Unit 1 Colonization Revolution
  • Identify the three regions of Colonial America
  • New England Colonies
  • (manufacturing commerce)
  • Middle Colonies
  • (agriculture manufacturing)
  • Southern Colonies
  • (agriculture slave trade)

4
Unit 1 Colonization Revolution
  • Explain mercantilisms role as an underlying
    cause of the Revolution
  • Home Rule (Parliamentary laws control trade)
  • Colonies (provide raw materials)
  • Britain (manufactures raw materials into finished
    goods)

5
Unit 1 Colonization Revolution
  • Analyze Benjamin Franklins political cartoon
    Join, or Die
  • Drafted by Franklin to unite the colonies (1754)
  • British colonies failed to sign-on to union
  • Colonial autonomy prevailed

6
Unit 1 Colonization Revolution
  • Analyze the theme of Thomas Paines Common Sense
    (1776)
  • Denounced King George III
  • Motivated British colonies to remain in rebellion
  • Outlined key ideals about a separate American
    republic

7
Unit 1 Colonization Revolution
  • Analyze the concepts in Declaration of
    Independence (1776) written by Thomas Jefferson
  • Preamble (List reasons for writing the document)
  • Protection of Natural Rights
  • - People set-up government
  • - Basic inalienable rights protected
  • - Abolish government which abuses rights
  • Lists the grievances against King George III

8
Unit 1 Colonization Revolution
  • Describe the significance of the Battle of
    Saratoga and its contribution to the outcome of
    the American Revolution
  • France becomes an ally of the Americans and
    helped defeat Britain

9
Unit 1 Vocabulary Terms
  • legislature
  • House of Burgesses
  • indentured servant
  • Puritan
  • gentry
  • salutary neglect
  • Mercantilism
  • staple crop
  • cash crop
  • Albany Plan of Union (1754)

10
Unit 2 Constitutionalism National Development
  • Explain the role of the compromises in the
    development of the Constitution
  • Great Compromise
  • - Brokered by Roger Sherman and combined both
    Virginia and New Jersey plans to create
    current federal government structure
  • Three Fifths Compromise
  • - Brokered between Northern and Southern states
  • - Slaves would count three-fifths of a person

11
Unit 2 Constitutionalism National Development
  • Identify the purpose of the Bill of Rights (1791)
  • Protection of individual (Amendments 19)
  • Protection of states rights (Amendment 10)
  • Anti-federalists pushed for these amendments and
    Federalists agreed to get Constitution ratified

12
Unit 2 Constitutionalism National Development
  • Identify the role of Marbury v. Madison (1803)
  • Chief Justice John Marshall
  • Case supported the theme of judicial review
  • Increased power of the Supreme Court

13
Unit 2 Constitutionalism National Development
  • Analyze Washingtons Farewell Address in the
    development of isolationism
  • Address called for the United States to remain
    neutral in foreign policy

14
Unit 2 Constitutionalism National Development
  • Identify the role of Thomas Jefferson and
    Alexander Hamilton in the development of the
    two-party system
  • Jefferson Democratic Republicans (Favored
    states rights supported common men in
    government process pro-French and envisioned an
    agricultural nation
  • Hamilton Federalists (Favored stronger central
    government educated men in government process
    pro-British and envisioned a manufacturing
    nation.

15
Unit 2 Constitutionalism National Development
  • Identify the Missouri Compromise of 1820 on the
    expansion of slavery
  • Missouri a slave state
  • Maine a free state
  • Allowed slavery south of a line 36 degrees, 30
    minutes (except for Missouri)

16
Unit 2 Constitutionalism National Development
  • Identify the effect of the Monroe Doctrine of
    1823 on European influence in the Western
    Hemisphere
  • Written by John Quincy Adams for Monroes
    state-of-the-union speech
  • Stated that the United States would help defend
    and involve itself in the direction of American
    nations against European rule

17
Unit 2 Vocabulary Terms
  • Articles of Confederation (17811789)
  • Great Compromise
  • Three-Fifths Compromise
  • separation of powers
  • ratification
  • isolationism
  • precedent
  • Federalist
  • Jeffersonian Republican
  • Adams-Onis Treaty of 1821

18
Unit 3 Jacksonian Era, Reform Movements
Westward Expansion
  • Analyze the legacy of Andrew Jackson
  • Believed in the Common Man
  • Used spoils system to reward supporters
  • Created the Democratic Party
  • Used federal government to remove Native
    Americans west of Mississippi River
  • Won the Nullification Crisis with South
    Carolina
  • Defeated the Second National Bank of the United
    States and set up Pet Banks

19
Unit 3 Jacksonian Era, Reform Movements
Westward Expansion
  • Analyze territorial expansion focusing on
    territories acquired and method of
    acquisition
  • Louisiana (1803) Treaty with France
  • Florida (1821) Treaty with Spain
  • Texas (1845) Annexed
  • Oregon (1846) Treaty with Britain
  • Mexican Cession (1848) Treaty with Mexico
  • Gadsden (1853) Treaty with Mexico

20
Unit 3 Jacksonian Era, Reform Movements
Westward Expansion
  • Reform Movements of the Mid-19th Century
  • Abolition
  • Womens Rights
  • Temperance
  • Prison Reform
  • Public Education
  • Utopian Communities
  • Transcendentalism

21
Unit 3 Jacksonian Era, Reform Movements
Westward Expansion
  • Analyze territorial expansion focusing on
    expansion of transportation
  • Rivers (Mississippi, Ohio, Missouri river
    systems)
  • Canals (Erie Canal)
  • Railroads (Baltimore Ohio Railroad)
  • Wagon Trains (Mormon, Oregon, Santa Fe trails
    west from the Mississippi River)
  • Turnpikes (National Cumberland Road)

22
Unit 3 Vocabulary Terms
  • spoils system
  • Manifest Destiny
  • annexation
  • westward trails
  • abolitionist
  • emancipation
  • temperance
  • suffrage
  • Underground Railroad

23
Unit 4 Division Reconstruction
  • Analyze Scott v. Sanford (1857) and its effect on
    the division between the North and South
  • Declared that slaves could not sue for their
    freedom because they were property
  • Declared the Missouri Compromise of 1820 was
    illegal

24
Unit 4 Division Reconstruction
  • Identify the effect of the Presidential Election
    of 1860 on the secession of southern states
  • Lincolns election proved that the nation did not
    have a national party
  • Southern slave states seceded and formed the
    Confederacy

25
Unit 4 Division Reconstruction
  • Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the Union
    and the Confederacy during the Civil War
    (18611865)
  • Union Strengths
  • - More population, factories, immigrants, raw
    materials, naval power, funding for the war
  • Union Weaknesses
  • - Would have to fight an offensive war northern
    states divided (e.g. Copperheads)

26
Unit 4 Division Reconstruction
  • Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the Union
    and the Confederacy during the Civil War
    (18611865)
  • Confederate Strengths
  • - Fighting a defensive war better military
    leadership
  • Confederate Weaknesses
  • - Small population, almost no factories, no
    immigrants, limited raw materials, non-existent
    navy, have to set up new national government

27
Unit 4 Division Reconstruction
  • Analyze Lincolns motivations for issuing the
    Emancipation Proclamation (1863)
  • Battle of Antietam and previous battles with
    heavy losses motivated Lincoln to re-examine the
    purpose of the war

28
Unit 4 Division Reconstruction
  • Analyze the successes and failures of the
    Freedmens Bureau
  • Successes
  • - Helped former slaves negotiate contracts with
    landowners reunite families separated from the
    war and provide food, shelter, and clothing to
    the poor
  • Failure
  • - Struggled to help bring about complete
    equality for Blacks discontinued in 1872

29
Unit 4 Vocabulary Terms
  • Compromise of 1850
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854
  • popular sovereignty
  • Dred Scott Decision
  • states rights
  • secession
  • Confederacy
  • border states
  • Reconstruction
  • Thirteenth Amendment
  • Fourteenth Amendment
  • Fifteenth Amendment
  • black codes

30
Unit 5 Industrialization National Development
  • Analyze the effects of industrialization on
    population shifts, monopolistic practices, and
    unionization
  • Increased immigration led to urbanization and
    industrialization
  • Major corporations (e.g. Carnegie Steel and
    Standard Oil) formed monopolies
  • Unions formed as a result of poor working
    conditions and pay

31
Unit 5 Industrialization National Development
  • Identify changes in transportation during
    westward expansion
  • Transcontinental Railroad (completed May 10,
    1869)
  • Use of clipper ships for speed and size sailed
    from east coast to west coast around South America

32
Unit 5 Industrialization National Development
  • Identify Jim Crow Laws and the purpose they
    served
  • Laws passed by Southern states following the
    Civil War
  • Used by the states to keep Blacks from economic,
    political, and social equality

33
Unit 5 Industrialization National Development
  • Analyze the role of Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) in
    legalizing segregation
  • The case made it legal for states in the South to
    segregate Blacks and Whites
  • separate, but equal

34
Unit 5 Vocabulary Terms
  • Industrial Revolution
  • urbanization
  • political machines
  • Robber Barons
  • monopolies
  • Social Darwinism
  • Gilded Age
  • Transcontinental Railroads
  • Homestead Act of 1862
  • laissez-faire
  • Pendleton Civil Service Act of 1883

35
Unit 6 Industrialization National Development
  • Identify the reasons for the construction of the
    Panama Canal (19021914)
  • Construction allowed ships to transport from
    Atlantic to Pacific without having to encircle
    South America (this was a problem during the
    Spanish American War)
  • Construction would continue United States
    diplomacy and imperialism in Latin America

36
Unit 6 Industrialization National Development
  • Analyze the role of Dollar Diplomacy in United
    States-Latin American relations
  • Initiated by President William Howard Taft
  • The United States funded projects and helped
    industrialize nations in Latin America

37
Unit 6 Industrialization National Development
  • Analyze the role of the Muckrakers in the
    development of the Progressive Movement
  • The Progressive Movement (19001920)
  • Phrase was coined by President Teddy Roosevelt
  • The Muckrakers were journalists who helped
    expose the corruption in both government and
    business

38
Unit 6 Industrialization National Development
  • Identify the following Progressive Amendments to
    the Constitution
  • - 16th Amendment (income tax)
  • - 17th Amendment (direct election of Senators)
  • - 18th Amendment (initiated prohibition)
  • - 19th Amendment (suffrage for women)

39
Unit 6 Industrialization National Development
  • Identify the causes of United States involvement
    in World War I
  • WWI broke out in Europe in 1914 and was divided
    between the Central Powers and Allied Powers
  • Central Powers Germany, Austria-Hungary,
    Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire
  • Allied Powers Britain, France, Russia
    (withdrew,1917), the United States (entry, 1917),
    and some 15 other nations

40
Unit 6 Industrialization National Development
  • Identify the causes of United States involvement
    in World War I
  • President Woodrow Wilson declared neutrality in
    an effort to prevent United States involvement
  • Causes include
  • - Unrestricted German U-Boat sinking (e.g.
    Lusitania)
  • - Zimmermann Telegram to Mexico
  • - United States culturally tied to Britain

41
Unit 6 Industrialization National Development
  • Analyze the Treaty of Versailles of 1919, and
    the refusal of the United States Senate to ratify
    the treaty
  • The treaty officially ended the war, created
    seven new nations, forced Germany to pay
    reparations, and re-set existing national
    boundaries in Europe
  • When the war ended, Wilson traveled to Europe
    with his Fourteen Points outlining several
    ideas including the formation of a League of
    Nations

42
Unit 6 Industrialization National Development
  • Analyze the Treaty of Versailles of 1919, and
    the refusal of the United States Senate to ratify
    the treaty
  • Opponents of the treaty argued against the United
    States involvement in a League of Nations
  • Wilson refused to back down and went on a
    national campaign to support the treaty and the
    League of Nations

43
Unit 6 Vocabulary Terms
  • Imperialism
  • Roosevelt Corollary
  • sphere of influence
  • Open Door Policy
  • initiative
  • recall
  • referendum
  • neutrality
  • unrestricted submarine warfare
  • League of Nations
  • self-determination
  • reparations

44
Unit 7 Boom Times Hard Times
  • Analyze isolationism in United States foreign
    policy
  • Under the leadership of presidents Warren G.
    Harding, Calvin Coolidge, and Herbert Hoover, the
    United States remained neutral in the 1920s and
    1930s
  • Despite the rise of dictators, the United States
    remained neutral until 1941

45
Unit 7 Boom Times Hard Times
  • Analyze the effect of increased immigration on
    anti-foreign sentiment
  • Once the First World War ended, many European
    immigrants flooded immigration centers of the
    United States
  • The many immigrants (including fear of Communism)
    provoked the rise of the Ku Klux Klan and other
    anti-immigrant groups throughout the 1920s and
    1930s

46
Unit 7 Boom Times Hard Times
  • Analyze the lifestyles of the Roaring Twenties
  • Henry Fords automobiles, the consumer
    revolution, urbanization, pro-business policies
    of low taxes and limited regulation, jazz, silent
    pictures, flappers, and prohibition of alcohol
    all affected the lifestyle of Americans.

47
Unit 7 Boom Times Hard Times
  • Analyze the causes and effects of the Great
    Depression (19291941) on the United States
  • Causes of the Depression include
  • - Slowdown in agriculture
  • - uneven wealth distribution
  • - easy credit
  • -buying on margin

48
Unit 7 Boom Times Hard Times
  • Analyze the causes and effects of the Great
    Depression (19291941) on the United States
  • The stock market crash stimulated other problems
  • - bank collapses
  • - business closures
  • - rise in unemployment (nearly 25 of working
    population)
  • - high tariffs
  • - longest depression in United States History.

49
Unit 7 Boom Times Hard Times
  • Analyze Franklin D. Roosevelts New Deal
    programs and their effects on the economy of the
    United States
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) increased the role of
    the federal governments management of the
    economy by providing
  • - relief
  • - recovery
  • - reform.

50
Unit 7 Boom Times Hard Times
  • Analyze Franklin D. Roosevelts New Deal
    programs and their effects on the economy of the
    United States
  • Programs included Civilian Conservation Corps
    (CCC), Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), Public
    Works Administration (PWA), Social Security.

51
Unit 7 Vocabulary Terms
  • Red Scare
  • Communism
  • quota
  • Scopes Monkey Trial
  • speculation
  • overproduction
  • buying on margin
  • Hoovervilles
  • Dust Bowl
  • Bonus Army

52
Unit 8 World War II the Cold War
  • Analyze the territorial expansion of the Axis
    Powers
  • The Axis Powers consisted of Nazi Germany,
    Fascist Italy, and Militant Japan.
  • Germany conquered former territories in Europe
    lost at the end of the WWI.
  • Italy conquered Ethiopia.
  • Japan conquered Manchuria, Eastern China, and
    other Pacific islands.

53
Unit 8 World War II the Cold War
  • Trace the events that led to the United States
    entry into World War II
  • Germany invaded Poland (September 1, 1939)
    initiating the Second World War.
  • The United States remained neutral throughout the
    first two years of the war.
  • On December 7, 1941, the United States entered
    WWII following a surprise attack by Japan at
    Pearl Harbor.

54
Unit 8 World War II the Cold War
  • Explain the United States contribution to the
    Allied Victory
  • The United States joined the Allied Powers and
    contributed 16 million soldiers, sailors and
    airmen.
  • In addition, the United States industrial output
    was maximized bring the nation out of the
    Depression.
  • The Big Three consisted of the United States,
    the Soviet Union, and Britain.

55
Unit 8 World War II the Cold War
  • Explain the United States contribution to the
    Allied Victory
  • The United States won the Battle of Midway in the
    Pacific and contributed to the invasion of Europe
    at Normandy (D-Day).
  • The United States liberated Western Europe of
    Nazism and freed Jews in concentration camps.
  • The war in the Pacific ended with two atomic
    bombs used on Hiroshima and Nagasaki (August,
    1945).

56
Unit 8 World War II the Cold War
  • Analyze the foundations and purposes of the
    United Nations
  • The United Nations (UN) was an organization of
    fifty member states (headquartered in New York
    City).
  • The foundation was to secure peace and
    cooperation between nations.

57
Unit 8 World War II the Cold War
  • Analyze the onset and outcome of the Korean War
  • When WWII ended, the former Allied Powers of the
    United States and Soviet Union each controlled a
    portion of the Korean Peninsula.
  • President Harry S. Truman ordered United States
    troops into Korea
  • China entered the war and created a stalemate.
  • North Korea remains Communist and South Korea
    remains a free market democracy.

58
Unit 8 Vocabulary Terms
  • Totalitarianism
  • Fascism
  • Nazism
  • appeasement
  • Pearl Harbor
  • Blitzkrieg
  • Atlantic Charter of 1941
  • Operation Overlord D-Day
  • Manhattan Project

59
Unit 8 Vocabulary Terms
  • Holocaust
  • Cold War
  • Superpowers
  • Iron Curtain
  • Truman Doctrine
  • Containment
  • Marshall Plan
  • Berlin Airlift
  • McCarthyism

60
Unit 9 Upheaval of the 1960s
  • Analyze United States involvement in the Vietnam
    Conflict
  • President John F. Kennedy sends first advisers to
    train South Vietnamese troops (1961)
  • Ngo Dinh Diem government overthrown (1963)
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964)
  • First combat troops arrived (1965)
  • Tet Offensive (1968)
  • Vietnamization (1969)
  • United States Pullout of South Vietnam (1975)

61
Unit 9 Upheaval of the 1960s
  • Analyze the Counterculture of the 1960s and
    1970s
  • Movement that upheld values different than
    mainstream culture
  • Counterculture was shaped by music, art, and the
    conflict in Vietnam

62
Unit 9 Upheaval of the 1960s
  • Analyze the key events of the Civil Rights
    Movement of the 1960s
  • Supreme Court ruled segregation illegal in Brown
    v. Board of Education (1954)
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955)
  • Little Rock Nine (1957)
  • March on Washington (1963)
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965
  • Fair Housing Act of 1968
  • Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. (1968)

63
Unit 8 Vocabulary Terms
  • Domino Theory
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
  • saturation bombing
  • conscientious objector
  • deferment
  • integration
  • civil disobedience
  • Sit-ins

64
Unit 8 Vocabulary Terms
  • boycotts
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott
  • Little Rock Nine
  • freedom rides
  • March on Washington
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

65
Unit 10 Continuity Change
  • Analyze the successes and failures of Nixons
    presidency
  • Successes include
  • - Realpolitik (national interest ahead of
    abstract ideals).
  • - Relations with China improved
  • - SALT (treaty with Soviet Union to ease the
    deployment of nuclear weapons)
  • - Détente (reducing tension with Soviet Union)

66
Unit 10 Continuity Change
  • Analyze the successes and failures of Nixons
    presidency
  • Failures include
  • - Stagflation (inflationary pressures and
    stagnated economy)
  • - Oil Crisis with OPEC
  • - Watergate Scandal
  • - Resignation

67
Unit 8 Vocabulary Terms
  • Détente
  • Realpolitik
  • Watergate
  • impeachment
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