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Careers in Engineering


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Title: Careers in Engineering

Careers in Engineering
Aeronautical/Aerospace Engineer
  • Use computers to design and model a new kind of
    jet engine or calculate the lift of a new wing
  • Develop new navigation or guidance systems for
    commercial or military aircraft, missiles, and
  • Design blades for advanced windmills used to
    harness the wind's power and generate
  • Investigate airplane crashes recover and examine
    debris, interpret 'black box' information, and
    determine cause.
  • Build and test materials, machines, or structures
    to be used on the International Space Station or
    lunar colony.

  • EducationA four-year college degree
  • Most have degrees in aeronautic or aerospace
  • some have advanced degrees physics, aerodynamics,
    or astronautics.

Work Environment
  • Government agencies, primarily NASA and the
    Department of Defense, employ about 14
  • Many more are working for government contractors
    in the space, aircraft manufacturing/repair, or
    guided missile industries.
  • Several aeronautical engineers teach or work in
    research labs.

Starting Salaries
  • 50,993 with a bachelor's degree
  • 62,930 with a master's degree
  • Job Growth - Slow
  • More Information
  • American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics

Agricultural Engineer
  • Design and build irrigation and drainage systems
    to provide water to crops and cut down on soil
  • Establish and supervise conservation or
    recreation management plans.
  • Devise new ways of harvesting crops like apples,
    tomatoes, corn, cut flowers, and fish.
  • Apply new technologies, like computers to farming
    operations like processing and distributing
    animal feed.
  • Develop specialized greenhouses used to grow
    exotic plants for florists.

  • A four-year college degree is required.
  • Some agricultural engineers have degrees in
    agricultural engineering, but others have degrees
    in chemical, civil, electrical, or mechanical

Work Environment
  • While some work in small communities in regions
    were farming is an important part of the economy,
  • Agricultural engineers can work in anywhere, from
    urban industrial parks to remote wilderness
    areas. Their hours and work-days vary depending
    on the type of job they are doing.

Starting Salaries
  • 46,172 with a bachelor's degree
  • 53,022 with a master's degree
  • Job Growth about average
  • More Information
  • American Society of Agricultural Engineers

Biomedical Engineer
  • Use computers to study and model human movement
    that could aid have applications in physical
    therapy for the disabled or building a better
    basketball sneaker.
  • Design new medical instruments to aid doctors in
    surgery or patient treatment.
  • Develop the manufacturing process for new
    medicines to fight AIDS or cancer.
  • Create bio-materials that will aid healing bones
    or enhance mobility for patients who've suffered
    traumatic injuries.
  • Build biotic hands, arms, or legs.

  • A four year college degree is required
  • Many biomedical engineers have degrees in
    chemical or electrical engineering, but also take
    many of "pre-med" classes.
  • Many get graduate degrees, and some continue on
    to medical school and get M.D's.

Work Environment
  • Many biomedical engineers work in research labs.

Starting Salaries
  • 48,503 with bachelor's degree
  • 59,667 with a master's degree
  • Job Growth - rapid
  • For more informationBiomedical Engineering Net

Chemical Engineer
  • Pilot test new methods of manufacturing products,
    like paper or photographic film, and oversee the
    implementation of those methods in full scale
  • Develop cost-effective processes for recovering
    raw materials from the ocean or outer space.
  • Generate and efficiently mass-produce new
  • Produce new, cleaner-burning fuels, from plants
    or other renewable resources.
  • Design pollution prevention technologies to
    protect water, air, or human health.

  • Chemical engineers need a four-year college
    degree. Most have degrees in chemical
    engineering, although some have specialized
    degrees in biochemical, petroleum, metallurgical,
    or sanitation engineering.

Work Environment
  • Most chemical engineers work in manufacturing
    industries, in research and development labs,
    productions plants, or management.
  • Some provide engineering services as consultants
    in research and testing, design, or policy.
  • The environment and hours that they work varies
    with the industry and kind of job.

Starting Salaries
  • 53,813 with bachelor's degree57,260 with a
    master's degree
  • Job Growth about average
  • For more informationHistory of Chemical
    Engineering Chemical Technology

Civil Engineer
  • Build skyscrapers, bridges, or tunnels.
  • Design structural supports for human colonies in
    space or on the moon.
  • Construct dams or flood control structures to
    create wetlands or recreation areas.
  • Plan and supervise the development of new road,
    railways, or airports.
  • Demolish old buildings by implosion plant and
    detonate explosives in such a way that the
    structure falls into itself.

  • A four-year college degree is required for most
    civil engineering jobs.
  • Many civil engineers specialize in structural,
    hydraulic, water resources, environmental,
    transportation, or management positions and will
    seek engineering degrees specific to those

Work Environment
  • Anywhere people build things, you can find civil
    engineers. Some work in offices, others on
    construction sites. Depending on the project,
    civil engineers can work regular business hours
    or longer.

Starting Salaries
  • 43,679 with a bachelor's degree
  • 48,050 with a master's degree
  • Job Growth about average
  • For more informationAmerican Society of Civil

Computer Engineer
  • Write and debug new software programs for system
    operation or applications.
  • Develop new special effects technology for
    animated or live action films.
  • Design and build the "intelligent" computer
    system for an exploration vehicle used on the
    moon or another planets.
  • Maintain and prevent problems for a major
    computer network, like the New York Stock
  • Use advanced computer systems and modeling tools
    to process data and generate information like
    weather forecasts.

  • Most computer engineers have bachelor's degrees.
    Those working with hardware or machines typically
    have degrees in computer or electrical
  • Those dealing with software have degrees in
    computer science or software engineering.

Work Environment
  • Computer engineers can work anywhere there are
    computers, and telecommuting is becoming quite
    common for many computer professionals.
  • They usually work 40-hour weeks, but can work
    longer hours on special jobs or projects with
    pressing deadlines.
  • Computer engineers often work with teams of other
    engineers or scientists.

Starting Salaries
  • 52,464 with a bachelor's degree
  • 60,354 with a master's degree
  • Job Growth about average

Electrical Engineer
  • Design and oversee large electric generator
    systems as connected with a dam or other power
  • Devise and build new electronics equipment, like
    cellular phones or hand-held personal organizers.
  • Develop a new computer processor.
  • Plan, troubleshoot, and upgrade electronics
    equipment used in everything from medical
    instruments to space vehicles.
  • Work with others to create fully automated
    manufacturing systems.

  • Electrical engineers need a bachelor's degree.
  • While some have degrees in advanced physics or
    electronics, most have electrical engineering

Work Environment
  • Electrical engineers usually work 40-hour weeks,
    but can work longer hours on projects with
    pressing deadlines or in emergency situations.
  • They often work on teams with other engineers and
    scientists and can find jobs in industry,
    government, universities, or in consulting.

Starting Salaries
  • 51,888 with a bachelor's degree
  • 64,416 with a master's degree
  • Job Growth about average
  • For more informationInstitute of Electrical and
    Electronics Engineers

Environmental Engineer
  • Develop and implement an environmental management
    plan for a company, a community, or special area
    like a national park.
  • Supervise and verify that a business or
    organization is taking the proper environmental
    protection measures.
  • Design and build a machines that are efficient
    and environmentally friendly.
  • Work with other engineers ensure that projects
    are developed with environmental requirements
  • Build structures for environmental purposes, like
    a dam to create a new wetland or a series of
    terraces to reduce soil erosion

  • A four-year college degree is required for most
    environmental engineering jobs.
  • Many have civil engineering degrees but other
    have environmental, agricultural, chemical, or
    mechanical engineering.

Work Environment
  • Since environmental engineers focus on the
    environment, there is usually a component of
    outdoor work to their jobs.
  • Many work in industry, but some work with
    government from local communities to federal
  • Their work hours are typically the standard
    40-hour week, but can vary with the project or
    type of employer they work for.

Starting Salaries
  • 47,384 with a bachelor's degree
  • Job Growth - rapid
  • For more informationAmerican Academy of
    Environmental Engineers

Industrial Engineer
  • Devise a new method for storing and distributing
    inventory or supplies for an Internet company.
  • Develop training manuals for employees in a
    service company.
  • Work on engineering teams designing structures
    for large crowds, like sports areas and amusement
  • Use computer modeling techniques to test and
    develop recommendations for improving
    transportation systems like airports or subways.
  • Design equipment or facilities that is
    ergonomically correct

  • Most industrial engineers have a four-year
    college degrees. While many have industrial
    engineering degrees, others have a background in
    mechanical, electrical, or computer engineering
    or production or operations research.

Work Environment
  • As you might guess, most industrial engineers
    work in industry for manufacturing or service
    companies. But since their skills are so
    versatile, industrial engineers can work in
    virtually any kind of industry or organization
    including government agencies and consulting
    firms. They typically work standard 40-hour work

Starting Salaries
  • 49,567 with a bachelor's degree
  • 56,561 with a master's degree
  • Job Growth about average
  • For more informationInstitute of Industrial

Materials Engineer
  • Create new strong, light-weight fabrics for
    protective gear in hostile environments, like
    forest fires or outer space.
  • Generate new superconductive material for
    application in advanced computer systems.
  • Design advanced biomaterials that can enhance
    healing the human body.
  • Use knowledge of materials to develop
    enviroment-friendly packaging techniques.
  • Develop new methods for producing or recycling

  • Materials engineers need a four-year college
    degree. In many cases, the better research
    positions require at least a master's or doctoral
    degree. Most have materials science and
    engineering degrees, but some have degrees in
    chemical or even biomedical engineering.

Work Environment
  • Most materials engineers work in research and
    development labs in industry or at universities.
    While the environment and hours that they work
    can vary substantially with their industry and
    job, most material engineers work regular hours.

Starting Salaries
  • 50,982 with a bachelor's degree
  • Job Growth about average

Mechanical Engineer
  • Develop nanobots - tiny, even microscopic,
  • Design and build manufacturing facilities.
  • Build and test prototype machines from artificial
    organs to Mars explorer vehicles.
  • Use computer models to design a product and test
    it before production.
  • Maintain and improve complex machines like
    submarines or power generators.

  • Mechanical engineers need a bachelor's degree.
    Most have mechanical engineering degrees.

Work Environment
  • Mechanical engineers work in all areas of
    manufacturing industries. They can work in
    production operations, maintenance, management,
    as well as research and development. Some provide
    engineering services as consultants in research,
    design, or testing of technologies. The
    environment and hours that they work varies with
    the job.

Starting Salaries
  • 50,236 with a bachelor's degree
  • 59,880 with a master's degree
  • Job Growth about average
  • For more informationAmerican Society of
    Mechanical Engineers

Nuclear Engineer
  • Design nuclear power systems for spacecraft.
  • Develop medical or industrial uses for
    radioactive materials.
  • Inspect and evaluate nuclear power plant,
    including those aboard ships or submarines.
  • Research and design fusion reactor systems.
  • Consult with law firms or medical research
    facilities on nuclear issues.

  • Nuclear engineers need a bachelor's degree. Most
    have nuclear engineering degrees, but some may
    have advanced degrees in nuclear physics

Work Environment
  • While there are some risks to working with
    radioactive material, there are excellent safety
    procedures to minimize those risks. Most nuclear
    engineers work a standard 40-hour week, although
    some projects or jobs may require different hours
    or overtime to meet deadlines.

Starting Salaries
  • 51,182 with a bachelor's degree
  • 58,814 with a master's degree
  • Job Growth - slow

Petroleum Engineer
  • Search the world for reservoirs containing oil or
    natural gas
  • Work with geologists and other specialists to
    understand the geologic formation and properties
    of the rock containing the reservoir, determine
    the drilling methods to be used, and monitor
    drilling and production operations
  • Design equipment and processes to achieve the
    maximum profitable recovery of oil and gas
  • Develop and use various enhanced recovery methods
  • Research and develop technology and methods to
    increase recovery and lower the cost of drilling
    and production operations.

  • Bachelors degree required
  • Earth Science and Geology majors can get jobs as
    Petroleum Engineers as well as majors in the

Work Environment
  • Options include working outdoors at a field
    location, indoors with a computer -- or both
  • You can develop your talents within a
    multinational corporation or a small company, or
    become an independent operator and head your own

Starting Salaries
  • 61,516 with a bachelor's degree
  • 58,000 with a master's degree
  • Job Growth decline through 2014
  • Society of Petroleum Engineers

2005 Starting Salaries
Careers in Nursing
  • Ambulatory care
  • Burn care
  • Cardiac care
  • Developmental disabilities
  • Diabetes
  • Dialysis
  • Emergency Department
  • Employee Health
  • Forensics
  • Geriatric Nurse (Care of older adults)
  • Gynecology
  • Home care
  • Infusion Therapy
  • Intensive care
  • Medical
  • Neonatal intensive care (Care of critically ill
  • Obstetrics (Care of mother/baby)
  • Occupational Health
  • Oncology (Care of patients with cancer)
  • Operating Room
  • Orthopedics

More Nursing Positions
  • Pediatrics
  • Physician's Office
  • Psychiatry/Mental health
  • Quality Assurance/Utilization Review
  • Recovery Room
  • Rehabilitation
  • Respiratory Care
  • Research
  • Risk Management
  • Schools
  • Surgery
  • Wound Care

Mathematics Careers
Teaching The teaching of mathematics at the K-12
level is a high-demand field and the need is
expected to grow in the future. The place to go
for explicit career information is the National
Council of Teachers of Mathematics
homepage. Actuarial Science Actuarial science
takes mathematics and statistics and applies them
to finance and insurance. Actuarial science
includes a number of interrelating disciplines,
including probability and statistics, finance,
and economics. Check out Be An Actuary. Computer
Science Computer science is the study of the
theoretical foundations of information and
computation and their implementation and
application in computer systems. Mathematicians,
with their training in logical and precise
thinking, are highly prized in this field. See
the student section of the Association for
Computing Machinery for career advice.
Operations Research Operations research is an
interdisciplinary branch of mathematics which
uses mathematical methods to arrive at optimal
decisions to problems in maximizing or minimizing
things like costs or profits. The eventual
intention behind using Operations Research is to
elicit a best possible solution to a problem
mathematically, which improves or optimizes the
performance of the system. The group INFORMS is
the world's largest society devoted to operations
research/management science. Biomathematics Mathe
matical biology or biomathematics is an
interdisciplinary field of study. It models
natural and biological processes using
mathematical techniques and tools. Results have
been applied to areas such as cellular
neurobiology, epidemic modelling, and population
genetics. The education page of the Society for
Mathematical Biology links to schools offering
biomath degrees along with a description of the
coursework needed.
Cryptography Cryptography is the practice and
study of hiding information. Cryptography is
considered to be a branch of both mathematics and
computer science. Not just for spies anymore,
cryptography applications include the security of
ATM cards and computer passwords. Finance Finance
is a field that studies and addresses the ways
in which individuals, businesses, and
organizations raise, allocate, and use monetary
resources over time, taking into account the
risks entailed in their projects. Mathematicians
can build models to help explain and predict the
behavior of financial markets. Several schools
offer Master's degrees in Financial Mathematics.
A quick web search will take you to their web
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