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Careers in Science and Engineering

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Careers in Science and Engineering Dr. Robert Merlino Department of Physics and Astronomy The University of Iowa ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Careers in Science and Engineering


1
Careers in Science and Engineering
Regina High School Career DayThursday March 22,
2007
  • Dr. Robert Merlino
  • Department of Physics and Astronomy
  • The University of Iowa

2
Science vs. Engineering, whats the difference?
  • goal of science is to discover the composition
    and behavior of the physical world the laws of
    nature
  • the basic objective of engineering is to design
    (INVENT) useful things
  • scientists discover new science engineers apply
    science to design useful things
  • the training of scientists and engineers is
    similar, both learn basic science, but scientists
    training goes beyond the basics to the frontiers
    of knowledge

3
physics and engineering (examples)
  • John Bardeen discovered how semiconductors work,
    electrical engineers used this to make radios,
    TVs, . . . computers . . .
  • Hertz discovered radio waves, Marconi invented
    wireless communication
  • Roentgen discovered x-rays, engineers make x-ray
    machines used in hosptials
  • Physicists discovered nuclear magnetic resonance
    engineers design MRI systems
  • Sometimes there are many years between discovery
    of the science and the application
  • some discoveries may have no practical application

4
Science vs. Engineering
  • engineering is neither better or worse than
    science, it is different
  • scientists try to advance knowledge beyond what
    is already known
  • engineers study applied subject areas that are
    specifically useful in designing things. e.g.,
    strength of beams and the performance of engines
  • most engineers are qualified for useful work
    without reaching the Ph. D., but most scientists
    attain a Ph. D.
  • there is a direct path from undergraduate
    engineering degree to a career in engineering
  • engineers usually pursue their professional
    license
  • in science the Ph.D. is a sort of license to do
    research

5
Scientists in industry
  • there is no definite line between science and
    engineering you will find many physicists
    working in industry
  • biophysics
  • plasma TV systems
  • fiber optics and lasers
  • high-tech management
  • finance and marketing
  • MRI physicists (health physics)
  • quality engineers

6
Branches of engineering
  • manufacturing engineering
  • materials engineering
  • nuclear engineering
  • environmental engineering
  • mechanical engineering
  • computer engineering
  • industrial engineering
  • aerospace engineering
  • agricultural engineering
  • biomedical engineering
  • chemical engineering
  • civil engineering
  • construction engineering
  • electrical engineering

7
Positions held by physics alumni
Engineering Health Physics Business/management U
niversity Faculty
  • Consultant, Lockheed Martin
  • Physicist, U.S. Army
  • Consultant, Rail Co.
  • Advisory Engineer, Westinghouse Electronic
  • Systems Group
  • Senior Engineer, Marine Corps
  • Test Pilot, U.S. Navy
  • Physicist, Naval Air Warfare Center
  • Senior Scientist, University of Virginia
  • Radiation Oncologist, Suburban Hospital,
    Bethesda, MD
  • Financial Analyst, American Hospital Supply,
    Corp.

8
  • CFO, Dennys, Inc..
  • Professor of Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh
  • Professor of Pediatrics, Temple University
  • Radiology, Duke University Medical Center
  • Assistant Professor, Physics, Villanova
    University
  • Radiologist, Richmond Medical Imaging Associates
  • Pilot, U.S. Navy
  • Technical Director, E.G.G.
  • Program Manager, U.S. Army
  • Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Neurology,
    University of Pittsburgh
  • Manager, Interet Inc.
  • Physicist, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
  • Program Manager, Vitro Corp.

9
  • Staff Engineer, Hawaiian Electric Co.
  • President, Maui Electronic Co., Ltd.
  • Heath Physicist, Radiochemist, U.S. Navy
  • Nuclear Engineer, Bechtel Power
  • Consulting Physicist
  • Health Physicist, Digital Systems Research
  • Territorial Manager, Ross Laboratories
  • Accounts Underwriter, Kemper Insurance
  • Vice President, Cigna International
  • Scientist, SES
  • Research Associate, DuPont Imaging Systems
  • Case Manager, New Jersey Department of
    Environmental Protection and Energy
  • Senior Physicst/Systems Analyst, The John Hopkins
    University
  • Functional Manger, Hewlett Packard
  • Civil Engineer, Sinclair Oil Corp.
  • Vice President, Licensing , Wyeth-Ayert
    Laboratories
  • Engineer, GTE Fiber Optics Communication

10
  • Manager, Network Equipment Technologies
  • LCDR, U.S. Navy
  • Director if Research, IatroMed, Inc.
  • Director of RD, LaJolla Technology, Inc.
  • Assistant Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery,
    University of Kentucky
  • Development Engineer, Reed Research, Inc.
  • Test Engineering Manager, Du Pont
  • Dean, Sangamon State University, Springfield Il
  • Technical Manager, Jet Propulsion Laboratory
  • Physicist, Cornell Aero. Labs
  • U.S. Sales Manager, ATT Paradyne
  • Consultant, Arthur Anderson Co.

11
  • Director, Bell Atlantic
  • Professor of Astronomy, Villanova University
  • Sr. Principal Engineer, Computer Sciences Corp.
  • Asst. Professor of Physics, Temple University
  • Electronics Engineer Honeywell Electro
    OpticsPresident, California University of PA
  • Project Engineer, New Jersey Dept. of
    Transportation
  • Field Engineer, Ultratech Stepper
  • Engineer, Lockheed Martin
  • Electronics Engineer, USAF
  • Professor of Computer Science and Engineering,
    Wright State University
  • Assistant Scientist, Leeds and Northrup

12
What to do now to prepare for careers in science
and engineering
  • take re-algebra, algebra, advanced algebra and
    pre-calculus courses
  • take every available science course- physical
    science, biology, chemistry and physics
  • for physics careers read The Elegant
    Universe, by Brian Greene
  • A Brief History of Time, by Stephen Hawking
  • Flying Circus of Physics, by Jearl Walker
  • get involved in science fairs, extracurricular
    science clubs
  • find a mentor someone (teacher or professor)
    who can help you and answer questions about
    things that intrigue you about science

13
What do University professors do?
  • TEACHING
  • I teach a large lecture class (300) for mostly
    freshman The Physics of Everyday Experience- How
    things work Mon Wed Fri 1130 12-30
  • I spend at least an hour before each class
    preparing demonstrations to illustrate the
    principles found in our common experiences
  • On Tues and Thus mornings I meet individual
    students to answer questions, provide help, etc
  • I advise graduate students who are working toward
    their MS and PhD degrees

14
Research
  • I conduct experiments in plasma (ionized gases)
    physics in my lab
  • Both undergraduates and graduate students work
    with my as part of a team
  • I write research proposals to federal agencies to
    get the money to do the research
  • I spend lots of time writing reports on the
    experiments that we perform these reports get
    published as articles in journals read by other
    scientists
  • I attend research conferences where I present our
    results to groups of scientists who can offer
    feed back and criticism
  • I am usually in my office M-F, 830 530, but I
    spend a good deal of time in the evenings and
    weekends reading articles about the work of other
    scientists.

15
ASTRONOMY
Rosette Nebula
16
Comet Hale-Bopp
17
Naturally Occurring Plasmas
18
High Voltage Outdoor Plasma
19
Neon lights are a plasma !
20
Aurora Over Chippewa Falls, WI
Brett Walker, Nov. 5, 2001
21
I T E R
22
A plasma lurks inside every fluorescent lamp !
The fluorescent lamp shown has part of
the phosphor removed to reveal the blue glow of
the plasma inside.
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