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Materials Handling

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Title: Materials Handling


1
Materials Handling
  • MODULE 18

2
Materials Handling on Oil and Gas Sites
  • What materials are handled?
  • What machines are used to handle them?
  • What precautions are taken to avoid accidents and
    injuries?

3
Regulations
  • 29 CFR 1910 Subpart N
  • 29 CFR 1926 Subparts H and N
  • API RP 54, 4G, 9B
  • ANSI B56.6 for forklifts
  • Crane standards for derricks?
  • RP 54 and general duty clause
  • Look at application for each crane standard

4
Materials Handling and Storage
  • 29 CFR 1910 SUBPART N

5
Organization of Subpart N
  • 1910.176 - Handling materials - general
  • 1910.177 - Servicing multi-piece and single piece
    rim wheels
  • 1910.178 - Powered industrial trucks
  • 1910.178 App A Stability of powered industrial
    trucks (non-mandatory)
  • 1910.179 - Overhead and gantry cranes
  • 1910.180 - Crawler locomotive and truck cranes
  • 1910.181 - Derricks
  • 1910.183 - Helicopters
  • 1910.184 - Slings

6
1910.176 Handling materials - general
  • Mechanical equipment safe clearances permanent
    passageways marked
  • Housekeeping avoid tripping, fire, explosion,
    or pest harborage hazards
  • Covers or guardrails for open pits, tanks, vats,
    ditches

7
1910.176 Handling materials - general
  • Storage must not create a hazard Stable/secure
    against sliding or collapse

8
1910.177 Servicing multi-piece and single-piece
rim wheels
  • Applies to large vehicles not pickups,
    automobiles, or vans
  • Training
  • Tire servicing equipment
  • Wheel component acceptability
  • Safe operating procedures

9
Powered Industrial Trucks
  • 29 CFR 1910.178

10
1910.178 Powered industrial trucks
  • Contains safety requirements relating to
  • Fire protection
  • Design
  • Maintenance
  • Use of fork trucks, tractors, platform lift
    trucks, motorized hand trucks, and other
    specialized industrial trucks powered by electric
    motors or internal combustion engines

11
1910.178 Powered industrial trucks
  • ANSI B56.1 1969
  • Marking indicating approval by testing laboratory
  • No modifications that affect capacity and safe
    operation without manufacturers prior written
    approval
  • Front-end attachments identified
  • Markings maintained legible

12
1910.178(b) and (c)
  • Designations for industrial trucks by fuel and
    safeguards against ignition source
  • Designated locations where specific types of
    trucks may be used
  • Table N-1

13
1910.178(e) Safety guards
  • Overhead guards for High Lift Rider trucks if
    operations permit
  • Vertical load backrest extension for types of
    loads that present hazards

14
1910.178(f) Fuel handling and storage
  • Storing and handling of liquid fuels Follow NFPA
    No. 30-1969
  • Storing and handling of LPG fuel Follow NFPA No.
    58-1969

15
1910.178(g) Changing and charging storage
batteries
  • Battery charging installations located in areas
    designated for that purpose
  • Facilities provided for
  • Flushing and neutralizing spilled electrolyte,
  • For fire protection,
  • For protecting charging apparatus from damage by
    trucks, and
  • For adequate ventilation for dispersal of fumes
    from gassing batteries

16
1910.178(g) Changing and charging storage
batteries
  • Conveyor, overhead hoist, or equivalent provided
    for handling batteries
  • Reinstalled batteries properly positioned and
    secured in the truck

17
1910.178(g) Changing and charging storage
batteries
  • When charging batteries, acid poured into water
    not water poured into acid
  • Trucks properly positioned and brake applied
    before attempting to change or charge batteries
  • Care taken to assure that vent caps are
    functioning

18
1910.178(g) Changing and charging storage
batteries
  • Smoking prohibited in the charging area
  • Precautions taken to prevent open flames, sparks,
    or electric arcs in battery charging areas
  • Tools and metallic objects kept away from the
    tops of batteries

19
1910.178(h) and (i)
  • Auxiliary directional lighting on truck if
    lighting lt2 lumens per square foot
  • Control carbon monoxide to levels in 1910.1000

20
1910.178(k) Trucks and railroad cars
  • Brakes set and wheel chocks placed for highway
    trucks boarded with powered industrial trucks
  • Positive protection to keeptrain cars from
    moving while loading or with dockboards/bridge
    plates
  • Fixed jacks for uncoupled semitrailer during
    loading

21
1910.178(l) Operator training
  • Ensure that before employee operates a powered
    industrial truck, operator has completed training
    and evaluation successfully
  • Trainees may operate a powered industrial truck
    only
  • Under direct supervision of persons with the
    knowledge, training, and experience to train
    operators and evaluate their competence and
  • Where such operation does not endanger the
    trainee or other employees.

22
1910.178(l) Operator training
  • Required
  • Lecture or other formal instruction (computer,
    video tape, written)
  • Practical training (demonstrations and exercises)
  • Evaluation by trainer of operator performance in
    workplace
  • Refresher training required after certain
    conditions in (4)

23
1910.178(l)(3) Training program content
  • Truck-related training topics
  • Operating instructions, warnings, and precautions
  • Differences between the truck and the automobile
  • Truck controls and instrumentation
  • where they are located
  • what they do
  • how they work
  • Engine or motor operation
  • Steering and maneuvering
  • Fork and attachment adaptation

24
1910.178(l)(3) Training program content
  • Truck-related training topics
  • Vehicle capacity
  • Vehicle stability
  • Any vehicle inspection and maintenance that the
    operator will be required to perform
  • Refueling and/or charging and recharging of
    batteries
  • Operating limitations
  • Operating instructions, warnings, or precautions
    listed in the operator's manual

25
1910.178(l)(3) Training program content
  • Workplace-related topics
  • Surface conditions
  • Composition of loads and load stability
  • Load manipulation, stacking, and unstacking
  • Pedestrian traffic in areas where the vehicle
    will be operated
  • Ramps and other sloped surfaces that could affect
    the vehicle's stability

26
1910.178(l) Certification
  • The certification shall include
  • Name of the operator
  • Date of the training
  • Date of the evaluation, and
  • Identity of the person(s)
    performing the training or evaluation
  • Previous training does not need to be repeated if
    operator can operate safely

27
1910.178(m) Truck operations
  • Trucks never driven up to anyone standing in
    front of a bench or other fixed object
  • No one allowed to stand or pass under the
    elevated portion of any truck,
    whether loaded or empty
  • Unauthorized personnel not permitted to ride on
    powered industrial trucks
  • A safe place to ride provided where riding of
    trucks is authorized

28
1910.178(m) Truck operations
  • Prohibit arms or legs from being placed between
    the uprights of the mast or outside the running
    lines of the truck
  • When truck left unattended (25 ft. away or out of
    view)
  • load engaging means fully lowered
  • controls neutralized
  • power shall be shut off
  • brakes set

29
1910.178(m) Truck operations
  • Maintain safe distance from edges of ramps or
    platforms while on any elevated location
  • Never use trucks to open or close freight doors
  • Trucks, trailers, and railroad cars Immobilize
    vehicles and check floors for breaks and weakness
    before driving on

30
1910.178(m) Truck operations
  • Overhead guard as protection against falling
    objects
  • Intended to offer protection from the impact of
    small packages, boxes, bagged material, etc.
  • Not intended to withstand the impact of a falling
    capacity load

31
1910.178(n) Traveling
  • Follow all traffic regulations, including
    authorized speed limits
  • Maintain safe distance approximately three truck
    lengths from the truck ahead
  • Keep truck under control at all times

32
1910.178(n) Traveling
  • Never pass other trucks traveling in the same
    direction at intersections, blind spots, or other
    dangerous locations
  • Slow down and sound horn at cross aisles and
    other locations where vision is obstructed
  • If the load being carried obstructs forward view,
    travel with the load trailing

33
1910.178(n) Traveling
  • Ascending or descending grades gt10 drive loaded
    trucks with the load upgrade
  • On all grades the load and load engaging means
    tilted back if applicable, and raised only as far
    as necessary to clear the road surface

34
Overhead and Gantry Cranes
  • 29 CFR 1910.179

35
1910.179(b) General Requirements
  • Application cranes with trolleys and other
    characteristics similar to gantry cranes
  • ANSI B30.2.0-1967
  • Rated load marking on each side and legible from
    the floor
  • Operated by designated personnel only

36
Organization of Standard
  • Cabs access, controls, location
  • Footwalks and ladders location, construction,
    walking/working surfaces
  • Stops, bumpers, rail sweeps, and guards
  • Brakes
  • Electric equipment, including controllers

37
Organization of Standard
  • Hoisting equipment sheaves, ropes, equalizers,
    hooks
  • Warning device
  • Inspection frequent and periodic
  • Testing operational and load
  • Maintenance
  • Rope inspection

38
Organization of Standard
  • Handling the load
  • Size
  • Attaching the load
  • Moving the load
  • Hoist limit switch
  • Other requirements ladders, cabs, fire
    extinguishers

39
Crawler, Locomotive, and Truck Cranes
  • 29 CFR 1910.180

40
1910.180(b) General Requirements
  • Application
  • Crawler cranes, locomotive cranes, wheel mounted
    cranes, used as lifting cranes
  • Both truck and self-propelled wheel type
  • Powered by internal combustion engines or
    electric motors
  • Utilize drums and ropes
  • ANSI B30.5-1968
  • Operated by designated personnel only

41
Organization of Standard
  • Load ratings
  • Inspection classification
  • Testing
  • Maintenance procedure General
  • Rope inspection
  • Handling the load
  • Other requirements
  • Operations near overhead lines

42
Derricks
  • 29 CFR 1910.181

43
1910.181(b) General Requirements
  • Application
  • any modification of these types which retain
    their fundamental features, except for floating
    derricks
  • ANSI B30.6-1969
  • Operated by designated personnel only

44
Organization of Standard
  • Load ratings permanent and nonpermanent
  • Inspection
  • Testing
  • Maintenance
  • Rope inspection
  • Operations of derricks
  • Handling the load
  • Other requirements

45
Slings
  • 29 CFR 1910.184

46
Application
  • Used for hoisting of material
  • Alloy steel chain
  • Wire rope
  • Metal mesh
  • Natural or synthetic fiber rope
  • Synthetic web
  • Illustrations in (b)

47
(c) Safe operating practices
  • Never use damaged / defective slings
  • Never shorten slings with makeshift devices
  • Never use kinked sling legs
  • Never load slings in excess of rated capacities
  • Balance loads in basket hitches to prevent
    slippage.

48
(c) Safe operating practices
  • Attach slings securely to loads.
  • Pad / protect slings from sharp edges.
  • Keep suspended loads clear of obstructions
  • Keep employees clear of loads to be lifted and
    suspended loads.

49
(c) Safe operating practices
  • Never place hands or fingers between sling and
    load while sling is being tightened.
  • Shock loading is prohibited take up the slack
    in the sling slowly.
  • Never pull a sling out from under a load while
    the load rests on it.

50
Organization of Standard
  • Inspections each day before use and during use
  • Alloy steel chain slings
  • Wire rope slings
  • Metal mesh slings

51
Construction Standards
  • 29 CFR 1926 Subparts H and N

52
Applicability of Construction Standards in 29 CFR
1926
  • Subpart H Materials Handling, Storage, Use, and
    Disposal
  • Subpart N Cranes, Derricks, Hoists, Elevators,
    and Conveyors
  • Do construction standards apply
  • To a derrick during drilling operations?
  • To a crane setting up equipment at a site?

53
Hazards Standards for Oil Gas
  • API RP 54, RP4G, RP9B
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