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Populations in the Path of Natural Hazards

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Map storm tracks and compare to population density maps in Florida. Discuss implications ... Path of Natural Hazards. Population distribution maps. Weather ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Populations in the Path of Natural Hazards


1
Populations in the Path of Natural Hazards
  • A lesson plan from Making Population Real
  • by the Population Reference Bureau
  • Supported by the World Population Fund
  • of the Minneapolis Foundation

2
Todays Agenda
  • Introduction
  • Brief background on hurricane impacts related to
    the activity in the lesson plan
  • Map storm tracks and compare to population
    density maps in Florida
  • Discuss implications
  • More about Making Population Real and PRB

3
Making Population Real Lesson Plan 3In the
Path of Natural Hazards

4
Objectives
  • To identify patterns of population change in
    areas with a history of major storm risk
  • To evaluate the human and economic costs of a
    major natural disaster
  • To explore why people move to places likely to
    experience major storms

5
Teaching Standards
  • AP Geography Standard Addressed
  • Unit II Population Unit
  • A. Geographical analysis of population
  • 4. Population and natural hazards past, present,
    and future
  • AP and the Advanced Placement Program are
    registered trademarks of the College Entrance
    Examination Board which was not involved in the
    production of these lesson plans

6
In the Path of Natural Hazards
  • Hurricanes and tropical storms have always been
    one of the primary causes of natural disasters
    in the Caribbean and the coastal southern United
    States. But the economic impact of hurricanes in
    these areas is growing far more severe.
  • - Roger-Mark De Souza, Population
    Reference Bureau

7
Construction in Harms Way
  • Aggressive coastal development, especially the
    building of homes and businesses in fragile
    areas, is also increasing human vulnerability to
    natural disasters.
  • A 2000 study commissioned by the Federal
    Emergency Management Agency found that Americans
    have built more than 350,000 structures within
    500 feet of U.S. coasts.
  • - Roger-Mark De Souza, Population
    Reference Bureau

8
Noting Vulnerability
  • U.S. insurance industry paid 39 billion between
    2000-2004 for hurricanes and natural disasters
    half the total for catastrophic events in prior
    30 years
  • Globally 13 of 25 countries with the greatest
    number of natural disasters in 1970s and 1980s
    were small island states
  • Population growth, concentrations of poverty,
    migration to cities, and environmental
    degradation all increase impacts of storms
  • Source PRB, In Harms Way, 2004,
    www.prb.org/environment

9
Preventing Damage from Disasters
  • The World Bank and U.S. Geological Survey
    calculated that economic losses worldwide from
    natural disasters in the 1990s could have been
    reduced by 280 billion if 40 billion had been
    invested in preparedness, mitigation, and
    prevention strategies.
  • Charlotte Benson citing research on The Cost of
    Disasters

10
Where and when did population change most?
11
What do counties with greatest density have in
common?
Florida Counties, Population Density, 2000
12
UNISYS Weather Storm Tracks
  • What do storm track maps tell us about
    vulnerability to hurricanes in Florida?

13
Group Work Storm Tracks
  • Each group should draw the storm tracks that
    affected Florida for your assigned year
  • Where was their greatest impact?

14
Discussing the Impact of Hurricanes
  • Which have been the deadliest U.S. storms
    (1851-2004)?
  • Which have been the costliest?
  • What changed?

15
Discussing Population and Risks
  • Why do people move to coastal areas?
  • What are the risks?
  • What can or should be done about these risks?
  • From those suggestions, which options are most
    feasible?

16
Making Population Real Lesson Plan 3In the
Path of Natural Hazards
  • Activities
  • Living on the Edge
  • Analyze Florida population density maps
  • Compare to storm track maps
  • Islands Facing Change
  • Analyze Puerto Rico population density maps
  • Compare to storm track maps

17
Making Population Real Lesson Plans
  • Population Fundamentals Building a Foundation
  • Populations in the Path of Natural Hazards
  • The Demographic Transition
  • A Contemporary Look at a Classic Model
  • HIV/AIDS and Contemporary Population Dynamics
  • Population Policy Progress Since Cairo
  • People on the Move
  • Global Migration Patterns

18
About Making Population Real
  • Free, on-line curricula utilize up-to-date
    real-world data and articles from a variety of
    web-based resources
  • United Nations (UNICEF, UNHCR, WHO, etc.)
  • U.S. Census Bureau
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  • PRB research and publications
  • Lead author Martha B. Sharma
  • Recipient of the 2006 Geographic Excellence in
    Media Award from National Council for Geographic
    Education
  • www.prb.org/educators

19
Population Reference Bureau
  • Informs people around the world about population,
    health, and the environment, and empowers them to
    use that information to advance the well-being of
    current and future generations.
  • Analyzes demographic data and research to provide
    objective, accurate, and up-to-date population
    information in a format that is easily understood
    by educators, journalists, and decision makers
    alike.

20
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