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Todays Class 20 JuneTwo Thousand and Seven the days are ticking


Ticking away the moments that make up the dull day. You fritter and waste the hours in an off hand way ... Steve Jobs commencement talk ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Todays Class 20 JuneTwo Thousand and Seven the days are ticking

Todays Class - 20 JuneTwo Thousand and Seven -
the days are ticking
  • Time - Pink Floyd
  • Experiential Exercise
  • Begin Existential Theory
  • Existential Psychotherapy - Review Principles and
    goals of therapy
  • Case study - Anthony Jr.
  • Other videos

Pink Floyd - Time
  • Ticking away the moments that make up the dull
  • You fritter and waste the hours in an off hand
  • Kicking around on a piece of ground in your home
  • Waiting for someone or something to show you the
  • Tired of lying in the sunshine staying home to
    watch the rain
  • You are young and life is long and there is time
    to kill today
  • And then one day you find that ten years have got
    behind you No one told you when to run, you
    missed the starting gun

Time, part II
  • And you run and run to catch up with the sun, but
    it's sinking And racing around to come up behind
    you again
  • The sun is the same in a relative way, but you're
  • Shorter of breath and one day closer to death
  • Every year is getting shorter, never seem to find
    the time
  • Plans that either come to naught or a half page
    of scribbled lines
  • Hanging on in a quiet desperation is the English
  • The time is gone the song is over, thought i'd
    something more to say

Important Influences
  • Victor Frankl
  • Prisoner, Nazi Concentration Camps-1942-45-
  • lost entire family Spiritual freedom
  • of mind can be had in the worst situations
  • Essence lies in searching for meaning purpose
  • Rollo May
  • American psychiatrist many books on existential
  • therapy, integrated psychoanalysis and
  • therapy - He had two failed marriages- wrote
  • regarding questions of intimacy, monogamy, morals
  • relationships, studied with Adler
  • Irvin
  • Yalom
  • Therapy through Meaning, therapeutic love
  • themes of existential work

  • Area of philosophy concerned with the meaning of
    human existence
  • Asking questions about issues of love, death and
    the meaning of life
  • How one deals with the sense of value and
    meaning of ones life
  • Frequently referenced as more of a philosophy
    than a specific theoretical approach - SOME

  • Similar to client-centered approaches
    Existentialist argue that it is an
    oversimplification to view people as controlled
    by fixed physical laws
  • Focus on active, positive aspects of human growth
    and achievement

Existential perspective to key therapeutic
  • Resistance - Occurs when a client does not take
    responsibility, is not aware of feelings, or
    otherwise is inauthentic in dealing with life.
  • Rarely directed at therapist-- rather a way of
    dealing with overwhelming threats, an inaccurate
    view of the world, or an inaccurate view of the
  • Transference - important to note when clients
    attention focuses on the therapist - Work to make
    progress in the process of developing a real and
    authentic relationship

The Capacity for Self-Awareness
  • The greater our awareness, the greater our
    possibilities for freedom
  • Awareness is realizing that
  • We are finite - time is limited
  • We have the potential, the choice, to act or not
    to act
  • Meaning is not automatic - we must seek it
  • We are subject to loneliness, meaninglessness,
    emptiness, guilt, and isolation

Freedom and Responsibility
  • People are free to choose among alternatives and
    have a large role in shaping personal destinies
  • Manner in which we live and what we become are
    result of our choices
  • People must accept responsibility for directing
    their own lives

The Search for Meaning
  • Meaning like pleasure, meaning must be pursued
  • Finding meaning in life is a by-product of a
    commitment to creating, loving, and working
  • The will to meaning is our primary striving
  • Life is not meaningful in itself the individual
    must create and discover meaning

Tony Jr - Sopranos
  • What is Tony Jr. Struggling with
  • What is the therapist trying to overview to Tony
    relative to the lecture?
  • What is the Grandmother in the nursing home
    struggling with - and how she has been able to
    overcome certain existential themes in her life

Steve Jobs commencement talk
  • http//
  • What did people see that had relevance to the

Anxiety, continued 2 types
  • Normal anxiety (also called existential
  • Proportionate to its cause, does not require
    repression, and can be used constructively to
    identify and confront the dilemma from which it
  • Neurotic Anxiety
  • When a person tries to evade normal or
    existential anxiety. It commonly manifests
    itself as a loss of a subjective sense of free
    will and an inability to take responsibility for
    ones own life.

Primary Goals Techniques Pertaining To Anxiety
  • Eliminate neurotic anxiety to degree possible
  • Help the client learn to tolerate the unavoidable
    existential anxiety of living.
  • Help clients to reach higher levels of
  • Techniques
  • Identifying instances when the patient avoids
    responsibility, helping the patient to consider
    options make decisions, and pointing out how
    grief reactions and sadness about life milestones
    COULD BE related to underlying fears of isolation
    and death.

Role of the therapy relationship
  • Very important - strive toward an honest, open,
    and egalitarian relationship with patients.
  • The goal is development of an authentic and
    intimate relationship between the therapist and
    the client. -- Serves to model authenticity,
    freedom of choice, and appropriate handling of
    anxiety circumstances

Awareness of Death Nonbeing
  • Awareness of death is a basic human condition
    which gives significance to living
  • We must think about death if we are to thing
    significantly about life
  • If we defend against death our lives can become

Central Tasks of Existential Therapists
  • Inviting clients to recognize how they have
    allowed others to decide for them
  • Encouraging clients to take responsibility
  • Recognize ways clients passively accepted
    circumstances surrendered control-
  • Although you have lived in a certain pattern,
    now that your recognize the price of some of your
    ways, are you willing to consider creating new

Stance on Techniques
  • Little to not specific techniques designated
    within theory
  • Commonly integrated within other frameworks

Pros and Cons
  • PROS Something to offer all counselors, stresses
    self-determination, accepting the personal
    responsibility, provides perspective for
    understanding the value of anxiety and guilt, the
    role of death, and the creative aspects of being
    alone and choosing for oneself.
  • CONS Lacks a systematic statement of principles
    and practices writers use vague and global terms
    or abstract concepts little research, limited
    applications for lower-functioning clients,
    clients in extreme crisis who need direction,
    poor clients, and those who are nonverbal.
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