Executive Secretaries 2nd Committee Dialogue Wednesday, 26 October 2005, New York International Migr - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Executive Secretaries 2nd Committee Dialogue Wednesday, 26 October 2005, New York International Migr

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Title: Executive Secretaries 2nd Committee Dialogue Wednesday, 26 October 2005, New York International Migr


1
Executive Secretaries 2nd Committee
DialogueWednesday, 26 October 2005, New
YorkInternational Migration in aGlobalized
World
  • Kim Hak-Su
  • Executive Secretary, ESCAP

2
Contents
  • 1. International migration scale forms
  • 2. Policy issues
  • 3. UN response

3
Number of international migrants in the world
Source United Nations, Trends in Total Migrant
Stock The 2003 Revision.
4
  • International migration, various forms
  • Permanent settlement
  • Temporary labour migration
  • Forced migration
  • Irregular migration
  • Some forms more visible
  • Irregular migration increased

5
Policy issues Economic aspects
  • Countries of origin
  • Remittances
  • Reduction of unemployment
  • Migrants transfer home knowledge skills
  • - Loss of skilled professionals
  • Countries of destination
  • Migrants as flexible labour force
  • /- Impact on labour market

6
Financial flows to developing countries 1996-2004
Source Global Development Finance 2005
Mobilizing Finance and Managing
Vulnerability. Note 2004 is an estimated data
7
Policy issues Non-economic aspects
  • Migrants vulnerability
  • Migrants integration
  • Irregular migration
  • Smuggling of migrants trafficking in persons
  • Migrant health

8
Migration policies
  • At national level
  • More immigration controls
  • More incentives for highly skilled workers
  • Measures to enhance benefits
  • At regional level
  • EU free movement of workers
  • In other regions limited progress

9
Role of the UN
  • Foster inter-governmental dialogue
  • Enhance coordination collaboration on
    international migration
  • Establish legal norms instruments

10
Way forward
  • High-level dialogue on international migration
    and development in 2006
  • Time to work together!
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