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Postmodernism

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Postmodernism To say of what is that it is, or of what is not that it is not, is true. ARISTOTLE METAPHYSICS 1077B26 * * What Are We Talking About & Why? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Postmodernism


1
Postmodernism
  • To say of what is that it is, or of what is not
    that it is not, is true.
  • ARISTOTLE METAPHYSICS 1077B26

2
What Are We Talking About Why?
What?
  • A worldview that rejects the existence of
    absolute truth

Why?
  • For reasons of morality. How ought one to live.
    Are there moral absolutes and duties?
  • Evangelism, how can we share the gospel in this
    culture?
  • Theology, can we know anything about God?

3
Premodernism
  • Church Hierarchy
  • Access to Truth is Mediated by the Church
  • Scripture
  • Tradition
  • Society

Cf. Postmodernism 101, 23-37
4
Modernism
  • Reformation
  • Sola Fide, Sola Scriptura
  • The Role of Politics
  • Divine Rights ? Scientific understanding of
    humanity
  • The Role of Philosophy
  • Foundationalism Descartes
  • Faith in the power of reason is the central
    pillar of the modern worldview.
  • The Role of Science
  • The Copernican Revolution

Cf. Postmodernism 101, 23-37
5
The Pale Blue Dot
Our posturings, our imagined self-importance,
the delusion that we have some privileged
position in the Universe, are challenged by this
point of pale light. Our planet is a lonely speck
in the great enveloping cosmic dark. In our
obscurity, in all this vastness, there is no hint
that help will come from elsewhere to save us
from ourselves. Carl Sagan, from a Public
Lecture delivered October 13, 1994, at Cornell
University
6
The Role of Science
7
PostmodernismMetaphysical Realism
  1. The existence of a theory-independent or language
    independent reality
  2. The notion that there is one way the world really
    is and
  3. The notion that the basic laws of logic
    identity, non-contradiction, excluded middle
    apply to reality

8
(No Transcript)
9
PostmodernismRejection of Absolutism
  • All thought is historically and socially
    conditioned.
  • A rejection of dichotomous thinking there is no
    objective truth, no Gods eye view of things.
  • Real/unreal
  • True/false
  • Rational/irrational
  • Right/wrong
  • Virtue/vice
  • Beautiful/ugly

10
PostmodernismRationality Knowledge
  • Rationalityobjectivity is impossible
  • Knowledgea construction of ones social,
    linguistic structures, not a justified, truthful
    representation of reality by ones mental states.

11
PostmodernismAntifoundationalism
Postmoderns reject foundationalism and there is
no quest for epistemic certainty or
justification. The quest is misguided because
people do not need certainty to live their lives
well.
Cf. Postmodernism 101, 30-31
12
PostmodernismAntiessentialism Nominalism
  • Antiessentialism
  • There is no distinction between essential and
    accidental properties
  • Being human is essential to Socrates
  • Being five feet tall is not essential to Socrates
  • Nominalism
  • Nothing is literally the same from one moment to
    the next. There is a denial of universals,
    rather names for groups of things.
  • The redness of an apple

13
PostmodernismMeaning, Interpretation, Self
  • Denial of authorial meaning
  • There is no book of Romans. Rather, there is a
    Lutheran, Calvinist, Catholic, and Marxist book
    of Romans.
  • The Self
  • Not an individual, a bundle of social roles

Cf. Postmodernism 101, 67-85, 87-101, 103-122
also for reference to Language
14
Puff, the magic dragon Lived by the sea And
frolicked in the autumn mist In a land called
Honah Lee
15
PostmodernismMetanarratives
Cf. Postmodernism 101, 150-154
16
PostmodernismThe Problem of Historical Knowledge
  • History is not objective
  • History is only reported from a bias perspective,
    thus cannot be trusted as truly objective.
  • Winners write history.

Cf. Postmodernism 101, 139-156
17
What Does This Meanfor Christianity?How Should
Christians Respond?
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