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POSTMODERNISM

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POSTMODERNISM The term postmodern is often defined as experimental writing occurring after a certain time (1940s and 1950s). Traits of postmodern literature ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: POSTMODERNISM


1
POSTMODERNISM
2
  • The term postmodern is often defined as
    experimental writing occurring after a certain
    time (1940s and 1950s).

3
Traits of postmodern literature
  • Self-reflexive
  • Eclectic approach
  • Parody
  • Pastiche
  • Play in at least one of the following ways play
    with genres (like horror), storytelling modes,
    elements of fiction, other formal traits of
    fiction writing, and sometimes even the visual
    formatting of texts. (By play, I mean
    experimentation.)
  • Commitment to questioning art and nonsense.

4
Self-reflexive
  • By this, we mean a text shows self-awareness of
    itself as a text, as a piece of art.
  • Ex The movie titled Synecdoche, New York is
    about characters making a movie about characters
    making a movie about characters making a movie,
    etc.
  • In order to understand self-reflexivity,
    visualize a snake bending back on itself.

5
Eclectic (also sometimes termed bricolage)
  • Experimental texts are eclectic in pulling from
    many different sources.
  • You may, for example, find a reference to the
    story of Noah and the Ark right next to a
    reference to The Matrix.

6
Parody
  • Parody is the result of audiences being saturated
    with a certain form or genre. At this point,
    audiences become aware of art as art. This where
    irony comes into play. Parody ultimately
    transforms the original work or form/genre
    through irony.
  • Ex If youve seen Scary Movie I, II, III, IV, or
    V, you understand what parody is.

7
Pastiche
  • Pastiche is referencing a formula/genre without
    any ironic intentions.
  • The Marxist academic Fredric Jameson has examined
    the functions of postmodern pastiche. He
    describes pastiche as the random cannibalisation
    of all the styles of the past, the play of
    stylistic allusion. Jameson also says that
    pastiche is blank parody.
  • Ex Star Wars. The original Star Wars movies
    utilized older techniques from shows like Flash
    Gordon from the 1930s with no ironic intent.

8
Genre Play
  • Youll often see experimental texts blending
    genres.
  • Ex Gun, with Occasional Music by Jonathan Lethem
    blends science fiction with detective fiction
    with literary fiction.

9
Play with storytelling modes
  • Storytelling modes range from different types of
    stories, like myth and legend, to different types
    of writing, like fiction and poetry.
  • Ex Storyteller by Leslie Marmon Silko contains
    myths, legends, family stories, fiction, and
    poetry.

10
Play with Elements of Fiction
  • The core elements of fiction are plot, character,
    and point of view. Often, experimental fiction
    takes a radical approach to these.
  • Ex A story titled After I Was Thrown in the
    River and Before I Drowned by Dave Eggers
    utilizes first-person point of view, but the
    first-person point of view belongs to a dog!

11
Play with visual formatting
  • An experimental piece of fiction may play with
    the visual nature of the book or the text on the
    page.
  • Ex Nox by Anne Carson comes in a box and all of
    the sheets are connected in accordion style.
    Also, within the book, she includes a lot of
    pictures/visuals.
  • See the 2 next slides for a picture of Carsons
    book and for another example.

12
Nox by Anne Carson
13
Example of play with visual formatting from
Lorrie Moores short story titled Real Estate.
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